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Rib Fractures clinical trials at University of California Health

3 in progress, 2 open to eligible people

Showing trials for
  • Continuous Erector Spinae Plane Blocks for Rib Fractures

    open to eligible people ages 18 years and up

    Rib fractures are one of the most common injuries in trauma patients. These fractures are associated with significant pain as well as decreased ability to inspire deeply or cough to clear secretions, which together lead to complications of the lungs and breathing which leads to risks of further injury and even death. One recent study found that the ability to move air into and out of the lungs practically doubled with the administration of a single-injection Erector Spainae Plane Block (ESPB) while pain levels nearly halved. However, a single-injection nerve block lasts less than 24 hours while a perineural local anesthetic infusion (also termed a "continuous peripheral nerve block") may be administered for multiple days. This entails inserting a tiny tube through the skin and into the area around the nerves, after which more local anesthetic may be administered prolonging the numbing effects. The possibility of extending the duration of a ESPB with local anesthetic administration via a perineural catheter has not be investigated. We therefore are conducting a randomized, triple-masked, placebo-controlled, parallel-arm study to investigate the addition of a continuous ESPB to a single-injection ESPB following traumatic rib fractures. The primary outcome of this study will be the maximum inspired volume measured by incentive spirometry on the afternoon following the nerve block procedure. We hypothesize that the maximum inspired volume will be significantly increased in the afternoon following the procedure with the addition of a continuous ESPB to a single-injection ESPB.

    at UCSD

  • Dexmedotomidine for Acute Pain Control in Patients With Multiple Rib FracturesRandomized Controlled Trial

    open to eligible people ages 18 years and up

    Blunt chest trauma is the second most common form of unintentional trauma in the US and is associated with significant morbidity and mortality. Thoracic injuries are the third most common cause of death in trauma patients. Rib fractures have an increased associated risk of pneumonia, prolonged hospitalization, and cost. The associated severe pain leads to poor pulmonary mechanics, which contributes to additional complications. Treatment for rib fractures is focused on optimizing analgesia and intense pulmonary hygiene. Most common strategies utilize early mobilization, incentive spirometry (IS), and multimodal pain regimens. A variety of techniques for analgesia after blunt chest trauma exist. Epidural analgesia is one of the best-studied methods and can often provide significant pain relief. However, this method is invasive, has associated complications, and often can be contraindicated due to coagulopathy or other injuries. Most often a form of multimodal pain strategy is utilized which incorporates acetaminophen, Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), trans-dermal lidocaine, and muscle relaxants. Opioids remain an important adjunct to control severe pain, however, narcotics have their own associated complications. The aim of our study is to use an infusion of dexmedetomidine (Precedex) to aid in pain management in patients presenting with 3 or more rib fractures. The investigators hypothesize that dexmedetomidine will decrease patient pain and opioid use.

    at UC Irvine

  • RibFix Advantage™ Post-Market Follow-Up

    Sorry, not yet accepting patients

    To confirm safety, performance, and clinical benefits for the use of RibFix Advantage™ in the fixation, stabilization, and fusion of rib fractures and osteotomies of normal and osteoporotic bone

    at UC Irvine

Our lead scientists for Rib Fractures research studies include .

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