Microbial Colonization clinical trials at University of California Health
3 in progress, 2 open to eligible people
open to eligible people ages 40-65
This proposal seeks to build upon studies, including ours, on the favorable effects of California strawberries on vascular health. Freeze dried strawberry powder (FDSP) contains a number of nutrients that may have beneficial effects on plasma lipids and vascular function, as well as on the composition of the gut microbiota; changes in the gut microbiota can in turn have secondary positive effects on the vascular system as well as on other physiological functions that are important determinants of health and disease. The proposed project will seek to determine the influence of short-term FDSP intake on the gut microbiota composition, and select microbial-derived metabolites from stool, serum and urine, and their relationship to microvascular function. Secondary outcomes will include the influence of the FDSP on circulating levels of nitrate and nitrite and trimethylamine oxide (TMAO) as markers of vascular health that are influenced by both dietary intake and the oral and gut microflora, with blood pressure as an additional vascular outcome.
at UC Davis
open to all eligible people
Late preterm infants, who are born at 34, 35 or 36 weeks gestation, often have difficulty feeding, establishing growth, and fighting off infection. Breastfeeding provides improved nutrition to help fight infection, in part because breast milk encourages the growth of healthy bacteria (microbiota) in the infant's intestine. However, when mothers give birth preterm, their breasts are usually not quite ready to make milk; it can take several days to have enough breast milk to match a baby's nutritional needs. If there is not yet enough breast milk, formula is often used. However, formula can interfere with the growth of healthy intestinal bacteria. An alternate nutritional option is donor milk from a certified milk bank, which is available in all neonatal intensive care units (NICUs) in San Francisco. However, no scientific studies have yet studied donor milk for late preterm infants, so currently all San Francisco NICUs (as well as the large majority of NICUs nationwide) reserve donor milk for infants born at <34 weeks. This study's investigators therefore propose the "Milk, Growth and Microbiota (MGM) Study," a randomized controlled trial to compare banked donor milk to formula for breastfeeding late preterm infants born in San Francisco. Once enrolled in MGM, infants will be randomly assigned to receive either formula or banked donor milk if they need additional nutrition until their mothers are making enough milk. After enrolling the babies, investigators will weigh them daily to assess their growth. The investigators will also collect infant bowel movements at baseline, 1 week and 1 month to determine whether donor milk vs. formula impacts the type of bacteria in the baby's intestine. If the study's results show that donor milk optimizes growth while helping establish healthy bacteria in the baby's intestine, donor milk might be postnatal strategy to bolster neonatal nutrition for late preterm infants.
at UC Davis UCSF
“Help us learn about the relationship between infant nutrition, gut health, and development!”
Sorry, in progress, not accepting new patients
This study is examining the relationship between infant nutrition, gut health, and development. The fecal microbiota changes and develops, in large part due to the food that infants eat. These changes are important for many aspects of development. This study is designed to examine how the fecal microbiota changes when exclusively breastfed infants are first introduced to solid food, and how changes of the fecal microbiota are related to other aspects of development.
at UC Davis