Cataracts clinical trials at University of California Health
3 in progress, 1 open to eligible people
open to eligible people ages 18 years and up
The current postoperative cataract surgery eye drop regimen used at Zuckerberg San Francisco General Hospital (ZSFG) is a significant burden for its patient population, contributing to high rates of non-adherence and the development of postoperative complications. The investigators propose to replace this complex regimen with a single administration of intraocular antibiotic and subconjunctival steroid at the time of surgery. This pilot study will obtain the preliminary data required to eventually fully evaluate this innovation in postoperative care in a safety-net population with respect to postoperative outcomes, patient compliance, and patient and caregiver satisfaction.
Sorry, not yet accepting patients
The goal of this study is to assess any post operative cognitive changes following benzodiazepine administration during cataract surgery. The investigators will compare effects of Midazolam vs. Remimazolam on cognition at the time of discharge from the post operative care unit and the next day following surgery. Cognitive changes will be assessed by administration of Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA). Participants will: 1. Complete MoCA testing prior to surgery 2. Randomize in either Midazolam or study drug Remimazolam 3. Complete MoCA testing after surgery at the time of discharge in the post anesthesia care unit and the next day of surgery at the time of post operative surgical visit. 4. Complete Patient Satisfaction Survey at the time of discharge from the Post Anesthesia Care Unit (PACU)
Sorry, accepting new patients by invitation only
There is strong consensus - based on robust randomized trial data - that routine pre-operative (pre-op) testing for cataract surgery is inappropriate. Despite these widely endorsed evidence-based recommendations, most seniors undergoing cataract surgery still receive unnecessary blood testing, EKGs, and chest X-rays (CXRs); another substantial percentage even undergo nonindicated cardiac stress tests. We will integrate three new best practice alert (BPA) nudges into the University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA) Health electronic health record (EHR). The nudges are informed by behavioral economic theory and are designed to alter the choice architecture for physicians to decrease the rate of pre-op test ordering while still preserving clinician autonomy. We will conduct a pragmatic trial to evaluate whether these BPA nudges reduce low-value pre-op testing for cataract surgery.