Antimicrobial Resistance clinical trials at University of California Health
4 in progress, 3 open to eligible people
open to eligible people ages 18-85
In this study, the investigators seek to determine the effect of antibiotic use post-surgery on antimicrobial resistance. The investigators will be studying adults (aged 18 or older) who will undergo eye surgery at University of California, San Francisco (UCSF). We seek to gain a better understanding of how antibiotic use during the perioperative period influences local and systemic antibiotic resistance at the individual level.
open to eligible people ages 1 month and up
The MORDOR trial found that biannual distribution of azithromycin to children 1-59 months old reduced child mortality. The World Health Organization (WHO) released conditional guidelines for this intervention, which include targeting azithromycin distributions to children 1-11 months of age in high mortality settings. The proposed trial aims to demonstrate and evaluate large-scale implementation of azithromycin to children aged 1-11 months old in the context of a programmatic setting while monitoring mortality and resistance antimicrobial resistance.
open to eligible people ages 18 years and up
Ocular rosacea is an inflammatory disease of the eyelids and ocular surface. Like the facial disease, the ocular condition is chronic and recurrent. Sequelae of ocular rosacea vary from mild to severe. Ocular rosacea may cause chronic eye redness, blepharitis, recurrent chalazia, dry eye, corneal erosion, corneal vascularization, and corneal ulceration. Rosacea affecting the cornea can result in vision loss. Prescription eye drops and ointments can be used topically to control mild ocular rosacea. However, severe disease, or rosacea that is not well controlled with local treatments is treated systemically. The most commonly used systemic treatment for rosacea is the bacteriostatic antibiotic doxycycline. Rosacea treatment doses of doxycycline vary widely. Treatment-dose doxycycline for systemic infections is 100mg twice a day. However, as rosacea is considered an inflammatory disease, doxycycline is often dosed at what is termed, sub-microbial dose doxycycline (SDD). Initially introduced in the oral medicine literature, SDD are doses 40mg and lower because systemic administration at this dose does not appear to alter the oral mucosa flora or increase resistance rates when given long-term for periodontal disease. Whereas 100mg doxycycline, even when given short term, may increase the percentage of culturable nasopharyngeal flora that is resistant to doxycycline. The FDA does not categorize SDD an antibiotic, stating this dosing is expected to exhibit only anti-inflammatory activity.
Sorry, in progress, not accepting new patients
The purpose of this study is to evaluate the safety and effectiveness of the T2Resistance Panel by validating clinical performance in three study arms: 1. Prospective arm: positive percent agreement (PPA) and negative percent agreement (NPA) against genetic determinants of resistance detected in whole blood clinical samples or isolates collected from positive blood cultures prospectively collected clinical samples of whole blood. 2. Contrived arm: positive percent agreement (PPA) and negative percent agreement (NPA) against samples with known status, via spiking healthy whole blood samples with bacterial strains harboring the resistance gene targets on the T2Resistance Panel. 3. Healthy donor arm: negative percent agreement (NPA) with presumed negativity of healthy donor whole blood samples. The data from all arms of the study will be used to support the Premarket Notification for the T2Resistance Panel to the U.S. Food and Drug Administration. Primary Endpoints The primary endpoints of this study with the T2Resistance Panel are estimated sensitivity, specificity, and safety.