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Knee Replacement clinical trials at University of California Health

5 in progress, 3 open to eligible people

Showing trials for
  • Antibiotic Prophylaxis in Patients Undergoing Elective TKA- Multi-center Trial

    open to eligible people ages 18 years and up

    The Antibiotic Prophylaxis in Patients Undergoing Elective Total Knee Arthroplasty (TKA): Multi-Center Trial is a study that will compare the effectiveness of various perioperative strategies for antibiotic delivery as prophylaxis for periprosthetic joint infections (PJI) and surgical site infection in elective primary TKA. The investigators hypothesize that a single dose of prophylactic antibiotic administered within 60 minutes before the incision is not an effective way to prevent PJI in elective primary total knee arthroplasty (TKA). The investigators also hypothesize that the prolonged delivery (24 hours) of antibiotic prophylaxis after surgery does not further reduce the incidence of PJI in elective primary TKA. Duke University is the only site recruiting both primary total knee arthroplasty and unilateral knee arthroplasty.

    at UCSF

  • Conventional Instrumentation, Computer Navigation, and Robotic Assistance Techniques in TKA

    open to eligible people ages 18 years and up

    Knee osteoarthritis is a debilitating disease that can cause severe knee pain and significant limitations to patients' activities of daily living. Total knee arthroplasty (TKA), also known as knee replacement surgery, is a well-established and successful procedure for treatment of end-stage knee osteoarthritis. Over the years, TKA surgical techniques and implant technology have improved, resulting in better patient outcomes and implant survivorship. Despite continuous improvements being made to this high demand procedure, malalignment of component position is a well-known cause of post-operative complications, including knee pain, component loosening, and failure requiring revision surgery. Advanced techniques that utilize computer navigation or robotic-arm assistance have been developed in an attempt to avoid malalignment. Both technologies were created with the goal of improving the precision of implant positioning and implant sizing in order to improve lower limb alignment and joint line alignment. The OrthoAlign KneeAlign computer assisted navigation system is a commercially available device that uses gyroscopic limb position sensing technology mounted to intramedullary and extramedullary jigs to measure bone resection cuts in TKA that ultimately dictate implant position. The Zimmer Biomet ROSA Knee System is a commercially available, FDA-approved robotic assistant for performing TKA. It uses pre-operative x-rays to create a three-dimensional image of the patient's knee anatomy, which is used to create a pre-operative template of the implants to be used and provides intra-operative guidance for bone cuts during the TKA. The robotic system also assesses the soft tissue envelope around the knee and can assist with the soft tissue balancing of the knee arthroplasty. Alternatively, it can also be used in an imageless mode where bone cuts are performed based on intra-operative mapping using anatomic landmarks. To date, there have been no prospective studies comparing the implant positioning and patient outcomes directly of the KneeAlign system with the ROSA system and conventional TKA instrumentation techniques.

    at UCLA

  • Venlafaxine in Reducing Pain in Primary Total Knee Replacement

    open to eligible people ages 18-75

    Patients experience pain after their knee replacement surgery - and some may continue to experience persistent pain long after their knee replacement surgery. Traditional pain management strategies reply on pain medication such as opioids for pain control. However, these drugs do not work well for pain associated with movement or the the nerve pain (tingling, electrical sensations) after surgery. In addition, opioids are associated with significant side effects such as nausea, vomiting, respiratory depression, depression, cognitive dysfunction and risk of persistent opioid use. Neuropathic pain medications, such as venlafaxine are effective in managing nerve pain. Recent studies also support its potential role in acute pain management. Here, we propose a prospective randomized clinical trial 1) to evaluate the efficacy of Venlafaxine in reducing pain intensity and opioid consumption at post-operative day 1 (POD1) and 1- week after surgery, and 2) to examine whether the use of Venlafaxine will reduce the incidents of chronic postsurgical pain in TKA patients at 3-month time point.

    at UCSF

  • Can Single-Injection Adductor Canal Blocks Improve PostOp Pain Relief in Patients Undergoing Total Knee Arthroplasty?

    Sorry, in progress, not accepting new patients

    The purpose of the study is to determine the effect of a single injection adductor canal block (ACB) on pain scores within 24 hours post total knee arthroplasty (TKA).

    at UC Irvine

  • Dexamethasone in Total Knee Arthroplasty

    Sorry, in progress, not accepting new patients

    The purpose of this study is to determine the most efficacious and safest dexamethasone dose given intraoperatively during total knee arthroplasty that reduces postoperative opioid consumption and pain, improves postoperative nausea and vomiting, and minimizes postoperative complications.

    at UCSF

Our lead scientists for Knee Replacement research studies include .

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