for females ages 18 years and up (full criteria)
study started
estimated completion



This clinical trial studies anal human papillomavirus (HPV) tests in screening for cell changes in the anus in patients with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). Screening tests may help doctors find cancer cells early and plan better treatment for anal cancer. Completing multiple screening tests may help find the best method for detecting cell changes in the anus.

Official Title

Screening HIV-Infected Women for Anal Cancer Precursors



  1. To determine the sensitivity and specificity of HPV testing using different methods of detection, including HPV Hybrid Capture 2 (HC2), HPV messenger ribonucleic acid (mRNA) assays (APTIMA) and OncoHealth HPV E6/E7 oncoprotein assay and whether they improve the screening performance of routine anal cytology for the detection of anal high-grade squamous intraepithelial lesions (HSIL) when measured against the gold standard, biopsy-proven HSIL.

II. To determine the prevalence and risk factors for prevalent HSIL in HIV-infected women.

III. To determine incidence and risk factors associated with anal HSIL and HPV over 2 years among HIV infected women undergoing semi-annual anal evaluations.


  1. To evaluate the acceptability of anal cancer screening among HIV-infected women.

II. To collect data on quality of life and health care costs (including non-direct health care costs and time costs) for an economic evaluation of the cost-effectiveness of anal cancer screening strategies in HIV-positive women.


Patients undergo screening for the detection of HSIL using anal cytology, HPV hybrid capture 2, HPV mRNA assays, and OncoHealth HPVE6/E7 oncoprotein at baseline, at 12 and 24 months.


Anal Cancer HIV Infection Human Papilloma Virus Infection Infection Communicable Diseases HIV Infections Virus Diseases Papilloma Anus Neoplasms Papillomavirus Infections comparison of screening methods laboratory biomarker analysis quality-of-life assessment


You can join if…

Open to females ages 18 years and up

  • HIV positive; HIV-1 infection, as documented by any federally approved, licensed HIV rapid test performed in conjunction with screening (or enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay [ELISA], test kit, and confirmed by Western blot or other approved test); alternatively, this documentation may include a record that another physician has documented that the participant has HIV infection based on prior ELISA and Western blot, or other approved diagnostic tests
  • Karnofsky performance status > 70%
  • Absolute neutrophil count >= 750 cells/mm3 within 120 days of study entry

  • Platelet count >= 75,000 cells/mm3 within 120 days of study entry

You CAN'T join if...

  • Current or history of anal or perianal carcinoma
  • History of anal HSIL cytology or histology
  • Known permanent or irreversible bleeding disorder, or any illness that, in the opinion of the clinical investigator, would contraindicate any biopsy of the anal canal
  • For women able to conceive, evidence of pregnancy by a positive urinary pregnancy test; pregnant women are excluded from enrollment in this study
  • Serious medical or psychiatric illness that in the opinion of the site Investigator will interfere with the ability of the subject to give informed consent or adhere to the protocol
  • Ongoing use of anticoagulant therapy other than aspirin, clopidogrel or non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDS)
  • Inability to provide informed consent
  • Treatment of anal and/or perianal HPV associated disease (i.e., condyloma or low-grade anal intraepithelial neoplasia [AIN]) within 4 months of study entry


  • UCLA Clinical AIDS Research and Education (CARE) Center
    Los Angeles California 90095-1793 United States
  • Ucsf Ancre
    San Francisco California 94115 United States


in progress, not accepting new patients
Start Date
Completion Date
AIDS Malignancy Consortium
Study Type
Last Updated