Two LNF-containing regimens will be evaluated in the D-LIVR Phase 3 study: (1) LNF/RTV/PEG IFN-alfa-2a and (2) LNF/RTV. Each of these arms will have efficacy endpoints that measure clinical benefit with regard to viral suppression and alanine aminotransferase (ALT) normalization. For each LNF-containing regimen, a composite endpoint of EOT (48 weeks) virologic response and ALT normalization will be used. Virologic response will be defined as a 2 log10 IU/mL reduction from baseline.
A Phase 3, Matrix Design, Partially Double-Blind, Randomized Study of the Efficacy and Safety of 50 mg Lonafarnib/100 mg Ritonavir BID With and Without 180 mcg PEG IFN-alfa-2a for 48 Weeks Compared With PEG IFN-alfa-2a Monotherapy and Placebo Treatment in Patients Chronically Infected With Hepatitis Delta Virus Being Maintained on Anti-HBV Nucleos(t)Ide Therapy (D-LIVR)
This partially double-blind, randomized study will employ a matrix (factorial) design to evaluate the efficacy and safety of LNF 50 mg/RTV 100 mg twice per day (BID) with and without PEG IFN-alfa-2a 180 mcg once-weekly (QW) for 48 weeks compared to no treatment (placebo LNF and placebo RTV) in patients chronically infected with hepatitis delta virus (HDV) and receiving anti-HBV (hepatitis B virus) nucleos(t)ide maintenance therapy.
Approximately 400 patients will be randomized with an allocation ratio of 7:5:2:2 All patients will receive/maintain background anti-HBV nucleos(t)ide therapy with entecavir or tenofovir for at least 12 weeks prior to initiating study therapy.
All patients who complete 48 weeks of treatment will have a liver biopsy for histology assessment at EOT and will be followed for an additional 24 weeks off study treatment.