Summary

Eligibility
for people ages 2 years and up (full criteria)
Healthy Volunteers
healthy people welcome
Location
at UCSD
Dates
study started
estimated completion
Principal Investigator
David Pride (ucsd)

Description

Summary

This study will evaluate the performance of the VIDAS® Interferon Gamma (IFN-γ) Release Assay (TB-IGRA) assay, which is intended for use as an aid in the diagnosis of tuberculosis infection. This study is designed to assess (1) the sensitivity of this assay, (2) its percent agreement with other diagnostic tests, (3) its measurement precision , and (4) any potential interference of the presence of other non-tuberculosis mycobacterial bacterial infections with this assay.

Details

Tuberculosis (TB) infection is one of the top 10 causes of death in the world and the leading cause of death due to a single infectious agent. Millions of people are infected with TB each year which can pose significant economic and health care burdens on the global population.

TB can infected the lungs (pulmonary TB) or other organs such as the brain, and kidneys (extra-pulmonary TB). When a person with pulmonary TB coughs or sneezes, water droplets containing M. tuberculosis are expelled into the air. Persons can become infected with TB when they inhale air containing these water droplets, however, not everyone infected with Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb) becomes ill. Therefore two TB-related conditions exist: latent TB infection (LTBI) and TB disease.

People with latent TB infection are not ill and do not present TB symptoms or have TB disease. The only sign of TB infection is a positive reaction to the tuberculin skin test or TB blood tests such as IGRA tests. People with latent TB infection are not contagious and cannot spread TB infection to others.

Identification and treatment of LTBI can substantially reduce the risk of developing active disease. However, there is no diagnostic gold standard for LTBI. Two types of test are currently available for the identification of LTBI: the tuberculin skin test (TST) and the TB Interferon Gamma (IFN-γ) Release Assay (TB-IGRA). Evidence suggests that both TST and TB-IGRA are acceptable but not perfect because they detect indirect markers of Mtb exposure and indicate a cellular immune response to M. tuberculosis. TB-IGRAs have a number of advantages compared to TST which promote their progressive adoption in the clinical practice and in guidelines.

Keywords

Active Tuberculosis Latent Tuberculosis Infection Non-Tuberculous Mycobacterial (NTM) Pneumonia Interferon Gamma Release Assay Tuberculosis Latent Tuberculosis Pneumonia Blood draw and IGRA test

Eligibility

For people ages 2 years and up

Active TB Population

Inclusion Criteria:

A person classified as or suspected of having M. tuberculosis disease (active TB):

A person with known HIV status, determined by a laboratory or rapid test performed no earlier than one month prior to, or at the time of inclusion into this study A person of age ≥ 2 years

Exclusion Criteria:

A person who has been on an anti-TB treatment for >15 days for the ongoing infection Pregnant women A person who has received an anti-tumor necrosis factor (TNF) alpha treatment within the previous 3 months A person who has had prior TST A person with an NTM infection A person with positive HIV status.

High Risk for TB infection

Inclusion criteria :

A person who is at increased risk for M. tuberculosis infection (and therefore LTBI) and/or for progression to active TB:

A person with age ≥ 2 years A person with known HIV status

Non-inclusion criteria will be:

A person who has or has had active TB A person who has received treatment for active TB or LTBI A person who has received an anti-TNF alpha treatment A person who has had a TST Pregnant women Person who has been an NTM infection

Low Risk for TB Infection

Inclusion criteria

Generally healthy people, unlikely to have encountered TB disease in the past, that may be subject to TB testing for professional, academic or personal reasons (e.g.: students, healthcare personnel and healthcare volunteers, military recruits) A person with age ≥ 18 years old

Non-inclusion criteria A person who is considered at high risk for LTBI A person who has or has had active TB A person who has received treatment for active TB or LTBI A person who has received an anti-TNFalpha treatment A person who has had a TST Pregnant women A person who has been diagnosed with a NTM infection

NTM population:

Inclusion criteria A person who is positive for NTM of interest confirmed by culture and identification;

Non-inclusion criteria A person who has been on antibiotic treatment for NTM; A person with confirmed active TB; A person with HIV; A person with a history of active TB; A person who have received treatment for LTBI; A person who is at high risk for LTBI Pregnant women.

Precision Population

Inclusion criteria:

A person previously enrolled in the Active TB, High Risk or Low Risk studies, or a blood donor.

Non-inclusion criteria An adult who was not previously enrolled in the Active TB, High Risk or Low Risk studies except for blood donors

For blood donors only:

A person who can be classified as being at increased risk for M. tuberculosis infection (and therefore LTBI) and/or for progression to active TB

Locations

  • UC San Diego accepting new patients
    San Diego California 92103 United States
  • Stanford University accepting new patients
    Palo Alto California 94304 United States

Lead Scientist at UC Health

  • David Pride (ucsd)
    Associate Professor, Pathology. Authored (or co-authored) 52 research publications.

Details

Status
accepting new patients
Start Date
Completion Date
(estimated)
Sponsor
BioMérieux
ID
NCT04048018
Study Type
Observational
Last Updated