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Alcohol Use clinical trials at UC Health
21 in progress, 10 open to new patients

  • A Controlled Trial of Topiramate Treatment for Alcohol Dependence in Veterans With PTSD

    open to eligible people ages 18-65

    The goal of this project is to improve the treatment of veterans with co-occurring alcohol dependence and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). The PI and co-investigators will conduct a controlled clinical trial of topiramate for the treatment of these co-occurring disorders.

    at UCSF

  • Combining Varenicline and Naltrexone for Smoking Cessation

    open to eligible people ages 21-65

    This study is a double-blind, randomized clinical trial using a two group medication design consisting of the combination of VAR (1 mg twice daily) + NTX (50 mg once daily) and VAR (1 mg twice daily) + PLA (matched to NTX), for smoking cessation in a sample of heavy drinking daily smokers who want to quit smoking and reduce drinking.

    at UCLA

  • Ibudilast and Withdrawal-Related Dysphoria

    open to eligible people ages 21-45

    Alcohol use disorder (AUD) is a prevalent and disabling psychiatric disorder with few, and only moderately efficacious, treatment options. Consequently, the identification of novel treatment targets and the development of rigorous laboratory paradigms to screen and optimize novel therapeutics represents a research priority. Ibudilast (IBUD) is a neuroimmune modulator that inhibits phosphodiesterase-4 and -10 and macrophage migration inhibitory factor. Recently in an AUD sample, IBUD was shown to decrease reactivity to a psychological stressor. Furthermore, IBUD was effective in blunting alcohol reward among participants with greater depressive symptoms, a hallmark symptom of protracted withdrawal. Recently, preclinical research in opiates has demonstrated that drug withdrawal is necessary for microglia activation and neuroinflammation in reward networks, suggesting that IBUD may be most effective among patients who experience withdrawal-related dysphoria. Therefore, this proposed study aims to examine withdrawal-related dysphoria as a moderator of IBUD efficacy in the natural environment measured using Daily Diary Assessment (DDA) approaches. To accomplish this aim, participants meeting criteria for AUD and balanced on the presence of withdrawal-related dysphoria will be enrolled in a double-blinded IBUD trial including consisting of two weeks randomized to medication and DDA assessment. The proposed research aims are: Aim 1: Test whether IBUD reduces basal negative affect in abstinence, and blunts alcohol-related negative reinforcement. It is hypothesized that IBUD will reduce basal levels of negative affect during alcohol abstinence, and in so doing will interfere with alcohol-induced blunting of negative affectivity as captured during naturalistic drinking episodes. Aim 2: Test whether IBUD attenuates neural alcohol cue-reactivity. It is hypothesized that IBUD will reduce BOLD activation to alcohol cues in mesocorticolimbic reward circuitry. Aim 3: Test whether withdrawal-related dysphoria moderates the effects of IBUD. It is hypothesized that IBUD will alleviate basal negative affect, interfere with alcohol-induced negative reinforcement and attenuate BOLD activation to alcohol cues only among participants who experience dysphoria in withdrawal. Aim 4: Test whether neural activation to alcohol cues is predictive of drinking outcomes. It is hypothesized that individuals with higher mesocorticolimbic activation to alcohol cues will report more drinking in the week following the neuroimaging session.

    at UCLA

  • Ibudilast for the Treatment of Alcohol Use Disorder

    open to eligible people ages 18-65

    This study is a double-blind, placebo-controlled randomized clinical trial of IBUD (50mg BID) for the treatment of Alcohol Use Disorder (AUD). Eligible participants will undergo a 12-week medication treatment period and 5 in-person visits over 16 weeks.

    at UCLA

  • Motivational Interviewing and Culture for Urban Native American Youth (MICUNAY)

    open to eligible people ages 14-18

    The investigators plan to develop and test a new alcohol and other drug (AOD) intervention for urban AI/AN youth, "Motivational Interviewing and Culture for Urban Native American Youth (MICUNAY)." This intervention integrates tradition-based activities and motivational interviewing (MI). The investigators will intervene at both the community and individual level. At the individual level, they will provide MICUNAY to adolescents. At the community level, they will provide discussion of AOD prevention at Community Wellness Gatherings (CWG). This work is important because they will gain an understanding of how well a tradition-based healing program that integrates MI works to prevent AOD use among urban AI/AN youth.

    at UCLA

  • Say When: Targeting Heavy Alcohol Use With Naltrexone Among MSM

    open to eligible males ages 18-70

    This is a double-blind, placebo-controlled trial of 120 binge-drinking MSM to 12 weeks of naltrexone 50mg, to be taken in anticipation of heavy drinking. Ethnically and racially diverse participants will be recruited using Respondent Driven Sampling as well as active field recruitment. MSM will be seen weekly for alcohol-metabolite urine testing, study drug dispensing, and brief counseling for alcohol use. Safety assessments and behavioral surveys will be completed monthly.

    at UCSF

  • The HOLIDAY (HOw ALcohol InDuces Atrial TachYarrhythmias) Study

    open to eligible people ages 21-81

    Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most common sustained arrhythmia in the United States and it has been associated with ethanol use. Understanding how ethanol affects the electrical properties of the heart and induces AF has important public health implications. The objective of this research is to investigate the mechanistic relationship between ethanol and atrial fibrillation in humans by performing a placebo controlled study looking at the electrical properties of the heart in patients receiving intravenous ethanol or placebo. The investigators hypothesize that ethanol increases the susceptibility of human myocardium to atrial fibrillation through electrophysiologic changes in the atrial myocardium in the acute setting.

    at UCSF

  • Topiramate and Prolonged Exposure

    open to eligible people ages 18 years and up

    Alcohol use disorder (AUD) and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) frequently co-occur, and having both disorders is associated with greater psychological and functional impairment than having either disorder alone. The most effective PTSD treatment, prolonged exposure (PE) is sometimes less effective when individuals also have AUD. Anti-relapse medication appears promising to improve the effectiveness of PE to help individuals reduce alcohol use and PTSD symptoms and improve functioning. This study compares PE with and without topiramate, a medication shown to both reduce drinking and PTSD symptoms, with the hypothesis that combined PE and topiramate will be more effective than PE and placebo. The aim of this grant is to improve treatment outcomes for Veterans with AUD and PTSD.

    at UCSD

  • Treatment for Comorbid Social Anxiety and Alcohol Use Disorders.

    open to eligible people ages 18-65

    Alcohol use disorders (AUD) and social anxiety disorder (SAD) are highly comorbid and associated with significant impairment. Social anxiety comorbidity is associated with poorer addiction treatment engagement and outcomes. Thus, addressing underlying SAD symptoms that may lead to and maintain alcohol problems, as well as undermine successful treatment for AUD, is warranted. This proposal aims to develop and evaluate a fully integrated outpatient program for comorbid SAD and AUD that weaves evidence-based treatment for SAD (i.e., exposure-based cognitive behavioral therapy) into a traditional, evidence-based treatment for AUD. First, the investigators will develop the protocol for the fully integrated treatment (FIT). The overarching goal of FIT will be to simultaneously deliver AUD and SAD treatment. Development will be an iterative process guided by previous research (including our own), and by input from clinicians, administrators, and patients in an outpatient substance use disorder treatment clinic. After the protocol is developed, the investigators will use their established clinician training procedures to train clinicians at their community partnered clinic to competently deliver the intervention. After protocol development and clinician training, the investigators will conduct a pilot randomized clinical trial (RCT) comparing the efficacy of our fully integrated treatment (FIT) for comorbid alcohol use and social anxiety disorders to usual care (UC) in the community substance use disorder specialty clinic. The goals of the RCT will be to gather data regarding acceptability, feasibility, and preliminary efficacy of the FIT protocol. The investigators will randomize treatment-seeking participants (N = 60) who have comorbid SAD and AUD. The investigators will assess treatment engagement, social anxiety outcomes, and alcohol use outcomes at baseline, 3-months, and 6-months from baseline. The investigators will also gather qualitative and quantitative acceptability data from patients after completing FIT, which may guide final refinements of FIT prior to testing in a larger-scale grant. The knowledge gained from this investigation has the potential to significantly improve the treatment of alcohol use disorders and make a significant public health impact. The focus on direct translation to community practice paradigms and the emphasis on full mental health and addiction treatment integration significantly advance the field.

    at UCLA

  • Treatment of Asian Flushing Syndrome With Topical Alpha Agonists

    open to eligible people ages 21 years and up

    Asian Flushing Syndrome (AFS) is a genetic disease affecting approximately 70% of patients of East Asian descent characterized by severe flushing with minimal ethanol consumption. This reaction is cosmetically unattractive and socially limiting. Many Asian patients avoid drinking alcohol on dates, at weddings, and during business events because of this reaction and the perception of being drunk or alcoholic. Ethanol is normally metabolized to acetic acid by two enzymes. The first enzyme, alcohol dehydrogenase (ADH) converts ethanol to acetaldehyde. The second enzyme, aldehyde dehydrogenase 2 (ALDH2) converts the toxic acetaldehyde to harmless acetic acid. When ADH function is increased or ALDH2 function is decreased, the toxic intermediate acetaldehyde accumulates resulting in cutaneous flushing. Over 70% of East Asians have genetic polymorphisms in either ADH or ALDH2 leading to intense flushing with ethanol consumption. There are no effective topical treatments for the Asian Flushing Syndrome. Oral antihistamines have been used with some success in treating symptoms of Asian Flushing Syndrome; however these can have sedating effects and may be dangerous in combination with alcohol. Brimonidine is a selective α2-adrenoceptor agonist that acts through vasoconstriction and is commercially available in a topical gel. This topical treatment is FDA approved for the indication of facial flushing and has a long history of safety in human subjects.

    at UCSF

  • AABM to Decrease Problem Drinking and Impulsivity in Veterans With AUD: A Pilot Study

    Sorry, in progress, not accepting new patients

    The proposed study is a pilot prospective, parallel groups, randomized, double blind, sham training-controlled, 9-session (over 3 weeks) clinical trial of AABM in 32 male and female veterans entering treatment for AUD at the VA Medical Center at San Francisco, California, between ages 18-65. The study consists of screening, 3-week AABM training, Week-4 post-test, and Week-12 follow-up. Assessment of inhibitory control, alcohol approach bias and craving will be administered at baseline and Week-4. Immediately following screening, patients will be randomly assigned to receive 9 sessions of real or sham AABM training (16 subjects each) taking place over three weeks. Following the 3 weeks of training, patients will complete a Week-4 post-test which includes assessment of alcohol approach bias, inhibitory control, and craving and a Week-12 follow-up assessing drinking behavior.

    at UCSF

  • Addressing Heavy Alcohol Use Consumption With Kudzu

    Sorry, not yet accepting patients

    Drinking multiple alcoholic drinks on a single occasion (binge drinking), has many negative health risks but interventions to address this behavior remain limited. This double-blind, placebo-controlled randomized clinical trial will test whether kudzu, an herbal supplement, can reduce heavy alcohol use and alcohol-associated sexual behaviors among sexually-active, binge-drinking individuals at high risk for HIV infection.

    at UCSF

  • Behavior and Driving Safety Study

    Sorry, in progress, not accepting new patients

    The purpose of this study is to determine whether brief motivational interviews reduce the likelihood of driving under the influence of alcohol (DUI).

    at UC Davis

  • Brief Intervention for Alcohol Use Among Injured Patients

    Sorry, in progress, not accepting new patients

    The underlying hypothesis that providing brief interventions to individuals who engage in potentially harmful patterns of alcohol use will alter their drinking behavior and therefore avoid negative consequences. Specifically, this study aims to determine if brief interventions will: 1. Reduce the number of re-admissions and deaths due to injuries associated with alcohol consumption 2. Reduce the number of driving under the influence (DUI) arrests 3. Reduce harmful drinking behavior

    at UC Davis

  • Continuing Care Following Drug Abuse Treatment: Linkage With Primary Care

    Sorry, in progress, not accepting new patients

    This component of a larger Center of Research Excellence Grant improves treatment for drug abuse by developing effective linkages between specialty drug treatment and primary health care.

    at UCSF

  • Effects of Tolcapone on Decision Making and Alcohol Intake in Alcohol Users

    Sorry, not currently recruiting here

    The purpose of this study is to determine the effects of tolcapone on decision making and alcohol intake using a laboratory bar (on-site alcohol self-administration) in alcohol drinkers.

    at UCSF

  • Helping patients return to normal life after trauma surgery

    “This study will recognize and help with physical and emotional post-injury concerns.”

    Sorry, not currently recruiting here

    The overarching goal of this UH2-UH3 proposal is to work with the NIH Health Care Systems Research Collaboratory to develop and implement a large scale, cluster randomized pragmatic clinical trial demonstration project that directly informs national trauma care system policy targeting injured patients with presentations of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) and related comorbidity. Each year in the United States (US), over 30 million individuals present to trauma centers, emergency departments, and other acute care medical settings for the treatment of physical injuries. Multiple chronic conditions including enduring PTSD, alcohol and drug use problems, depression and associated suicidal ideation, pain and somatic symptom amplification, and chronic medical conditions (e.g., hypertension, coronary artery disease, diabetes, and pulmonary diseases) are endemic among physical trauma survivors with and without traumatic brain injuries (TBI). Evidence-based, collaborative care/care management treatment models for PTSD and related comorbidities exist. These care management models have the potential to be flexibly implemented in order to prevent the development of chronic PTSD and depressive symptoms, alcohol use problems, and enduring physical disability in survivors of both TBI and non-TBI injuries; care management models may also be effective in mitigating the impact of the acute injury event on symptom exacerbations in the large subpopulation of injury survivors who already carry a substantial pre-injury burden of multiple chronic medical conditions.

    at UC Davis UCLA

  • Minocycline for Alcohol Use Disorder

    Sorry, not yet accepting patients

    The objective of this proposal is to advance medication development for alcohol use disorder by examining the efficacy and mechanisms of action of minocycline, a neuroimmune modulator, as a potential treatment. This study has important clinical implications, as the available treatments for alcohol use disorder are only modestly effective and testing novel medications is a high research priority.

    at UCLA

  • New Treatment for Alcohol and Nicotine Dependence

    Sorry, not currently recruiting here

    This research study aims to test whether topiramate (a drug that is being used for seizure) will help individuals who have problems with both alcohol and nicotine. The investigators believe that individuals taking topiramate will be more successful at abstaining from both alcohol and nicotine than individuals taking placebo.

    at UCSD

  • Oxytocin Suppresses Substance Use Disorders Associated With Chronic Stress

    Sorry, accepting new patients by invitation only

    The purpose of this study is to determine whether oxytocin will decrease craving to use drugs/alcohol and stress reactivity following exposure to laboratory-induced stress among Active Duty Service Members with a dual diagnosis of alcohol/substance use disorder (ASUD) and post-traumatic anxiety.

    at UCSF

  • Smoking Tobacco and Drinking Study

    Sorry, in progress, not accepting new patients

    This trial will test the efficacy of a 3-month intervention on Facebook targeting tobacco use and heavy episodic drinking against a 3-month Facebook intervention targeting tobacco use. Both groups will be offered a nicotine patch starter kit. The primary outcome is verified 7-day point prevalence abstinence from smoking at 3, 6, and 12 months.

    at UCSF

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