Respiratory Tract Infections clinical trials at UC Health
3 in progress, 2 open to new patients
A Multifaceted Intervention to Improve Prescribing for Acute Respiratory Infection for Adults and Children in Emergency Department and Urgent Care Settings
open to eligible people ages 18 years and up
Inappropriate antibiotic use is a major public health concern. Excessive exposure to antibiotics results in emergence and spread of drug-resistant bacteria, potentially avoidable adverse drug reactions, and increased healthcare utilization and cost. As antibiotic prescribing in emergency departments and urgent care centers remains unchecked, national professional organizations including the Infectious Diseases Society of America (IDSA) and the Society for Healthcare Epidemiology (SHEA), and an Executive Order from the President of the United States, recommend expansion of antimicrobial stewardship to these ambulatory care settings. The goal of antimicrobial stewardship is to effectively promote judicious antibiotic use in all healthcare settings, yet stewardship programs have not achieved their potential in terms of either reach or effectiveness. Reach has been limited by implementation mostly in inpatient settings; at the same time, recent critical experiments in behavioral science suggest that the effectiveness of existing stewardship programs could be greatly augmented through inclusion of behavioral nudges, benchmarked audit and feedback, and peer-to-peer comparisons.
at UC DavisUCLA
“Can BioFire FilmArray decrease the number of patients who receive unnecessary antibiotics to treat their respiratory infection?”
open to eligible people ages 1–101
This is a randomized clinical trial to assess the effect of rapid, near point-of-care testing for multiple common respiratory viruses and bacteria on antibiotic and anti-influenza medication use in emergency department (ED) patients with symptoms of influenza-like illness (ILI) and/or upper respiratory infection (URI). The intervention is a rapid, multi-respiratory pathogen nucleic acid amplification panel test (FilmArray Respiratory Panel; BioFire Diagnostics, LLC) with clinical result reporting within two hours of sample collection. Randomization is at the individual patient level. Intervention patients will receive usual care plus the rapid multi-respiratory pathogen test. Control patients will receive physician-directed usual care without the rapid, multi-respiratory pathogen test, which may include but is not limited to no testing, point-of-care influenza testing, or delayed testing for multiple respiratory pathogens at an off-site laboratory. The primary outcome is antibiotic administration or prescription during the initial ED episode of care. The investigators primary hypothesis is that rapid multi-respiratory pathogen testing will be associated with a ≥15% reduction in antibiotic use in intervention patients, relative to control patients (usual care). The investigators secondary outcome is administration or prescription of antivirals during the initial ED episode of care. The investigators secondary hypothesis is that rapid multi-respiratory pathogen testing will improve anti-influenza medication use in intervention patients (composite rate of anti-influenza treatment in positive patients and non-use of anti-influenza treatment in negative patients), relative to control patients receiving usual care alone.
at UC Davis
Sorry, accepting new patients by invitation only
This study is related to a previous study, Clinicaltrials.gov ID: NCT02924467. There are some modifications in relation to the intervention arms as well as the use of a different cohort, thereby justifying the second submission to Clinicaltrials.gov. This trial is taking place in New York State, through partnership with the New York State Health Department (excluding New York City), and Colorado. Each state will have it's own Clinicaltrial.gov submission -- this was decided as some of the intervention components are different enough that separate registrations were warranted. Despite U.S. guidelines for influenza vaccination of all children starting at 6 months, only about half of children are vaccinated annually leading to substantial influenza disease in children and spread of disease to adults. A major barrier is that families are not reminded about the need for their children to receive influenza vaccination. The investigators will evaluate the impact of patient reminder/recall (R/R) performed by state immunization information systems to improve influenza vaccination rates by using 4 clinical trials (2 per state) in two different states. The investigators will assess effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of 1) autodialer R/R 2) text messages R/R 3) mailed postcard R/R as compared to 4) standard of care control (no R/R).