for males (full criteria)
study started
estimated completion



This research trial studies molecular features and pathways in predicting drug resistance in patients with castration-resistant prostate cancer that has spread to other parts of the body and who are receiving enzalutamide. Studying samples of blood and tissue in the laboratory from patients receiving enzalutamide may help doctors learn more about molecular features and pathways that may cause prostate cancer to be resistant to the drug.

Official Title

Identifying Mechanisms of Resistance to Enzalutamide (MDV3100) Treatment in Men With Castration-Resistant Prostate Cancer



  1. To assess the correlations between baseline molecular features and pathways and prostate-specific antigen (PSA) response (</>= 50% decline) at 12 weeks versus (vs.) baseline.


  1. To assess the correlations between the baseline molecular features and pathways and progression-free survival (defined as time from day 1 of study drug treatment to date of radiographic progression or clinical progression), disease-specific survival (defined as the time from day 1 of study drug to date of death from prostate cancer), and overall survival (defined as time from day 1 of study drug treatment to date of death from any cause).

II. To assess the correlations between the baseline molecular features and pathways and time to PSA progression.

III. To identify molecular features and cellular pathways present in tumors from men with metastatic castrate-resistant prostate cancer (CRPC) that are progressing despite enzalutamide treatment.

IV. To explore correlation between baseline molecular features and pathways and objective response.

  1. To assess the correlations between the baseline molecular features and pathways and degree of PSA decline at 12 weeks and maximal PSA decline observed while on study.

VI. To assess the correlations between the baseline molecular features and time on treatment.


  1. To assess correlations between cell-free deoxyribonucleic acid (cfDNA) molecular features from blood and molecular features and pathways from the biopsy samples.

II. To assess correlations between cfDNA molecular features and endpoints in the primary and secondary objectives listed above.

III. To explore correlations with baseline molecular features and tissue histology.

IV. To explore correlations with baseline tissue histology and PSA change, time to PSA progression, time on treatment, progression-free survival, and overall survival.


Patients undergo collection of blood and tissue samples at baseline, during administration of enzalutamide, and after the time of disease progression for analysis via immunohistochemistry, comparative genome hybridization, and sequencing.

After completion of study, patients are followed up every 12 weeks.


Castration Levels of Testosterone Castration-Resistant Prostate Carcinoma Prostate Adenocarcinoma PSA Progression Recurrent Prostate Carcinoma Stage IV Prostate Cancer Carcinoma Prostatic Neoplasms Adenocarcinoma Cytology Specimen Collection Procedure Enzalutamide Laboratory Biomarker Analysis Ancillary-Correlative (genetic analysis)


You can join if…

Open to males

  • Histologically or cytologically confirmed adenocarcinoma of the prostate without neuroendocrine differentiation or small cell features
  • Ongoing androgen deprivation therapy with a gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) analogue or orchiectomy (i.e., surgical or medical castration); for patients who have not had an orchiectomy, there must be a plan to maintain effective GnRH-analogue therapy for the duration of the trial
  • Radiographic evidence of regional or distant metastases with suspected tumor in an area that is safe to biopsy
  • Willingness to undergo a tumor biopsy at baseline and at disease progression
  • Serum testosterone level < 50 ng/dL at screening
  • Progressive disease by PSA or imaging in the setting of medical or surgical castration; disease progression for study entry is defined as one or more of the following three criteria:
  • PSA progression defined by a minimum of three rising PSA levels with an interval of >= 1 week between each determination; the PSA value at screening should be >= 2 ug/L (2 ng/ml)
  • Soft tissue disease progression defined by Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST 1.1)
  • Bone disease progression defined by two or more new lesions on bone scan
  • Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status of 0-2
  • Clinically able, in the opinion of the investigator, to receive MDV3100 (enzalutamide)
  • Willing and able to give informed consent
  • A minimum of 4 weeks elapsed off of anti-androgen therapy prior to enrollment for flutamide and 6 weeks for bicalutamide and nilutamide without evidence of an anti-androgen withdrawal response; patients who NEVER HAD A PSA decline with the most recent anti-androgen therapy or in whom the response to the most recent anti-androgen was for < 3 months require only a 2 week washout period prior to first dose of study drug

You CAN'T join if...

  • Severe, concurrent disease, infection, or co-morbidity that, in the judgment of the investigator, would make the patient inappropriate for enrollment
  • Metastases in the brain or active epidural disease (NOTE: patients with treated epidural disease are allowed)
  • Platelet count < 75,000/uL
  • Prothrombin time (PT) or international normalized ratio (INR) and a partial thromboplastin time PTT > 1.5 times the institutional upper limit of normal (ULN)
  • Structurally unstable bone lesions suggesting impending fracture
  • Previous treatment with MDV3100, ARN-509, or BMS-641988
  • Medical contraindications to stopping aspirin, Coumadin or other anticoagulants for 1 week prior to image-guided tumor biopsies
  • Plans to initiate treatment with an investigational agent while on study prior to discontinuation of MDV3100 treatment
  • A second active malignancy except adequately treated non-melanoma skin cancer or other non-invasive or in situ neoplasm


  • UCLA / Jonsson Comprehensive Cancer Center
    Los Angeles California 90095 United States
  • UCSF Medical Center-Mount Zion
    San Francisco California 94115 United States


in progress, not accepting new patients
Start Date
Completion Date
OHSU Knight Cancer Institute
Study Type
Last Updated