Summary

for people ages 18 years and up (full criteria)
healthy people welcome
at UC Davis
study started
estimated completion:
Christopher L Bowlus (ucdavis)

Description

Summary

Primary biliary cirrhosis (PBC) is a progressive autoimmune disease of biliary epithelial cells resulting in biliary cirrhosis. PBC is characterized by a 90% female predominance, high titers of serum anti-mitochondrial autoantibodies (AMA) directed against the pyruvate dehydrogenase complex E2 subunit and evidence from both human and murine models suggests that T-cells, particularly cluster of differentiation (CD) 8+ T cells, are key to the destruction of bile ducts. However, clinical trials of classic immunosuppressive drugs including corticosteroids, azathioprine, methotrexate, and tacrolimus have been largely unsuccessful in altering the disease course. This is a single center, prospective, non-treatment study of the role of immune responses in PBC patients. Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) and its more severe form, non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) are common, often "silent" liver diseases. NASH resembles alcoholic liver disease, but occurs in people who drink little or no alcohol. The major feature in NASH is fat in the liver, along with inflammation and fibrosis. NASH can be severe and can lead to cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma. Ten to 20 percent of American have NAFLD with NASH affecting 2 to 5 percent of Americans.

Details

In this study, the investigators will prospectively collect demographic, clinical, and laboratory data and blood samples for research purposes on 45 PBC patients and 50 male and female NAFLD patients. PBC and NAFLD diagnosis and clinical status will be evaluated by magnetic resonance (MR) elastography, transient elastography (FibroScan®) and blood lab analysis including anti-mitochondrial antibodies (AMA), anti-nuclear antibodies (ANA), immunoglobulins, complete blood count (CBC), comprehensive metabolic panel (CMP) and coagulation measures). Additionally serum and blood will be obtained from the patients on the first visit and at months 3, 6, 9, 12, 15, 18, 21 & 24. Serum and blood samples will be used to measure serum cytokine abundance and transcriptome analysis. For comparison, 95 age (+/- 5 years) and sex-matched controls without PBC will be recruited for a clinical laboratory, cytokine, gene expression analysis. Control subjects will have blood drawn at a single time point.

Keywords

Primary Biliary Cirrhosis Liver Cirrhosis, Biliary Clinic visit Baseline visit

Eligibility

You can join if…

Open to people ages 18 years and up

for Primary Biliary Cirrhosis Group:

  • PBC diagnosis based upon at least 2 of 3 criteria: AMA titer > 1:40; Alkaline phosphatase > 1.5 times the upper limit of normal (ULN) for at least 6 months; and Liver biopsy findings consistent with PBC
  • 18 years of age and older.

You CAN'T join if...

  • Presence of other concomitant liver diseases including viral hepatitis, primary sclerosing cholangitis (PSC), alcoholic liver disease, Wilson's disease,hemochromatosis, or Gilbert's syndrome.
  • Prior liver transplantation
  • Use of immunosuppressants within 6 months of Day 0, including azathioprine,prednisone, prednisolone, budesonide, cyclosporine, tacrolimus, methotrexate, or mycophenolate mofetil.
  • Use of biologic agents including anti-cell and anti-cytokine therapies within 12 months.

Inclusion Criteria for Control Subjects

  • Absence of liver disease or inflammatory conditions
  • 18 years of age and older.

Exclusion Criteria for Control Subjects

  • Presence of concomitant liver diseases including PBC, viral hepatitis, PSC, alcoholic liver disease, Wilson's disease, hemochromatosis, or Gilbert's syndrome.
  • Prior liver transplantation
  • Use of immunosuppressants within 6 months, including azathioprine, prednisone,prednisolone, budesonide, cyclosporine, tacrolimus, methotrexate, or mycophenolate mofetil.
  • Use of biologic agents including anti-cell and anti-cytokine therapies within 12 months.

Location

  • University of California Davis Medical Center accepting new patients
    Sacramento California 95817 United States

Lead Scientist

Details

Status
accepting new patients
Start Date
Completion Date
(estimated)
Sponsor
University of California, Davis
ID
NCT02477462
Study Type
Observational [Patient Registry]
Last Updated