for males ages 18 years and up (full criteria)
study started
completion around
Principal Investigator
by Thomas A Hope, MD (ucsf)
Headshot of Thomas A Hope
Thomas A Hope



This phase II trial studies how well prostate-specific membrane antigen (PSMA) positron emission tomography (PET) scans (in combination with bone scans) work in selecting patients for Ra-223 radiation therapy that have castration-resistant prostate cancer that has spread from where it first started (primary site) to the bones (bone metastasis). Ra-223 is a type of therapy that emits radiation. Radiation gives off energy which can kill tumor cells and other cells that may support the tumor cells. Ra-223 is given by infusion into the veins, where it is absorbed by the bones. PSMA PET is a type of scan used to detect prostate cancer tumors. PSMA is a radioactive tracer that binds to a specific protein that is found on prostate tumor cells. The PSMA tracer shows the areas on the PET scan where tumor cells are active. A PET scan uses a special camera to detect the energy given off from radioactive tracers (such as PSMA) to make detailed pictures of areas where the tracer accumulates in the body. The PET scan is often combined with a magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) or computed tomography (CT) scan, which helps to map the locations where PSMA has accumulated. PSMA PET scans may be able to select patients that will benefit the most from Ra-223 treatment.



  1. To determine the PSA50 response rate of participants treated with radium Ra 223 dichloride (Ra-223).


  1. To determine the median overall survival (mOS) of participants treated with Ra-223.

II. To determine the PSA30 response rate of partoicipants treated with Ra-223. III. To determine the time to the first skeletal symptomatic event. IV. To characterize the safety profile of Ra-223 treatment. V. To compare the lesion based PSMA PET response based on sodium fluoride (NaF) PET/technetium Tc-99m medronate (MDP) single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) uptake.

EXPLORATORY OBJECTIVES; I. To compare the PSA response stratified by PSMA PET tumor volume. II. To determine the location of progression by location. III. Safety on subsequent treatment with PSMA radioligand therapy (RLT).


Participants undergo NaF PET/CT or MDP scan within 45 days prior to standard of care (SOC) Ra-223 intravenously (IV). Treatment repeats every 28 days for 6 cycles in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Participants then undergo a PSMA PET/CT between 30-60 days after the last dose of Ra-223. Participants also undergo collection of blood samples during screening, on the first day of every Ra-223 cycle, and at 30 days after the last dose. Participants may also undergo a NaF PET/CT or MDP scan during treatment as clinically indicated, and/or CT scans during screening and treatment as clinically indicated.

After completion of Ra-223 treatment, participants are followed up at 30 days, and then every 3-6 months.


Castration-Resistant Prostate Carcinoma, Metastatic Malignant Neoplasm in the Bone, Stage IVB Prostate Cancer AJCC v8, Prostatic Neoplasms, Neoplasms, Diphosphonates, Methylene diphosphonate, Radium Ra 223 dichloride, Technetium Tc 99m Medronate, Radium-223, PSMA Positron Emission Tomography (PET) Scan


You can join if…

Open to males ages 18 years and up

  • Male participants >= 18 years of age on the day of signing informed consent
  • Castrate level of serum testosterone at study entry (< 50 ng/dL), checked within three months of enrollment
  • Patient is a candidate for standard of care Ra-223 therapy
  • Bone only disease on PSMA PET using a Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved PSMA targeted PET radiopharmaceutical
    • Note: Nodal disease on PSMA PET that is less than 1 cm in short axis and without evidence of change in size over the past six months on conventional imaging is allowed
    • Positivity on PSMA PET is defined as uptake greater than the liver that is not attributable to physiologic activity
  • Histologically confirmed prostate adenocarcinoma that is progressive by Prostate Cancer Working Group 3 (PCWG3) criteria at the time of study entry
  • Prior progression on at least one second generation androgen signaling inhibitor including abiraterone, apalutamide, darolutamide, and/or enzalutamide
  • Platelets > 100,000/microliter (mcL)
  • Hemoglobin (Hgb) > 9.0 g/dL
  • White blood cells (WBC) > 2.5
  • Albumin > 3.0 g/dL
  • Adverse events related to prior anti-cancer treatment must have recovered to =< Grade 2
  • Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status of 0 to 2
  • For patients who have partners of childbearing potential: Partner and/or patient must use a method of birth control with adequate barrier protection, deemed acceptable by the principal investigator during the study and for 3 months after last study drug administration
  • Individuals with a prior or concurrent malignancy whose natural history or treatment does not have the potential to interfere with the safety or efficacy assessment of the investigational regimen are eligible for this trial
  • Ability to understand and the willingness to sign a written informed consent document

You CAN'T join if...

  • Prior treatment with Lutetium-177 (177Lu)-PSMA-617, Radium-223, Strontium-89, Samarium-153, Rhenium-186, Rhenium-188
  • Prior exposure to taxane-based chemotherapy.
    • Note: Exposure is defined as two or more cycles of taxane-based agents
  • Any systemic anti-cancer therapy (e.g., chemotherapy, immunotherapy or biological therapy, including monoclonal antibodies) within 21 days prior to the first day of treatment
  • Greater than 75% bone involvement, based on PSMA PET
  • Presence of visceral metastases, untreated central nervous system metastases, or untreated epidural or spinal cord involvement
  • Prior treatment with radioligand therapy
  • Blood transfusion within past 45 days
  • Any condition that, in the opinion of the Principal Investigator, would impair the patient's ability to comply with study procedures


  • University of California, San Francisco
    San Francisco California 94143 United States

Lead Scientist at University of California Health

  • Thomas A Hope, MD (ucsf)
    Thomas Hope, MD, is the Vice Chair of Clinical Operations and Strategy in the Department of Radiology. He also serves as the Director of Molecular Therapy. He serves as Chief of Nuclear Medicine at the San Francisco VA Medical Center and as chair of the Cancer Center’s Molecular Imaging & Radionuclide Therapy Site Committee.


not yet accepting patients
Start Date
Completion Date
University of California, San Francisco
Phase 2 research study
Study Type
Expecting 54 study participants
Last Updated