Preeclampsia clinical trials at University of California Health
3 in progress, 1 open to eligible people
open to eligible females ages 18-60
This study evaluates the utility of expanded panel non-invasive prenatal testing (NIPT) in detecting confined placental mosaicism of rare autosomal trisomies among pregnancies with placentally-mediated complications, including fetal growth restriction and severe preeclampsia.
Sorry, in progress, not accepting new patients
The purpose of this study is to 1. Identify a cut-off for the ratio of the serum proteins soluble FMS-like Tyrosine Kinase 1 (sFLT-1) and placental growth factor (PlGF) that identifies women will who develop preeclampsia with severe features within 2 weeks of testing (clinically positive) from those who do not develop preeclampsia with severe features within 2 weeks of testing (clinically negative) among preterm pregnant women with hypertensive disorders of pregnancy. And 2. To validate the cut-off the ratio of sFLT-1 and PlGF and to validate the performance of the automated assays used to find the cut-off. Test performance includes positive predictive value, negative predictive value, sensitivity, and specificity. Subjects will provide blood, urine, and saliva samples at the time of enrollment. Samples will be frozen for batch assessment of sFLT-1 and PlGF levels by automated assays. Clinicians, subjects, and researchers will be blinded to protein level assessment, therefore assay results will not affect clinical management.
Sorry, not yet accepting patients
The literature unequivocally supports follow-up in the postpartum period post hospital discharge in hypertensive patients, compared to uncomplicated delivery follow-up recommendations of 4-6 weeks postpartum, leading to decreased morbidity and mortality, utilizing at-home blood pressure monitoring and virtual/telemedicine appointments. There is much evidence that telemedicine visits are equally, if not more effective, result in cost savings, and are generally preferred by patients, specifically when there is a risk of exposure for the patient and newborn, an appropriate factor to consider amidst the global Covid-19 pandemic. Maternal health and well-being have substantial links with cultural and racial factors. Black women are three times as likely to have morbid outcomes related to gestational complications, specifically hypertensive disorders of pregnancy. Minority populations have historically displayed inferior access to care due to concerns related to transportation, healthcare insurance, or provider accessibility and distrust, resulting in diminished compliance with follow-up and negative health sequelae. Telemedicine follow-up within 10 days of delivery (48-72 hours after discharge) reduces readmission rates, increase access to- and compliance with care, and improve patient safety satisfaction, thus establishing feasibility. Home vital sign monitoring gives an increased volume of data points for providers to utilize in titrating antihypertensive medications to optimize blood pressure control, ultimately decreasing stroke and cardiovascular risk. Existing research lacks comprehension regarding specific cardiological impacts of labile postpartum blood pressures, however researchers inferentially hypothesize that poor blood pressure management in the postpartum period can have devastating long-term cardiological consequences. This QI project will demonstrate standardized programming for patients with hypertensive disorders of pregnancy (HDP), which may potentially lead to increased compliance, satisfaction, and accessibility, resulting in improved long-term cardiovascular health in vulnerable populations. The American heart Association (AHA) and ACOG have established that HDP are associated with long-term cardiovascular disease, however obstetricians lack guidance on effective, evidence-based research for standardization of care, leading to subsequently disjointed medical management with much room for error in transitioning from obstetrician to internist or cardiologist. Thus, implementing and establishing feasibility of remote monitoring and follow-up while applying standardized algorithms and protocols for antihypertensive medication titration and management may provide support in addressing and eradicating these gaps. As such, this pilot project has massive prospective future applicability and benefit for a highly vulnerable population.