for people ages 18 years and up (full criteria)
Healthy Volunteers
healthy people welcome
at UC Davis UCLA
study started
completion around
Principal Investigator
by Gary Holland, MD (ucla)



The preclinical curriculum related to firearm violence and safety counseling at the UCLA David Geffen School of Medicine (DGSOM) has been expanded for the Class of 2027, informed by the results and conclusions of an initial study of firearm safety counseling by medical students ( ID: NCT05242627), which was conducted by the present study team. The 1-hour firearm safety counseling training session used in that study will be taught again to first-year medical students in the Class of 2027, but training will be augmented with additional instruction; the Class will receive additional comprehensive instruction on suicide risk assessment and will participate in small group breakout sessions, to facilitate the opportunity for students to discuss issues related to firearm violence as a public health issue and to practice firearm safety counseling with standardized patient actors (SPs). Assessment of access to firearms and firearm safety counseling will be added as a standard component of the Social History that students are taught to obtain from patients during clinical examinations. The goal of the expanded training is to increase the prevalence of medical student counseling when they are conducting a history and physical examination in a simulated patient encounter with an SP 6 months after the initial training session, when compared to results from the initial study. The scenario provided to the SP will be identical to that used in the initial study and is a situation in which firearm safety counseling is warranted.

Students will participate in a survey to ascertain their knowledge of firearm violence and their attitudes about physician counseling about firearm safety, prior to formal instruction. Informed consent will be obtained from students to use their responses in educational research. Following the didactic and small group sessions, students will be asked to complete a post-training survey that is similar to the original survey, as a means of assessing knowledge gained and any change in attitudes about physician counseling. The simulated patient encounter will occur approximately 6 months later, after which students will complete another survey to determine retention of knowledge and their experience during the simulated patient encounter. Students will not be told before the encounter that they will be evaluated regarding firearm safety counseling. The SP will identify which students did and did not raise the issue of firearm safety. Videos recorded of each students' sessions (routinely obtained for grading purposes) will be viewed by investigators for those students who provide informed consent, to determine the quality of counseling, if it was conducted.

Results from this follow-up study will be compared to the results of the initial study as a historical control, to determine whether augmentation of firearm safety counseling training above a 1-hour didactic session increases firearm safety counseling by medical students in a clinical setting and whether it improves retention of knowledge about firearm violence.

Official Title

A Prospective, Longitudinal Study of a Revised Firearm Safety Curriculum for Pre-Clinical Medical Students


Medical Student Knowledge of Firearm Violence Epidemiology, Medical Student Knowledge About Firearm Safety Procedures, Medical Student-initiated Clinical Firearm Safety Counseling, Firearm, Firearm Safety Counseling, Suicide Prevention, Medical Education, DGSOM Class of 2027


For people ages 18 years and up

Eligibility Criteria is limited to being a member of the DGSOM Class of 2027.


  • David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA accepting new patients
    Los Angeles California 90095-7000 United States

Lead Scientist at University of California Health

  • Gary Holland, MD (ucla)
    Dr. Gary N. Holland holds the Jack H. Skirball Chair in Ocular Inflammatory Diseases.


accepting new patients
Start Date
Completion Date
University of California, Los Angeles
Study Type
Expecting 176 study participants
Last Updated