Summary

for people ages 60-80 (full criteria)
healthy people welcome
at UCLA
study started
estimated completion
Michael Irwin, M.D. (ucla)

Description

Summary

Higher rates of mortality have been found both in short sleepers (< 6 hr/night) and long sleepers (> 8 hr/night), but there has been little experimental investigation of the effects of chronic, moderate sleep loss in long or average sleepers. Some scientists argue that older adults might be particularly vulnerable to negative effects of sleep loss, whereas other scientists argue that many older adults spend too much time in bed, and that moderate reduction of time-in-bed could help increase the quality of their sleep, and could even promote health and longevity, particularly in long sleepers. At 4 sites across the US, we will conduct a large (200 people), randomized, controlled, 5- year study to examine whether a 1-hour reduction of time spent in bed for 12 weeks has negative or positive effects on multiple health-related outcomes, including inflammation, sleepiness, body weight, mood, glucose regulation, quality of life, incidence of illness, and incidence of automobile accidents in older long sleepers as compared to older average sleepers.

Official Title

Chronic Moderate Sleep Restriction in Older Long Sleepers and Older Average Sleepers

Details

Epidemiologic studies have consistently shown that self -reported sleep durations of <7 hr and >8 hr are associated with increased mortality and morbidity. The risks associated with short sleep are consistent with a vast experimental literature indicating detrimental effects of profound sleep restriction. However, there has been little study of chronic moderate sleep restriction, which is far more common, and thus more important from a public health standpoint. The risks associated with long sleep have scarcely been experimentally examined, though epidemiological data suggest sleep restriction might promote health/longevity in long sleepers. Older adults might be more vulnerable than young adults to negative effects of further sleep impairment, perhaps particularly via inflammatory mechanisms. Negative effects might be at least as evident in long sleepers as in average sleepers if long sleep reflects underlying morbidity, as many have posited. On the other hand, older adults might tolerate (or benefit) from moderate sleep restriction. Older adults often tend to spend excessive time in bed (TIB), particularly long sleepers, and extra TIB could contribute to age-related sleep fragmentation and morbidity, which could be ameliorated with modest TIB restriction. The aims of this study are: (1) to examine the ability of older long sleepers and older average sleepers to adhere to 60 min TIB restriction; and (2) to contrast effects of 12 weeks of 60 min TIB restriction on health-related measures in older long vs. average sleepers. One hundred older adults (ages 60-80 yr) who report sleeping 8-9 hr per night and 100 adults of the same age range who report sleeping 6-7.25 hr per night will be examined at 4 experimental sites over 5 years. Following a 2-week baseline, participants will be randomly assigned to one of two 12-week treatment groups. (1) A sleep restriction group (n=60 long sleepers and n=60 average sleepers) will be assigned to a fixed sleep- wake schedule, in which time in bed is reduced precisely 60 min below each participant's baseline time in bed (TIB). (2) A control group (n=40 long sleepers and n=40 average sleepers) will have no sleep restriction, but will also follow a fixed sleep schedule. Sleep will be assessed continuously with actigraphy and a daily diary. Questionnaires will be answered. Measures will include body weight, glucose tolerance, sleepiness, depression, quality of life, psychomotor vigilance, incidence of automobile accidents, incidence of illness, and multiple markers of inflammation. Physical exams during weeks 2 and 6 of the intervention and a study ombudsman will further monitor potential adverse effects. Follow-up assessments will be conducted for 12 months. The proposed clinical trial will provide the most comprehensive Phase 1 assessment of risks and benefits of chronic moderate TIB restriction ever conducted.

Keywords

Sleep Disturbance Aging Sleep restriction Health status Glucose tolerance Inflammation Dyssomnias Sleep Wake Disorders Parasomnias Benzocaine Non-sleep restriction

Eligibility

You can join if…

Open to people ages 60-80

  • 60-80 years of age
  • Sleeping an average of 8-9 hr per night for long sleeper (or)
  • Sleep an average of 6.0-7.25 hr per night for short sleepers
  • Able to designate a study partner that can speak on their behalf throughout the course of the study.

You CAN'T join if...

  • Reported average sleep duration of < 8.0 hr or > 9.0 hr for longer sleepers
  • Reported average sleep duration of < 6 hr or > 7.25 hr for the average sleepers
  • Spending > 30 min time in bed in the morning and/or night outside of the major sleep period (e.g., watching tv)
  • Expected change in usual sleep duration in the near future (e.g., change in work schedule)
  • Reported average napping of > 2 naps/day or total nap duration of > 90 min/day;
  • Recent shift-work (previous 2 months) or travel across multiple time zones (previous 4 weeks), or plans for performing shift-work or transmeridian travel during the study time period;
  • Severe sleep apnea (apnea-hyponea index of greater or equal 15);
  • Obesity (body mass index ≥35);
  • High daytime sleepiness (Epworth Sleepiness Scale ≥ 10);
  • Depression (Quick Inventory of Depressive Sympotomology > or equal to 16);
  • Use of hypnotics or other drugs prescribed to promote sleep;
  • Alcohol dependence or drug use;
  • Any medical, neurologic, or psychiatric illness causing long sleep;
  • Factors associated with significant changes in inflammation, including several medical disorders (e.g., rheumatoid arthritis), medications (e.g., steroids) and current smoking;
  • Any health or mental condition that would contraindicate participation in the rigors of the study

Locations

  • UCLA Cousins Center for Psychoneuroimmunology
    Los Angeles California 90095 United States
  • University of Arizona
    Tucson Arizona 85721-0000 United States

Lead Scientist

  • Michael Irwin, M.D. (ucla)
    Professor, Psychiatry and Biobehavioral Sciences. Authored (or co-authored) 249 research publications

Details

Status
in progress, not accepting new patients
Start Date
Completion Date
(estimated)
Sponsor
University of California, Los Angeles
Links
UCLA Cousins Center for Psychoneuroimmunology
ID
NCT01642719
Phase
Phase 1
Study Type
Interventional
Last Updated