Study of the Effect NT-I7 on CD4 Counts in Patients With High Grade Gliomas
The purpose of this study is to determine the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) and select optimal biological doses (OBD) of the study drug NT-I7 in High Grade Glioma patients with severe lymphopenia, as well as to test the effect of NT-I7 on the CD4 counts of patients in comparison to control participants. This study has both a Phase I and Pilot component.
A Phase I and Pilot Study of the Effect of rhIL-7-hyFc (NT-I7) on CD4 Counts in Patients With High Grade Gliomas and Severe Treatment-related CD4 Lymphopenia After Concurrent Radiation and Temozolomide
Phase I: To determine the MTD (Maximum Tolerated Dose) and select optimal biological doses (OBD) of NT-I7 in HGG patients with severe lymphopenia
Pilot Study: To test the effect of NT-I7 on CD4 counts compared to control
- To evaluate the optimal biological dose of NT-I7
- To evaluate the effect of concurrent dexamethasone
- To evaluate the duration of effect on CD4 counts (up to 6 months)
- To evaluate the total lymphocyte counts over time and serial T cell lymphocyte subtypes and the effect on T cell repertoire (up to 6 months)
- To evaluate the serial cytokine levels (up to 6 months)
- To evaluate the impact of adjuvant temozolomide on NT-I7 effects on CD4 counts
- To evaluate anti-drug antibodies
- To evaluate the pharmacokinetic profile of NT-I7 after intramuscular administration in this patient population
- To evaluate the safety and toxicity of NT-I7 in patients with high grade glioma
OUTLINE: Patients are assigned to 1 of 2 groups depending on their use of dexamethasone.
GROUP A: Patients not on dexamethasone (or equivalent of an alternative corticosteroid), or on a dose lower than a physiologic dose (=< 0.75 mg daily)
GROUP B: patients who require dexamethasone (or equivalent of an alternative corticosteroid) => 4 mg daily
Patients must have been on the group assignment dose of corticosteroids for at least 5 days prior to the dose of NT-I7. Corticosteroid dose changes prior to the start of treatment are allowed as long as they do not alter patient's group assignment.
PHASE I TREATMENT PLAN
All patients (both Groups A and B) will be given a single dose of NT-I7 by intramuscular injection starting at 60 μg/kg, within one week after completing concurrent RT+TMZ and before starting adjuvant TMZ treatment, during the standard post-radiation break. Following this period, as per standard treatment, patients will go on to receive adjuvant temozolomide on Days 1-5 of 28-day cycles for 6 cycles. There should be about six weeks between the study injection and the start of adjuvant temozolomide; thus the start of adjuvant TMZ will be approximately two weeks later than the usual start, which is 4 weeks post-end of radiation. Patients who are delayed from receiving or are not able to receive adjuvant TMZ treatment may continue on study; adjuvant TMZ treatment is not a requirement for participation.
PILOT STUDY TREATMENT PLAN
GROUP A: participants will be given either a placebo (NT-I7 diluent) or one dose of NT-I7 at the Phase I Group A OBD by intramuscular injection within one week after completing concurrent RT+TMZ and before starting adjuvant TMZ treatment, during the standard post-radiation break.
GROUP B: participants will be given one dose of NT-I7 at the Phase I Group B OBD by intramuscular injection within one week after completing concurrent RT+TMZ and before starting adjuvant TMZ treatment, during the standard post-radiation break.
After completion of study treatment, patients are followed up every 2 months for 2 years and then every 6 months thereafter.
Lymphopenia Malignant Glioma Glioma Laboratory Biomarker Analysis
You can join if…
Open to people ages 18 years and up
- Patients must have histologically confirmed high grade glioma by pathology (World Health Organization [WHO] grade III and IV)
- Patients' post-operative treatment must have included at least 80% of standard radiation and concomitant temozolomide; patients may not have received any other prior chemotherapy, immunotherapy or therapy with biologic agent (including immunotoxins, immunoconjugates, antisense, peptide receptor antagonists, interferons, interleukins, tumor infiltrating lymphocytes [TIL], lymphokine-activated killer [LAK] or gene therapy), or hormonal therapy for their brain tumor; prior Gliadel wafers are allowed; glucocorticoid therapy is allowed
Patients must have CD4 =< 300 cells/mm3 in the last week (7 days) of standard radiation + temozolomide treatment (58-60 Gy radiation with temozolomide 75 mg/m2 daily during radiation)
- Absolute neutrophil count >= 1,000/mcL
- Platelets >= 50,000/mcL (need to confirm before administering study drug)
- Hemoglobin >= 9 g/dL
- Total bilirubin =< institutional upper limit of normal
- Aspartate aminotransferase (AST) (serum glutamic oxaloacetic transaminase [SGOT])/alanine aminotransferase (ALT) (serum glutamate pyruvate transaminase [SGPT]) =< 2.5 x institutional upper limit of normal
Creatinine =< institutional upper limit of normal OR creatinine clearance >= 60 ml/min/1.73 m2 for patients with creatinine levels above institutional normal
- Activated partial thromboplastin time (APTT) or partial thromboplastin time (PTT) =< 1.5 x institutional upper limit of normal
- Patients must have a Karnofsky performance status (KPS) >= 60% (i.e. the patient must be able to care for himself/herself with occasional help from others)
- Patients must be able to provide written informed consent
- Women of childbearing potential must have a negative serum pregnancy test prior to study entry; women of childbearing potential and men must agree to use two birth control methods (either two barrier methods or a barrier method plus a hormonal method) or abstinence prior to study entry and for the duration of study participation (through at least 90 days after the last study injection); should a woman become pregnant or suspect she is pregnant while participating in this study, she should inform her treating physician immediately
- Dexamethasone dose must be provided for treatment group assignment:
- Group A: patients not on dexamethasone or on a dose =< 0.75 mg daily (or equivalent of an alternative corticosteroid)
- Group B: patients who require dexamethasone >= 4 mg daily (or equivalent of an alternative corticosteroid) ** Patients must have been on the group assignment dose of corticosteroids for at least 5 days prior to the dose of NT-I7; corticosteroid dose changes prior to the start of treatment are allowed as long as they do not alter patient's group assignment
You CAN'T join if...
- Patients receiving any other investigational agents are ineligible
- Patients with known hypersensitivity to NT-I7 or any component used in the vehicle/formulation are ineligible
- Patients with uncontrolled intercurrent illness including, but not limited to, ongoing or active infection, symptomatic congestive heart failure, unstable angina pectoris, cardiac arrhythmia, or psychiatric illness/social situations that would limit compliance with study requirements, are ineligible
- Pregnant women are excluded from this study; breastfeeding should be discontinued if the mother is treated with NT-I7
- Patients with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) are excluded
- Patients with a known or screening-period-determined corrected QT (QTc) interval > 450 msec and patients who require a therapy with a drug known to prolong the QT/QTc interval, are ineligible
- Patients with a history of or who currently have evidence of autoimmune disease (other than autoimmune thyroid disease managed with thyroid hormone replacement or vitiligo) including: myasthenia gravis, Guillain Barre syndrome, systemic lupus erythematosus, multiple sclerosis, scleroderma, ulcerative colitis, Crohn's disease, autoimmune hepatitis, Wegener's etc., are ineligible
- Jonsson Comprehensive Cancer Center at UCLA
not yet accepting patients
Los Angeles California 90095 United States
- UCSF Comprehensive Cancer Center
San Francisco California 94115 United States
Lead Scientist at UC Health
- Timothy Cloughesy, MD (ucla)
Professor of Clinical , Neurology. Authored (or co-authored) 304 research publications.
- accepting new patients
- Start Date
- Completion Date
- Sidney Kimmel Comprehensive Cancer Center at Johns Hopkins
- Phase 1
- Study Type
- Last Updated