Irritable Bowel Syndrome clinical trials at University of California Health
5 in progress, 3 open to eligible people
open to eligible people ages 18-60
This is a prospective, double-blind, randomized, sham-controlled pilot study evaluating the efficacy of percutaneous electrical nerve field stimulation for the treatment of adult patients with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS).
open to eligible people ages 18-55
Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) is the most well researched and most effective treatment for IBS targeting the brain-gut-microbiome (BGM) axis, and preliminary data show that this therapeutic effect is associated with a reduction of brainstem connectivity with other brain networks. The increased prevalence of IBS in women, the higher rate of comorbid non-GI pain conditions, as well as the higher prevalence in female IBS of increased sensitivity to a variety of internal and external stimuli (multisensory sensitivity) suggest the presence of important sex differences in some of these BGM mechanisms. Research performed by UCLA SCOR during previous funding has established an increased responsiveness of the CRF-Locus Coeruleus (LCC) system in female IBS subjects, suggesting that this central noradrenergic brainstem system plays an important role in IBS pathophysiology. In addition, the study team's earlier research has begun to identify clinical, functional and structural brain mechanisms that may underlie these sex effects. Based on the preliminary data, the overall goal of this project is to use CBT as a probe to study the relationship between specific disease-related alterations of the brain, the gut microbiome, and symptomatic outcome, and identify the role of sex differences in these relationships. Investigators will study male and female IBS patients before and after CBT using the advanced neuroimaging and microbiome technologies of the overall SCOR.
open to eligible females ages 18-50
Vestibulodynia (VBD) is a complex chronic vulvar pain condition that impairs the psychological, physical, and sexual health of 1 in 6 reproductive aged women in the United States. Here, the investigators plan to conduct a randomized, double-blinded, placebo-controlled clinical trial to 1) compare the efficacy of peripheral (lidocaine/estradiol cream), centrally-targeted (nortriptyline), and combined treatments in alleviating pain and improving patient-reported outcomes and 2) determine cytokine and microRNA biomarkers that predict treatment response in women with distinct VBD subtypes. Positive findings from this study will readily translate to improved patient care, permitting the millions of women with VBD, their partners, and their clinicians to make more informed decisions about pain management.
Sorry, in progress, not accepting new patients
The purpose of this study is to determine the amount and timing of when certain Fermentable Oligo-Di-Monosaccharides and Polyols (FODMAPs), specifically fructose, can be safely reintroduced into the diet of Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS) patients that have successfully completed a low-FODMAP elimination diet. The FODMAP diet is an effective treatment for IBS; however it is unclear how patients can successfully reintroduce and liberalize fructose into their diet. The low FODMAP diet is thought to reduce IBS symptoms by decreasing water content and gas production in the bowel and also possibly by altering gut bacteria. Although use of the FODMAP elimination diet can initially successfully treat IBS symptoms for up to 50-75% of patients, the reintroduction diet is difficult for patients to complete and maintain for long periods of time because current methods for reintroduction of FODMAPs are imprecise leading to frequent recurrent symptoms. As a result, patients often continue the low FODMAP elimination diet for additional months because they have difficulties knowing how to add back FODMAPs into their diet. There are no studies to date to help guide patients with FODMAP reintroduction.
Sorry, in progress, not accepting new patients
The purpose of this research study is to improve the understanding of irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) and its underlying cause. The investigators will use magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) to observe differences in the brain between people diagnosed with IBS compared to healthy controls and people with ulcerative colitis, a disease group that has already been characterized. By doing this correlative and comparative study, the investigators hope to gain knowledge on IBS in order to keep the field moving in the right direction and becoming one step closer to discovering effective treatments.