Bronchiolitis clinical trials at University of California Health
1 research study open to eligible people
open to eligible people ages up to 2 years
Bronchiolitis is a respiratory illness characterized by acute inflammation of the airways, typically caused by a virus. By definition, it impacts children between 2 months and 2 years of age and is the most common cause of hospitalization among infants in the first year of life (American Academy of Pediatrics). Children with this illness may exhibit respiratory distress, as well as symptoms of viral respiratory illness, such as sneezing, nasal congestion, and cough. Often, hospitalization is required for respiratory distress and to support hydration needs. Evidence based guidelines for the treatment of acute viral bronchiolitis primarily involve supportive care, which most often includes supplemental oxygen, hydration, and suctioning of secretions. However, in practice, bronchiolitis care is highly variable, often involving therapies such as inhaled bronchodilators, systemic corticosteroids, inhaled hypertonic saline, continuous pulse oximetry, chest physiotherapy, antibacterial medications, and use of intravenous fluids, all of which have been shown to be unnecessary and costly. Unnecessary care remains although multiple published quality improvement studies centered on acute bronchiolitis have proven successful. Quality improvement interventions have shown reduced use of unnecessary treatments and reduced resource allocation. Therefore, the investigators will conduct a quality improvement process to improve adherence to bronchiolitis treatment guidelines for children with bronchiolitis treated at University of California Davis Children's Hospital.
at UC Davis