Social Stigma clinical trials at University of California Health
2 in progress, 1 open to eligible people
HIV Prevention Peer Navigation for Justice Involved Women
open to eligible females ages 18-49
Women involved in the criminal justice system have complex and highly stigmatized sexual and substance use risk profiles and are particularly vulnerable to, and experience, high rates of HIV. Criminal justice settings represent an important opportunity to address health disparities in HIV by linking women, who experience multiple, intersecting stigmas with innovative biomedical HIV prevention strategies, like pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP). The investigators propose to develop and test a peer-led patient navigation intervention for criminal-justice involved (CJI) women at risk of HIV acquisition to reduce intersectional stigma and improve uptake and linkage to PrEP services, thereby increasing access to PrEP and decreasing PrEP-related disparities.
Stigma Among Women With HIV in Vietnam
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Women living with HIV/AIDS (WLHA) bear a higher level of stigma because of their socio-cultural vulnerabilities. Women are more likely to internalize social stigma and produce a sense of shame and loss of self-worth, which results in a delay in health service seeking and compromised health outcomes. In Vietnam, stigma towards WLHA is exacerbated by the deeply rooted female inferiority. However, research targeting WLHA is generally lacking. We propose this study to address stigma among WLHA and explore the use of virtual support system in WLHA's service engagement in Vietnam. The 2-year study will proceed in two phases in Hanoi, Vietnam. Phase 1 will be formative studies, including in-depth interviews with 30 WLHA and focus groups with 20 service providers and community stakeholders. This phase aims to investigate the cultural and contextual background of HIV and gender roles in Vietnam and to identify effective strategies to support and engage WLHA in healthcare. These formative findings will inform the development of an intervention to be pilot tested in the next phase. Phase 2 will be a 6-month intervention pilot with 90 WLHA using an online/offline hybrid approach. During Month 1 of the pilot, WLHA will participate in an in-person section to form mutual support groups and prepare for the following online components. During Month 2-4 of the pilot, study investigators will teach WLHA a series of empowerment strategies to cope with stigma and utilize social support to seek healthcare services. These skills will be taught via interactive online group activities. During Month 4-6, WLHA will self-administer the online groups without the intervention of study investigators. WLHA's multidimensional stigma measures, mental health burdens, and service use self-efficacy will be assessed at baseline, month 4, and month 6. Progress data of the intervention will be documented to inform the feasibility and sustainability of the online support approach. Acceptability data and feedback will be collected from the WLHA participants upon completion of the 6-month pilot period.
Our lead scientists for Social Stigma research studies include Chunqing Lin, PhD.