Dental Plaque clinical trials at University of California Health
3 in progress, 2 open to eligible people
open to all eligible people
Children undergoing chemotherapy, radiation treatment and Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation (HSCT) have significant difficulties achieving good oral hygiene and dental plaque control. HSCT recipients are at a significant risk for bacteremia and sepsis. Livionex® toothpaste was shown to be effective in reducing dental plaques while containing no additives found in other toothpastes that can cause increased gingival irritation. The investigators hypothesize that improved oral hygiene and better plaque control in pediatric patients receiving chemo/radiation treatment or HSCT may result in reduced oral inflammation, decreased amount of oral bacterial pathogens, and reduced risk of oral-pathogen related systemic bacterial infections. The overall goal of this prospective randomized (2:1) pilot study is to determine whether incorporation of the Livionex® toothpaste in the research regimen could reduce dental plaque.
open to eligible people ages 12-19
Orthodontic treatment is common in teenagers, which typically involve the attachment of metal brackets to the teeth. These brackets often impede proper oral hygiene, leading to plaque accumulation and the development of white spots lesions (the early stage of cavity development). Our study aims to investigate the efficacy of different commercially available fluoride varnishes to treat these white spot lesions after the completion of orthodontic treatment and evaluate their effect on the oral microbiome. Target enrollment is 120 subjects. The study will follow a split-mouth design, with each subject receiving different treatment on the left and right sides of their mouth. The subjects will be randomized into 3 groups, with each group receiving two of the following three options: placebo varnish, traditional sodium fluoride varnish, and a resin-modified glass ionomer light-cured fluoride varnish. There will be 4 total visits for this study: Baseline (day 0): Oral health assessed, plaque collected, intraoral photos taken, dental cleaning performed, DiagnoDent measurements taken, varnishes applied T1 (day 30): Oral health assessed, plaque collected, intraoral photos taken, DiagnoDent measurements taken, varnishes reapplied T2 (day 90): Oral health assessed, plaque collected, intraoral photos taken, DiagnoDent measurements taken, varnishes reapplied T3 (day 180): Oral health assessed, plaque collected, intraoral photos taken, DiagnoDent measurements taken, dental cleaning performed Participants will be instructed to use regular fluoridated toothpaste and floss twice per day for the duration of the study.
Sorry, in progress, not accepting new patients
There is a need for toothpastes that more effectively remove oral biofilm, inhibit biofilm re-formation and support periodontal health. This is particularly important for patients with long-term orthodontic fixtures or prosthodontic appliances, and also for debilitated, diabetic and immunocompromised patients. The objective of this study is to evaluate the effects of toothpastes on plaque presence and removal, gingival and periodontal health, dental hard tissue mineralization, erosion, abrasion, and microstructure as well as dry/sore mouth. In addition to clinical scoring and photographs, tooth and gum sensitivity, saliva volume, pH and buffering and enamel health may be evaluated using tooth samples worn on removable dental retainers. These samples will be examined outside of the mouth using advanced optical techniques such as Optical Coherence Tomography (OCT), Fluorescence, various forms of microscopy and spectroscopy.
at UC Irvine
Our lead scientists for Dental Plaque research studies include Pamela Den Besten, DDS, MS.