Cataracts clinical trials at University of California Health
2 in progress, 0 open to eligible people
Evaluating a Dropless Postoperative Regimen After Cataract Surgery in a Vulnerable, County-hospital Population
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The current postoperative cataract surgery eye drop regimen used at Zuckerberg San Francisco General Hospital (ZSFG) is a significant burden for its patient population, contributing to high rates of non-adherence and the development of postoperative complications. The investigators propose to replace this complex regimen with a single administration of intraocular antibiotic and subconjunctival steroid at the time of surgery. This pilot study will obtain the preliminary data required to eventually fully evaluate this innovation in postoperative care in a safety-net population with respect to postoperative outcomes, patient compliance, and patient and caregiver satisfaction.
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There is strong consensus - based on robust randomized trial data - that routine pre-operative (pre-op) testing for cataract surgery is inappropriate. Despite these widely endorsed evidence-based recommendations, most seniors undergoing cataract surgery still receive unnecessary blood testing, EKGs, and chest X-rays (CXRs); another substantial percentage even undergo nonindicated cardiac stress tests. We will integrate three new best practice alert (BPA) nudges into the University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA) Health electronic health record (EHR). The nudges are informed by behavioral economic theory and are designed to alter the choice architecture for physicians to decrease the rate of pre-op test ordering while still preserving clinician autonomy. We will conduct a pragmatic trial to evaluate whether these BPA nudges reduce low-value pre-op testing for cataract surgery.