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Cognitive Decline clinical trials at UC Health
6 in progress, 5 open to eligible people

  • A Study of High-dose Vitamin D Supplement in Older Adults

    “There is evidence that low Vitamin D levels are linked with increased risk of dementia and Alzheimer's disease (AD).”

    open to eligible people ages 65-90

    This Phase II randomized clinical trial aims to test if supplementation with high dose oral vitamin D will successfully correct vitamin D insufficiency, compared to treatment with standard (RDA) dose vitamin D in a diverse community-based elderly cohort. The effect of high-dose vs. standard-dose vitamin D on altering cognitive trajectories will also be assessed and data will be expected to be used in designing a potential definitive Phase III trial in elderly groups at risk for dementia. A total of 180 elderly persons with longitudinal biomarkers, neuropsychological testing and brain MRI scans will be enrolled, with 152 (~50 with MCI, 50 with mild AD and 50 with no cognitive impairment) expected to complete the 3½-year study. One-half of each diagnostic group will be randomized to treatment with high-dose vitamin D3 (4,000 IU daily) or to standard dose Vitamin D (600 IU capsule daily + ~200 IU dietary = ~800 IU total/day). Longitudinal MRI analyses will provide an estimate of the treatment effect size on brain atrophy rate. Vitamin D receptor genotype polymorphisms and their impact on response to oral supplementation will also be examined. If vitamin D supplementation improves cognitive outcome, this could have a large impact on the public health, since low vitamin D status is a common, readably treatable condition which may provide a novel window to prevent dementia and AD. Furthermore, the higher prevalence of AD and dementia in African Americans and Latinos could be partially attributable to vitamin D insufficiency.

    at UC Davis

  • Computerized Cognitive Training in MS

    open to eligible people ages 18-60

    WHO: 40 participants with a confirmed diagnosis of Multiple Sclerosis (MS) able to engage in moderate physical activity. WHY: The purpose of this study is to evaluate two computerized brain training tools, which include light physical activity, to see if they can help improve cognitive functions, such as memory and attention, for patients with MS. WHAT: Complete a set of tests (physical and cognitive) at baseline, wear a Fitbit Flex device at home for the duration of the study, 3 supervised sessions for 4 weeks at UCSF, one visit for physical and cognitive tests at one week after the final supervised session, and one final visit 6 months after the final supervised session. WHERE: 20 participants at the UCSF Weill Institute for Neurosciences (675 Nelson Rising Lane, San Francisco, CA); 20 participants at Lausanne University Hospital (Rue du Bugnon 46, 1005 Lausanne, Switzerland)

    at UCSF

  • Exercise in Adults With Mild Memory Problems

    open to eligible people ages 65-89

    This study evaluates the effects of physical exercise on cognition, functional status, brain atrophy and blood flow, and cerebrospinal fluid biomarkers of Alzheimer's disease in adults with a mild memory impairment. Half of participants will participate in a stretching-balance-range of motion exercise program, while the other half will participate in a moderate/high aerobic training program.

    at UC Irvine

  • MRI and PET Biomarkers for Cognitive Decline in Older Adults

    open to eligible people ages 60-85

    The purpose of this research study is to understand the factors that underlie changes in thinking and memory with increasing age. The investigators will test the usefulness of MRI, PET, and cognitive testing in detecting subtle changes in the brain that precede cognitive decline. An addendum to this study includes additional PET scans to examine the relationship between tau protein in the brain and cognitive decline. Tau is a protein that is known to form tangles in the areas of the brain important for memory, and these tau tangles are a hallmark of Alzheimer's disease. This sub-study research aims to look at the tau accumulation in the brain using an investigational drug called MK-6240, which is a radio tracer that gets injected prior to a positron emission tomography (PET) scan.

    at UC Irvine

  • Remote Preconditioning Over Time To Empower Cerebral Tissue

    open to eligible people ages 40 years and up

    Previous studies in animals and humans has shown that brief periods of reduced blood flow to one organ or tissue in the body can help protect other tissues from subsequent injury caused by reduced blood flow such as a stroke. This phenomenon is known as remote ischemic preconditioning and may help protect brain cells after a stroke. The investigators are studying a specific stroke type called subcortical stroke that is very common and has a high rate of recurrent stroke and cognition problems despite intensive prevention measures.

    at UCLA

  • Extension Study of Intrathecal Enzyme Replacement for Cognitive Decline in MPS I

    Sorry, accepting new patients by invitation only

    This is a five-year extension study of the pilot study, "Intrathecal Enzyme Replacement for Cognitive Decline in MPS I". Participants must have completed the pilot study to participate in this study.

    at UCLA UCSF

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