Cisplatin or Carboplatin, and Etoposide With or Without Sunitinib Malate in Treating Patients With Extensive-Stage Small Cell Lung Cancer
- for people ages 18 years and up (full criteria)
- at UCSF
- study started
This partially randomized phase I/II trial studies the side effects and best dose of sunitinib malate and to see how well it works when given together with cisplatin or carboplatin and etoposide in treating patients with extensive-stage small cell lung cancer. Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as cisplatin, carboplatin, and etoposide, work in different ways to stop the growth of tumor cells, either by killing the cells or by stopping them from dividing. Sunitinib malate may stop the growth of tumor cells by blocking some of the enzymes needed for cell growth and by blocking blood flow to the tumor. It is not yet known whether cisplatin or carboplatin and etoposide are more effective when given with or without sunitinib malate in treating small cell lung cancer.
Combination Chemotherapy With or Without Maintenance Sunitinib Malate (NSC 736511) for Untreated Extensive Stage Small Cell Lung Cancer: A Phase IB/Randomized Phase II Study
- To determine the phase II dose for sunitinib (sunitinib malate) combined with cisplatin and etoposide. (Phase IB) II. To compare the progression-free survival of patients with extensive stage small cell lung cancer treated with cisplatin or carboplatin and etoposide followed by maintenance sunitinib to patients receiving the same chemotherapy followed by placebo. (Phase II)
- To assess the single agent response rate for sunitinib given as monotherapy after chemotherapy. (Phase II) II. To assess the overall survival of patients treated with cisplatin or carboplatin and etoposide followed by sunitinib. (Phase II) III. To evaluate the toxicity and tolerability of maintenance sunitinib after cisplatin or carboplatin and etoposide. (Phase II) IV. To determine the association between vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) plasma levels and tumor response. (Phase II)
OUTLINE: This is a phase I, dose-escalation study of sunitinib malate followed by a randomized phase II study.
PHASE I (close to accrual 5/17/08):
COMBINATION THERAPY: Patients receive cisplatin or carboplatin intravenously (IV) on day 1, etoposide IV on days 1-3, and sunitinib malate orally (PO) once daily (QD) on days 1-14. Treatment repeats every 21 days for up to 6 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
MAINTENANCE THERAPY: Patients receive sunitinib malate PO alone QD. Treatment continues in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
COMBINATION THERAPY: Patients receive cisplatin or carboplatin and etoposide as in Phase I. Treatment repeats every 21 days for up to 6 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
MAINTENANCE THERAPY: Beginning 3-8 weeks after completion of combination chemotherapy or >= 4 courses of combination therapy, patients with a responding or stable disease are randomized to 1 of 2 treatment arms. All patients must be euthyroid before starting on maintenance therapy.
ARM I: Patients receive sunitinib malate PO QD. Courses repeat every 3 weeks in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
ARM II: Patients receive placebo PO QD. Courses repeat every 3 weeks in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Patients with disease progression may cross over to Arm I.
After completion of study treatment, patients are followed up every 3 months for 1 year and then every 6 months for 2 years.
Extensive Stage Lung Small Cell CarcinomaRecurrent Small Cell Lung CarcinomaCarcinomaSmall Cell Lung CarcinomaLung NeoplasmsCarcinoma, Small CellCisplatinCarboplatinEtoposideEtoposide phosphateSunitinibPodophyllotoxinLaboratory Biomarker AnalysisSunitinib Malate
For people ages 18 years and up
- All patients must have histologically or cytologically documented small cell lung cancer
- Eligible disease stages: the extensive disease classification for this protocol includes all patients with disease sites not defined as limited stage; limited stage disease category includes patients with disease restricted to one hemithorax with regional lymph node metastases, including hilar, ipsilateral and contralateral mediastinal, and/or ipsilateral supraclavicular nodes; extensive stage patients are defined as those patients with extrathoracic metastatic, malignant pleural effusion, bilateral or contralateral supraclavicular adenopathy or contralateral hilar adenopathy
- All patients must have measurable disease:
- Measurable disease is defined as at least one lesion that can be accurately measured in at least one dimension (longest diameter to be recorded) as >= 20 mm with conventional techniques or as >= 10 mm with spiral computed tomography (CT) scan
- Lesions that are considered non-measurable, which would make the patient not eligible, include the following:
- Bone lesions
- Leptomeningeal disease
- Pleural/pericardial effusion
- Lymphangitis cutis/pulmonis
- Abdominal masses that are not confirmed and followed by imaging techniques
- Cystic lesions
- No prior chemotherapy for small cell lung cancer (SCLC)
- Radiation therapy must have been completed at least one week before initiation of protocol therapy
- Common Toxicity Criteria (CTC) performance status:
- Phase IB: 0-1
- Phase II: 0-2
- No "currently active" second malignancy other than non-melanoma skin cancers
- No history of brain metastases, spinal cord compression, or carcinomatous meningitis
- No ongoing cardiac dysrhythmias, atrial fibrillation, or QTc interval >= 500 msec; the use of agents with proarrhythmic potential (e.g., quinidine, procainamide, disopyramide, sotalol, probucol, pedridel, haloperidol, risperidone, indapamide, flecainide) is not recommended while on protocol therapy
- Patients with class I New York Heart Association (NYHA) are eligible; patients with a history of class II NYHA are eligible, provided they meet the following criteria:
- Patients with a history of class II heart failure who are asymptomatic on treatment
- Patients with prior anthracycline exposure
- Patients who have received central thoracic radiation that included the heart in the radiotherapy port
- Patients with a history of class III or IV NYHA heart failure within 12 months prior to registration are not eligible
- Additionally, no myocardial infarction, severe/unstable angina, coronary/peripheral artery bypass graft or stenting, cerebrovascular accident including transient ischemic attack, or pulmonary embolism within the last year
- Patients with hypertension that cannot be controlled by medications (> 150/100 mmHg despite optimal medical therapy) are not eligible
- Patients who require use of therapeutic doses of coumarin-derivative anticoagulants such as warfarin are excluded, although doses of up to 2 mg daily are permitted for prophylaxis of thrombosis; Note: Low molecular weight heparin is permitted provided the patient's prothrombin time (PT) international normalized ratio (INR) is =< 1.5
- No evidence of hemoptysis within 4 weeks prior to starting study treatment; patients with blood-tinged or blood streaked sputum will be permitted on study if the hemoptysis amounts to less than 5 mL of blood per episode and less than 10 mL of blood per 24-hour period in the best estimate of the investigator
- None of the following within 28 days of treatment: abdominal fistula, gastrointestinal perforation, intra-abdominal abscess, serious or non-healing wound, ulcer, or bone fracture
- The use of the following specific inhibitors and inducers of cytochrome p450, family 3, subfamily A, polypeptide 4 (CYP3A4) is not permitted; the following inhibitors of
CYP3A4 are prohibited within 7 days before and during treatment with sunitinib: azole antifungals (ketoconazole, itraconazole), diltiazem, clarithromycin, erythromycin, verapamil, delavirdine, and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) protease inhibitors (indinavir, saquinavir, ritonavir, atazanavir, nelfinavir); the following inducers of CYP3A4 are prohibited within 12 days before beginning and during treatment with sunitinib: rifampin, rifabutin, carbamazepine, phenobarbital, phenytoin, St. John's Wort, efavirenz, tipranavir
- Other inhibitors and inducers of CYP3A4 may be used if necessary, but there use is discouraged
- Non-pregnant and non-nursing
- Granulocytes >= 1,500/ul
- Platelets >= 100,000/ul
- Creatinine clearance >= 70 ml/min
- Total bilirubin =< 1.5 mg/dl
- Aspartate aminotransferase (AST) and alanine aminotransferase (ALT) =< 2.5 x upper limit of normal (ULN) (patients w/ liver metastases may have AST/ALT =< 5 x ULN)
- Partial thromboplastin time (PTT) =< 1.5 x ULN
- UCSF Medical Center-Mount Zion
San FranciscoCalifornia94115United States
- Bay Area Breast Surgeons Inc
- Alta Bates Summit Medical Center - Summit Campus
- Bay Area Tumor Institute
- Hematology and Oncology Associates-Oakland
- Tom K Lee Inc
- in progress, not accepting new patients
- Start Date
- National Cancer Institute (NCI)
- Phase 1/2
- Study Type
- Last Updated