for people ages 18 years and up (full criteria)
at UC Davis
study started
completion around



This phase I trial studies the side effects and the best dose of navitoclax when given together with sorafenib tosylate in treating patients with solid tumors that have returned (relapsed) or do not respond to treatment (refractory). Navitoclax and sorafenib tosylate may stop the growth of tumor cells by blocking some of the enzymes needed for cell growth.

Official Title

A Phase I Trial of ABT-263 (Navitoclax), a Bcl-2 Inhibitor, and Sorafenib (Nexavar) in Patients With Relapsed or Refractory Solid Organ Tumors



  1. To determine the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) of the combination of navitoclax and sorafenib tosylate (sorafenib) in patients with advanced solid tumors. (Dose escalation cohort) II. To better characterize the toxicity profile of the combination of navitoclax and sorafenib. (Dose expansion cohort)


  1. To identify any activity of this treatment combination in patients with metastatic cancer. (Dose escalation cohort) II. To seek preliminary evidence of activity of this treatment combination in patients with hepatoma. (Dose expansion cohort)


  1. To determine whether the combination of navitoclax and sorafenib induces apoptosis that can be detected by peripheral blood biomarker analysis. (Dose escalation cohort) II. To assess peripheral blood biomarkers and pharmacokinetics in a more homogenous population. (Dose expansion cohort) III. To determine whether treatment is associated with Mcl-1 down regulation in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) at the maximum tolerated dose (MTD). (Dose expansion cohort) IV. To assess in a preliminary fashion whether pretreatment tumor cell levels of Mcl-1 predict response to this regimen through serial biopsies. (Dose expansion cohort)

OUTLINE: This is a dose-escalation study of navitoclax.

Patients receive navitoclax orally (PO) once daily (QD) on days 1-21 (days 1-28 cycle of 1 only) and sorafenib tosylate PO twice daily (BID) on days 1-21. Cycles repeat every 21 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

After completion of study treatment, patients are followed up every 3 months.


Cirrhosis, Hepatitis B Infection, Hepatitis C Infection, Metastatic Malignant Solid Neoplasm, Recurrent Hepatocellular Carcinoma, Recurrent Malignant Solid Neoplasm, Refractory Malignant Neoplasm, Stage IV Hepatocellular Carcinoma AJCC v7, Unresectable Solid Neoplasm, Infections, Communicable Diseases, Hepatitis A, Hepatitis C, Hepatitis B, Carcinoma, Neoplasms, Hepatocellular Carcinoma, Hepatitis, Recurrence, Sorafenib, Navitoclax, Laboratory Biomarker Analysis, Pharmacological Study, Sorafenib Tosylate


You can join if…

Open to people ages 18 years and up

  • For Dose Escalation Cohort: Patients must have histologically confirmed malignancy that is metastatic or unresectable and for which standard curative or palliative measures do not exist or are no longer effective
  • For Dose Expansion Cohort: HCC patients only: HCC confirmed by biopsy OR diagnosed by clinical and radiologic criteria; all of the following criteria must be met or a biopsy is required:
    • Known cirrhosis or chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) or hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection
    • Hypervascular liver masses > 2 cm, and either serum alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) > 400 ng/ml
    • AFP > three times normal and doubling in value in the antecedent 3 months
    • In the expansion cohort, prior treatment with sorafenib as first-line therapy allowed
  • Any number of the following prior therapies is allowed:
    • Chemotherapy >= 28 days prior to registration
    • Mitomycin C/nitrosoureas >= 42 days prior to registration
    • Immunotherapy >= 28 days prior to registration
    • Biologic therapy >= 28 days prior to registration
    • Targeted therapy >= 28 days prior to registration
    • Radiation therapy >= 28 days prior to registration
    • Radiation to < 25% of bone marrow
  • HCC patients only: Prior regional treatments for liver metastasis are permitted including:
    • Selective internal radiation therapy such as brachytherapy, cyber knife, radiolabeled microsphere embolization, etc.
    • Hepatic artery chemoembolization
    • Hepatic artery embolization
    • Hepatic artery infusional chemotherapy
    • Radiofrequency ablation
    • NOTE: patients must be >= 4 weeks from treatment and show progressive measurable/evaluable disease in the liver after regional therapy or must have measurable disease outside the liver
  • HCC patients only: Child Pugh class A or B7 liver disease
  • Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status =< 2
  • Life expectancy of > 3 months
  • Leukocytes >= 3,000/mcL
  • Absolute neutrophil count >= 1,500/mcL (patients may be treated with hematopoietic growth factors to achieve or maintain this level)
  • Hemoglobin >= 9.0 g/dL
  • International normalized ratio (INR) =< 1.4
  • Platelets >= 100,000/mm3
  • Total bilirubin =< 1.5 x ULN (institutional upper limit of normal) (patients with Gilbert's syndrome may have direct bilirubin > 2.5 x ULN)
  • Aspartate aminotransferase (AST) (serum glutamic oxaloacetic transaminase [SGOT])/alanine aminotransferase (ALT) (serum glutamate pyruvate transaminase [SGPT]) =< 2.5 x institutional ULN
  • Serum creatinine =< 1.5 x ULN
  • Able to swallow and retain oral medication
  • Negative serum pregnancy test =< 7 days prior to registration for women of childbearing potential
    • NOTE: women will be considered not of childbearing potential if they are surgically sterile (bilateral oophorectomy or hysterectomy) and/or post-menopausal (amenorrheic for at least 12 months)
  • Ability to understand and the willingness to sign a written informed consent document
  • Willing to provide tissue samples for correlative research purposes

You CAN'T join if...

  • Unresolved toxicity of National Cancer Institute Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events, version 4.0 (NCI CTCAE v 4.0) grade 2 or higher from previous anti-cancer therapy, except alopecia
  • Receiving any other investigational agents =< 28 days prior to registration
  • Known brain metastases (even if treated)
  • Known portal hypertension or history of variceal bleeding; these patients are felt to be at increased risk of bleeding if they experience navitoclax-induced thrombocytopenia
  • Inadequately controlled hypertension (systolic blood pressure of > 150 mmHg or diastolic pressure > 90 mmHg on anti-hypertensive medications)
  • History of allergic reactions attributed to compounds of similar chemical or biologic composition to navitoclax or sorafenib
  • Current use of anticoagulation; NOTE: use of low-dose anticoagulation medications that are used to maintain the patency of a central intravenous catheter is allowed
  • Corrected QT (QTc) interval > 480 msec on baseline electrocardiogram (EKG)
  • Documented history of prolonged QTc interval =< 6 months prior to registration
  • Receiving any medications that prolong the QTc and have a known risk for Torsades de pointes; providers should use caution with drugs with possible increased risk for

    Torsades de pointes; NOTE: patient will be eligible if they can be taken off these medications prior to initiation of therapy and no less than 4 half-lives of the medication

  • Current use of certain concomitant medications due to mechanistic-based platelet toxicities from navitoclax: clopidogrel, ibuprofen, tirofiban and other anticoagulants, drugs or herbal supplements that effect platelet function; NOTE: antiplatelet use is prohibited during the use of navitoclax; subjects who have previously received aspirin therapy for thrombosis prevention may resume a low dose (i.e., maximum 100 mg QD) of aspirin if platelet counts are stable (>= 50,000/mm3) through 6 weeks of navitoclax administration; all decisions regarding treatment with aspirin therapy will be determined by the principal investigator in conjunction with the medical monitor
  • Current use of strong CYP3A inhibitors such as ketoconazole, itraconazole, voriconazole, posaconazole, nefazodone, and clarithromycin are prohibited; NOTE: moderate inhibitors of CYP3A4 should be used with caution; navitoclax is a moderate inhibitor of CYP2C8 and a strong inhibitor of CYP2C9; caution should be exercised when dosing navitoclax concurrently with CYP2C8 and CYP2C9 substrates; common CYP2C8 substrates include paclitaxel, statins and repaglinide; CYP2C9 substrates include celecoxib, phenytoin and warfarin; when possible, investigators should switch to alternative medications or monitor the patients closely
  • Concurrent use of strong CYP3A4/5 inducers such as carbamazepine, phenytoin, rifampin, and St. John's wort are prohibited
  • Uncontrolled intercurrent illness including, but not limited to, ongoing or active infection, symptomatic congestive heart failure, unstable angina pectoris, cardiac arrhythmia, or psychiatric illness/social situations that would limit compliance with study requirements
  • Any of the following:
    • Pregnant women
    • Nursing women
    • Women of childbearing potential who are unwilling to employ adequate contraception; NOTE: should a woman become pregnant or suspect she is pregnant while she or her partner is participating in this study, she should inform her treating physician immediately; the effects of navitoclax on the developing human fetus are unknown; for this reason and because other therapeutic agents used in this trial are known to be teratogenic, women of child-bearing potential and men must agree to use adequate contraception using one of the methods listed below prior to study entry, for the duration of study participation, and up to 90 days following completion of therapy:
      • Total abstinence from sexual intercourse (minimum one complete menstrual cycle prior to study drug administration)
      • Vasectomized male subject or vasectomized partner of female subjects
      • Hormonal contraceptives (oral, parenteral, transdermal or vaginal ring) for at least 3 months prior to study drug administration; if the subject is currently using a hormonal contraceptive, she should also use a barrier method during this study and for 1 month after study completion
      • Intrauterine device (IUD)
      • Double-barrier method: male condom plus diaphragm or vaginal cap with spermicide (contraceptive sponge, jellies or creams)
      • Additionally, male subjects (including those who are vasectomized) whose partners are pregnant or might be pregnant must agree to use condoms for the duration of the study and for 90 days following completion of therapy
  • Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-positive patients on highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) are excluded due to possible drug-drug interactions with the investigational agent(s)
  • Underlying condition predisposing them to bleeding or currently exhibits signs of clinically significant bleeding
  • Recent history of non-chemotherapy-induced thrombocytopenic-associated bleeding =< 1 year prior to the registration
  • History of cardiovascular disease (e.g., myocardial infraction [MI], thrombotic or thromboembolic event in the last 6 months)


  • University of California Davis Comprehensive Cancer Center
    Sacramento California 95817 United States
  • Mayo Clinic in Arizona
    Scottsdale Arizona 85259 United States


in progress, not accepting new patients
Start Date
Completion Date
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Phase 1 research study
Study Type
About 29 people participating
Last Updated