Skip to main content

Alcohol Use clinical trials at UC Health

16 in progress, 6 open to eligible people

Showing trials for
  • A Novel Human Lab Model for Screening AUD Medications

    open to eligible people ages 21-65

    This study design consists of a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, 3-arm, parallel-group study of naltrexone (50 mg QD) and varenicline (1 mg BID). A total of 108 men and women with current AUD (moderate or severe) and reporting intrinsic motivation to change their drinking, will be randomly assigned to receive naltrexone (50 mg QD), varenicline (1 mg BID) or matched placebo. Post-randomization, all participants will complete an alcohol cue-reactivity paradigm prior to the initial dose of study medication. After a week-long medication titration period, participants will be asked to complete a 7-day practice quit attempt, during which they will have daily virtual visits (phone and online) where they will report on their alcohol use. Additionally, a second cue-reactivity paradigm will be conducted 90 minutes following study drug administration on final day of the practice quit attempt (Day 14).

    at UCLA

  • Addressing Heavy Alcohol Use Consumption With Kudzu

    open to eligible people ages 18-70

    Drinking multiple alcoholic drinks on a single occasion (binge drinking), has many negative health risks but interventions to address this behavior remain limited. This double-blind, placebo-controlled randomized clinical trial will test whether kudzu, an herbal supplement, can reduce heavy alcohol use and alcohol-associated sexual behaviors among sexually-active, binge-drinking individuals at high risk for HIV infection.

    at UCSF

  • Ibudilast and Withdrawal-Related Dysphoria

    open to eligible people ages 21-45

    Alcohol use disorder (AUD) is a prevalent and disabling psychiatric disorder with few, and only moderately efficacious, treatment options. Consequently, the identification of novel treatment targets and the development of rigorous laboratory paradigms to screen and optimize novel therapeutics represents a research priority. Ibudilast (IBUD) is a neuroimmune modulator that inhibits phosphodiesterase-4 and -10 and macrophage migration inhibitory factor. Recently in an AUD sample, IBUD was shown to decrease reactivity to a psychological stressor. Furthermore, IBUD was effective in blunting alcohol reward among participants with greater depressive symptoms, a hallmark symptom of protracted withdrawal. Recently, preclinical research in opiates has demonstrated that drug withdrawal is necessary for microglia activation and neuroinflammation in reward networks, suggesting that IBUD may be most effective among patients who experience withdrawal-related dysphoria. Therefore, this proposed study aims to examine withdrawal-related dysphoria as a moderator of IBUD efficacy in the natural environment measured using Daily Diary Assessment (DDA) approaches. To accomplish this aim, participants meeting criteria for AUD and balanced on the presence of withdrawal-related dysphoria will be enrolled in a double-blinded IBUD trial including consisting of two weeks randomized to medication and DDA assessment. The proposed research aims are: Aim 1: Test whether IBUD reduces basal negative affect in abstinence, and blunts alcohol-related negative reinforcement. It is hypothesized that IBUD will reduce basal levels of negative affect during alcohol abstinence, and in so doing will interfere with alcohol-induced blunting of negative affectivity as captured during naturalistic drinking episodes. Aim 2: Test whether IBUD attenuates neural alcohol cue-reactivity. It is hypothesized that IBUD will reduce BOLD activation to alcohol cues in mesocorticolimbic reward circuitry. Aim 3: Test whether withdrawal-related dysphoria moderates the effects of IBUD. It is hypothesized that IBUD will alleviate basal negative affect, interfere with alcohol-induced negative reinforcement and attenuate BOLD activation to alcohol cues only among participants who experience dysphoria in withdrawal. Aim 4: Test whether neural activation to alcohol cues is predictive of drinking outcomes. It is hypothesized that individuals with higher mesocorticolimbic activation to alcohol cues will report more drinking in the week following the neuroimaging session.

    at UCLA

  • Ibudilast for the Treatment of Alcohol Use Disorder

    open to eligible people ages 18-65

    This study is a double-blind, placebo-controlled randomized clinical trial of IBUD (50mg BID) for the treatment of Alcohol Use Disorder (AUD). Eligible participants will undergo a 12-week medication treatment period and 5 in-person visits over 16 weeks.

    at UCLA

  • Topiramate and Prolonged Exposure

    open to eligible people ages 18 years and up

    Alcohol use disorder (AUD) and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) frequently co-occur, and having both disorders is associated with greater psychological and functional impairment than having either disorder alone. The most effective PTSD treatment, prolonged exposure (PE) is sometimes less effective when individuals also have AUD. Anti-relapse medication appears promising to improve the effectiveness of PE to help individuals reduce alcohol use and PTSD symptoms and improve functioning. This study compares PE with and without topiramate, a medication shown to both reduce drinking and PTSD symptoms, with the hypothesis that combined PE and topiramate will be more effective than PE and placebo. The aim of this grant is to improve treatment outcomes for Veterans with AUD and PTSD.

    at UCSD

  • Treatment for Comorbid Social Anxiety and Alcohol Use Disorders.

    open to eligible people ages 18-65

    Alcohol use disorders (AUD) and social anxiety disorder (SAD) are highly comorbid and associated with significant impairment. Social anxiety comorbidity is associated with poorer addiction treatment engagement and outcomes. Thus, addressing underlying SAD symptoms that may lead to and maintain alcohol problems, as well as undermine successful treatment for AUD, is warranted. This proposal aims to develop and evaluate a fully integrated outpatient program for comorbid SAD and AUD that weaves evidence-based treatment for SAD (i.e., exposure-based cognitive behavioral therapy) into a traditional, evidence-based treatment for AUD. First, the investigators will develop the protocol for the fully integrated treatment (FIT). The overarching goal of FIT will be to simultaneously deliver AUD and SAD treatment. Development will be an iterative process guided by previous research (including our own), and by input from clinicians, administrators, and patients in an outpatient substance use disorder treatment clinic. After the protocol is developed, the investigators will use their established clinician training procedures to train clinicians at their community partnered clinic to competently deliver the intervention. After protocol development and clinician training, the investigators will conduct a pilot randomized clinical trial (RCT) comparing the efficacy of our fully integrated treatment (FIT) for comorbid alcohol use and social anxiety disorders to usual care (UC) in the community substance use disorder specialty clinic. The goals of the RCT will be to gather data regarding acceptability, feasibility, and preliminary efficacy of the FIT protocol. The investigators will randomize treatment-seeking participants (N = 60) who have comorbid SAD and AUD. The investigators will assess treatment engagement, social anxiety outcomes, and alcohol use outcomes at baseline, 3-months, and 6-months from baseline. The investigators will also gather qualitative and quantitative acceptability data from patients after completing FIT, which may guide final refinements of FIT prior to testing in a larger-scale grant. The knowledge gained from this investigation has the potential to significantly improve the treatment of alcohol use disorders and make a significant public health impact. The focus on direct translation to community practice paradigms and the emphasis on full mental health and addiction treatment integration significantly advance the field.

    at UCLA

  • An Inflammatory Challenge Using Endotoxin

    Sorry, not yet accepting patients

    The study design consists of a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial of low dose endotoxin. The low dose endotoxin challenge induces a transient systemic inflammatory response with normalization of cytokine levels within hours. This "phasic" inflammation is distinct from chronic ("tonic") levels of inflammation that may be present with AUD. A total of 20 non-treatment seeking heavy drinking men and women and 20 light drinking healthy controls will participate in the study. Recruitment will be monitored to ensure the two groups are matched by gender. Eligible participants will be randomly assigned to receive a single I.V. infusion of either low dose endotoxin (0.8 ng/kg of body weight) or placebo (same volume of 0.9% saline solution) at the UCLA Outpatient Clinical and Translational Research Center (CTRC). All participants will complete an alcohol cue-exposure paradigm 2 hours post infusion, which is the time of expected peak cytokine response. Plasma levels of proinflammatory cytokines [i.e., Interleukin-6 (IL-6) and tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF- α)], mood, reward reactivity, and alcohol craving, will be assessed at baseline and then hourly for four hours post infusion.

    at UCLA

  • Brief Intervention for Alcohol Use Among Injured Patients

    Sorry, in progress, not accepting new patients

    The underlying hypothesis that providing brief interventions to individuals who engage in potentially harmful patterns of alcohol use will alter their drinking behavior and therefore avoid negative consequences. Specifically, this study aims to determine if brief interventions will: 1. Reduce the number of re-admissions and deaths due to injuries associated with alcohol consumption 2. Reduce the number of driving under the influence (DUI) arrests 3. Reduce harmful drinking behavior

    at UC Davis

  • ChangeGradients: Promoting Adolescent Health Behavior Change

    Sorry, not yet accepting patients

    As most adolescents visit a healthcare provider once a year, health behavior change interventions linked to clinic-based health information technologies hold significant promise for improving healthcare quality and subsequent behavioral health outcomes for adolescents (Baird, 2014, Harris, 2017). Recognizing the potential to leverage recent advances in machine learning and interactive narrative environments, the investigators are now well positioned to design health behavior change systems that extend the reach of clinicians to realize significant impacts on behavior change for adolescent preventive health. The proposed project centers on the design, development, and evaluation of a clinically-integrated health behavior change system for adolescents. CHANGEGRADIENTS will introduce an innovative reinforcement learning-based feedback loop in which adolescent patients interact with personalized behavior change interactive narratives that are dynamically personalized and realized in a rich narrative-centered virtual environment. CHANGEGRADIENTS will iteratively improve its behavior change models using policy gradient methods for Reinforcement Learning (RL) designed to optimize adolescents' achieved behavior change outcomes. This in turn will enable CHANGEGRADIENTS to generate more effective behavior change narratives, which will then lead to further improved behavior change outcomes. With a focus on risky behaviors and an emphasis on alcohol use, adolescents will interact with CHANGEGRADIENTS to develop an experiential understanding of the dynamics and consequences of their alcohol use decisions. The proposed project holds significant transformative potential for (1) producing theoretical and practical advances in how to realize significant impacts on adolescent health behavior change through novel interactive narrative technologies integrated with policy-based reinforcement learning, (2) devising sample-efficient policy gradient methods for RL that produce personalized behavior change experiences by integrating theoretically based models of health behavior change with data-driven models of interactive narrative generation, and (3) promoting new models for integrating personalized health behavior change technologies into clinical care that extend the effective reach of clinicians.

    at UCSF

  • Development of a Selective ALDH2 Inhibitor to Treat AUD

    Sorry, not yet accepting patients

    Alcohol use disorder (AUD) represents a highly prevalent, costly, and often untreated condition in the United States. Pharmacotherapy offers a promising avenue for treating AUD and for improving clinical outcomes for this debilitating disorder. While developing novel medications to treat AUD remains a high priority research area, there are major opportunities to refine the process of screening novel compounds. A promising novel pharmacology for AUD consists of the ANS-6637 compound which provides novel aldehyde dehydrogenase 2 (ALDH2) inhibition. Unlike disulfiram, a non-selective and irreversible ALDH2 and ALDH1 inhibitor, which produces an aversive flushing response, the oral ANS-6637 compound is a selective and reversible inhibitor of ALDH2 that attenuates the surge in dopamine (DA). Specifically, a preclinical study found that ANS-6637 blunted the surge of DA in ventral tegmental neurons without affecting the basal levels of DA in vivo in a rodent model of alcohol seeking behavior. In rodent models, selective and reversible ALDH2 inhibitors decrease alcohol seeking and taking, prevent operant self-administration, and block cue-induced reinstatement. These results suggest that ANS-6637 may be an effective treatment to reduce heavy drinking and suppress relapse in individuals with AUD. This is a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, dose response study of ANS-6637. A total of 75 men and women with current AUD will be randomly assigned to receive (a) ANS-6637 (200 mg), (b) ANS-6637 (600 mg), or (c) matched placebo for 7 days. On Day 4, participants will complete an fMRI task before and 45-minutes after a priming dose of alcohol (target Breath Alcohol Concentration (BrAC) of 0.03 g/dl). On Day 7 participants will return to the laboratory to complete an oral alcohol administration paradigm. The successful completion of this study will advance medications development for AUD by advancing the development of ANS-6637, a novel and promising compound for AUD.

    at UCLA

  • Effects of Tolcapone on Decision Making and Alcohol Intake in Alcohol Users

    Sorry, in progress, not accepting new patients

    The purpose of this study is to determine the effects of tolcapone on decision making and alcohol intake using a laboratory bar (on-site alcohol self-administration) in alcohol drinkers.

    at UCSF

  • Feasibility of Emergency Department Initiated Extended-Release Naltrexone for the Treatment of Alcohol Use Disorder

    Sorry, not yet accepting patients

    This is a phase 4, open-label, feasibility study of extended release naltrexone (Vivitrol, Alkermes Pharmaceutical), case management and tele-addiction medicine services for treatment of alcohol use disorders in the ED. Alcohol use contributes to a large number of emergency department (ED) visits and the rate of alcohol-related ED visits is increasing. There is evidence that this increase may be driven by a subset of patients who frequently visit the ED due to an underlying alcohol use disorder (AUD). The proposed study will assess the feasibility of implementing a multimodal treatment for AUD in the emergency department for 25 patients with AUD and frequent ED visits related to alcohol use. The rationale for including each component of the multimodal treatment is outlined below. Pharmacotherapy is recommended as the standard of care for alcohol use disorders. Of the four drugs approved by the FDA for treatment of alcohol use disorder, extended release naltrexone has been found to be superior at reducing healthcare utilization, increasing detoxification facility use, and reducing total cost. Fewer than 1 in 4 patients with AUD currently receives treatment with an FDA approved agent and use of these drugs in EDs is virtually non-existent. In addition to higher rates of alcohol and substance use, patients who frequently visit the ED often suffer from multiple medical, mental health, and social problems that influence their health. Providing such patients with case management services has shown promise in improving health related outcomes while curbing ED utilization and healthcare costs. Limited access to substance use and mental health services is a significant barrier to receiving treatment, and large disparities exist in access to care based on income level. Telemedicine is the remote diagnosis and treatment of patients via interactive telecommunication equipment. It has been used effectively to improve access to mental health care in a variety of patient populations, including in the ED. The primary hypothesis is that this multimodal treatment will reduce ED visits related to alcohol use. ED utilization in the 12 months before and after initiating treatment will be compared evaluate treatment efficacy.

    at UCSF

  • Oxytocin on Approach Bias and Craving

    Sorry, not yet accepting patients

    This will be a laboratory-based investigation of the behavioral and neural effects of intranasal oxytocin on craving for alcohol and approach bias in moderate to heavy alcohol using subjects. This study uses a within-subject, randomized, placebo-controlled, counterbalanced, crossover design to compare the effects oxytocin and placebo. In this way, all subjects will be scanned twice; once following oxytocin administration and once following placebo administration, and will complete a series of behavioral tasks (both in and out of the scanner) at both visits.

    at UCSF

  • Resolving Psychological Stress

    Sorry, in progress, not accepting new patients

    The investigators have developed a mobile app called Resolving Psychological Stress (REPS) to help alleviate symptoms of PTSD. The app will administer threat-related attention bias modification to individuals who have both a Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders V (DSM-V) diagnosis of PTSD (and meet at least one DSM-V criteria for threat sensitivity) and a DSM-V diagnosis of Alcohol Use Disorder. The aims of the study are to explore both the feasibility and acceptability of the app with it's users, and to explore the efficacy of the app at alleviating PTSD severity.

    at UCSF

  • Say When: Targeting Heavy Alcohol Use With Naltrexone Among MSM

    Sorry, in progress, not accepting new patients

    This is a double-blind, placebo-controlled trial of 120 binge-drinking MSM to 12 weeks of naltrexone 50mg, to be taken in anticipation of heavy drinking. Ethnically and racially diverse participants will be recruited using Respondent Driven Sampling as well as active field recruitment. MSM will be seen weekly for alcohol-metabolite urine testing, study drug dispensing, and brief counseling for alcohol use. Safety assessments and behavioral surveys will be completed monthly.

    at UCSF

  • The HOLIDAY (HOw ALcohol InDuces Atrial TachYarrhythmias) Study

    Sorry, in progress, not accepting new patients

    Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most common sustained arrhythmia in the United States and it has been associated with ethanol use. Understanding how ethanol affects the electrical properties of the heart and induces AF has important public health implications. The objective of this research is to investigate the mechanistic relationship between ethanol and atrial fibrillation in humans by performing a placebo controlled study looking at the electrical properties of the heart in patients receiving intravenous ethanol or placebo. The investigators hypothesize that ethanol increases the susceptibility of human myocardium to atrial fibrillation through electrophysiologic changes in the atrial myocardium in the acute setting.

    at UCSF

Last updated: