for people ages 18-45 (full criteria)
study started
estimated completion



enroll patients with histologically confirmed high-grade gliomas to evaluate the ability of regadenoson to transiently disrupt a relatively intact blood-brain barrier (BBB). determine the best dose of regadenoson to disrupt the BBB and allow for enhanced penetration of gadolinium during MRI.

Official Title

Determining the Dose of Regadenoson Most Likely to Transiently Alter the Integrity of the Blood-Brain Barrier in Patients With High Grade Gliomas



To determine if there is a dose of regadenoson, in the range shown to be safe for clinical administration, that can increase gadolinium Ktrans by more than 10 times the values reported in the literature within normal-appearing brain parenchyma with a previously documented intact blood-brain barrier in patients with high grade gliomas.

SECONDARY OBJECTIVE To determine if there is a dose of regadenoson, in the range shown to be safe for clinical administration, that can substantially alter the normalized, contrast enhanced MRI signal intensity in normal-appearing tissues and in: A) Brain adjacent to tumor (i.e. T2 hyperintense, but without contrast enhancement before regadenoson) and B) Contrast enhancing tumor (with contrast enhancement before regadenoson).

Part I Treatment Plan

Part I of the protocol is designed to identify the best regadenoson dose(s) to transiently disrupt the blood-brain barrier as measured by DCE-MRI and contrast enhancement on T1-weighted images corresponding to an increase in the accumulation of MRI contrast (gadolinium) into normal appearing brain contralateral to the brain tumor.

Patients who are at low risk of having complications with a standard regadenoson cardiac stress test (young with no known cardiac disease) and who have had stable MRI scans for at least 2 months prior to enrollment will be asked to undergo a research MRI within two weeks after their most recent previous MRI.

Part II Treatment Plan

Part II will be initiated if the first portion of the study identifies one or more doses of regadenoson that meets the desired endpoint of a Ktrans value >0.04 min-1 within contralateral normal-appearing brain following regadenoson administration. Part II patients will undergo more extensive imaging prior to regadenoson administration to confirm that regadenoson has a significant effect on the BBB using a more comprehensive imaging approach.

Five additional patients who are at low risk to have complications of a standard chemical cardiac stress test (young with no known significant cardiac disease) will be sequentially enrolled at each regadenoson dose meeting the desired endpoint in Part I. In these cohorts, the full research imaging protocol will be utilized in both the pre- and post-regadenoson MRI scans which will allow a direct comparison of all imaging parameters in both the pre-regadenoson and post-regadenoson settings to be directly compared.


High Grade Glioma Anaplastic Astrocytoma Anaplastic Oligodendroglioma Glioblastoma Glioma Astrocytoma Oligodendroglioma Regadenoson Regadenoson 0.05mg Regadensoson 0.1mg Regadensoson 0.2mg Regadensoson 0.4mg Regadensoson 0.7mg Regadensoson 1.0mg Regadensoson 1.4mg


You can join if…

Open to people ages 18-45

  1. Patients must have histologically confirmed high grade glioma (including but not limited to glioblastoma (GBM), anaplastic astrocytoma (AA), gliosarcoma, and anaplastic oligodendroglioma). Patients with previous low-grade glioma who progressed after RT/chemotherapy and are biopsied and found to have GBM/GS are eligible.
  2. Patients must have measurable contrast-enhancing disease by MRI imaging within 7-14 days of starting treatment (defined by at least 1 cm x 1 cm). Patient must be able to tolerate MRIs with contrast.
  3. Patients must have stable MRI (no progression of disease) for the past 2 months or more.
  4. Patients may have an unlimited number of prior relapses.
  5. The following intervals from previous treatments are required to be eligible:
  6. 12 weeks from the completion of radiation.
  7. 16 weeks from an anti-VEGF therapy
  8. 6 weeks from a nitrosourea chemotherapy
  9. 3 weeks from a non-nitrosourea chemotherapy
  10. 2 weeks or 5 half-lives from any investigational (not FDA-approved) agents
  11. 2 weeks from administration of a non-cytotoxic, FDA-approved agent (e.g., erlotinib, hydroxychloroquine, etc.)
  12. Age ≥18 years and ≤ 45 years.
  13. Karnofsky Performance (KPS) Status 80% (see Appendix A).
  14. Patients must have adequate organ and marrow function as defined below:
  15. Creatinine ≤ 1.5 mg/Dl or eGFR ≥30 mL/min/1.73 m2
  16. Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected patients on effective anti-retroviral therapy with undetectable viral load within 6 months are eligible for this trial.
  17. . Patients with a prior or concurrent malignancy whose natural history or treatment does not have the potential to interfere with the safety or efficacy assessment of regadenoson are eligible for this trial.
  18. . Ability to understand and the willingness to sign a written informed consent document.

You CAN'T join if...

  1. Patients who have not recovered from adverse events due to prior anti-cancer therapy (i.e., have residual toxicities > Grade 1) with the exception of alopecia.
  2. Patients who are receiving any other investigational agents.
  3. History of hypersensitivity reactions attributed to compounds of similar chemical or biologic composition to regadenoson.
  4. Patients with any history, current symptoms, or signs of cardiovascular disease including:
  5. any ischemic cardiac event (myocardial infarction, coronary revascularization, stable or unstable angina)
  6. Ischemic or nonischemic cardiomyopathy and/or congestive heart failure
  7. Supraventricular tachycardia, atrial fibrillation, and/or atrial flutter
  8. Ventricular tachyarrhythmias
  9. Severe sinus bradycardia defined as a resting heart rate <40 bpm
  10. Symptomatic bradycardia, sick sinus syndrome, greater than first-degree AV block, left bundle branch block, and/or presence of a cardiac pacemaker
  11. Stenotic valvular heart disease
  12. Patients who have uncontrolled hypo- or hypertension defined as a systolic blood pressure <90 mmHg or >180 mmHg, respectively.
  13. Patients who have uncontrolled asthma or seizures.
  14. Patients taking potential neurotoxic medications - see eligibility criteria of protocol for specific list of medications
  15. Patients with uncontrolled concurrent illness.
  16. Patients with psychiatric illness/social situations that would limit compliance with study requirements.
  17. . Pregnant women will be excluded from this study.
  18. . Because of the potential risk of serious cardiac reactions in the breastfed infant, advise the nursing mother to pump and discard breast milk for 10 hours after administration of regadenoson


  • Jonsson Comprehensive Cancer Center at UCLA
    Los Angeles California 90095 United States
  • UAB Comprehensive Cancer Center
    Birmingham Alabama 35294-3410 United States


in progress, not accepting new patients
Start Date
Completion Date
Sidney Kimmel Comprehensive Cancer Center at Johns Hopkins
Phase 1
Study Type
Last Updated