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Cognitive Impairment clinical trials at University of California Health

12 in progress, 7 open to eligible people

Showing trials for
  • Biomarker Exploration in Aging, Cognition and Neurodegeneration

    open to eligible people ages 60-105

    The purpose of this research study is to understand the factors that underlie changes in thinking and memory with increasing age. The investigators will test the usefulness of MRI, PET, and cognitive testing in detecting subtle changes in the brain that precede cognitive decline. An addendum to this study includes additional PET scans to examine the relationship between tau protein in the brain and cognitive decline. Tau is a protein that is known to form tangles in the areas of the brain important for memory, and these tau tangles are a hallmark of Alzheimer's disease. This sub-study research aims to look at the tau accumulation in the brain using an investigational drug called MK-6240, which is a radio tracer that gets injected prior to a positron emission tomography (PET) scan.

    at UC Irvine

  • Carotid Revascularization and Medical Management for Asymptomatic Carotid Stenosis Trial - Hemodynamics (CREST-H)

    open to eligible people ages 35-86

    We aim to determine whether cognitive impairment attributable to cerebral hemodynamic impairment in patients with high-grade asymptomatic carotid artery stenosis is reversible with restoration of flow. To accomplish this aim CREST-H will add on to the NINDS-sponsored CREST-2 trial (parallel, outcome-blinded Phase 3 clinical trials for patients with asymptomatic high-grade carotid artery stenosis which will compare carotid endarterectomy plus intensive medical management (IMM) versus IMM alone (n=1,240), and carotid artery stenting plus IMM versus IMM alone (n=1,240) to prevent stroke and death). CREST-H addresses the intriguing question of whether cognitive impairment can be reversed when it arises from abnormal cerebral hemodynamic perfusion in a hemodynamically impaired subset of the CREST-2 -randomized patients. We will enroll 385 patients from CREST-2, all of whom receive cognitive assessments at baseline and yearly thereafter. We anticipate identifying 100 patients with hemodynamic impairment as measured by an inter-hemispheral MRI perfusion "time to peak" (TTP) delay on the side of stenosis. Among those who are found to be hemodynamically impaired and have baseline cognitive impairment, the cognitive batteries at baseline and at 1 year will determine if those with flow failure who are randomized to a revascularization arm in CREST-2 will have better cognitive outcomes than those in the medical-only arm compared with this treatment difference for those who have no flow failure. We hypothesize that hemodynamically significant "asymptomatic" carotid disease may represent one of the few examples of treatable causes of cognitive impairment. If cognitive decline can be reversed in these patients, then we will have established a new indication for carotid revascularization independent of the risk of recurrent stroke.

    at UCLA UCSD UCSF

  • Cognitive Training for Cancer Related Cognitive Impairment in Breast Cancer Survivors

    open to eligible people ages 18-100

    This Phase III trial will examine the efficacy of computerized cognitive training methods on perceived cognitive impairment in breast cancer survivors.

    at UC Davis

  • Napping, Sleep, Cognitive Decline and Risk of Alzheimer's Disease

    open to eligible people ages 65 years and up

    This study aimed to pilot test a non-pharmacological (behavioral) treatment program targeting improved cognition through improving 24-h sleep-wake cycle in people with mild cognitive impairment (MCI) or mild Alzheimer's disease. A treatment program incorporating bright light therapy and a modified cognitive behavioral therapy for insomnia will be developed to address 24-hour patterns of sleep. We will then pilot test its feasibility and explore its preliminary effects on improving sleep/napping and cognition in patients with MCI or mild Alzheimer's disease.

    at UCSF

  • Biomarkers for Vascular Contributions to Cognitive Impairment and Dementia Consortium

    open to eligible people ages 60-90

    Biomarkers for Vascular Contributions to Cognitive Impairment and Dementia (MarkVCID) is an NIH-funded consortium dedicated to finding biomarkers involved in age-related thinking and memory problems. Alzheimer's disease and other dementias leave signatures on brain scans or in the blood called biomarkers. The MarkVCID study will measure a panel of candidate biomarkers in 1800 participants and watch them closely to see what they tell us about changes in brain function and risk of memory loss. Age-related problems in thinking and memory represent some of the greatest risks to public health in the US and globally. Diseases that affect small blood vessels in the brain have been shown to be major contributors to these changes. However, research and patient care can be held back by limited biomarkers that identify who should be treated. The MarkVCID Consortium includes 17 US medical centers, a Coordinating Center, an External Advisory Committee, and NIH leadership. Data and biospecimens collected as part of this research study will be stored in a research database and biorepositories, so that researchers can use this information to study brain function.

    at UC Davis UCLA UCSF

  • Brain Health in Breast Cancer Survivors

    open to eligible females ages 35-65

    Endocrine therapy (ET) is widely used to treat hormone receptor positive breast cancer and prevent recurrence by downregulating estrogen function. However, ETs readily cross the blood brain barrier and interfere with the action of estrogen in the brain. Estrogen supports cognition and menopausal status is closely linked to cognitive health in women. This has raised concern that anti-estrogen ETs may affect cognition and brain health in breast cancer survivors. However, evidence across existing studies is inconsistent and these effects remain poorly understood. The incomplete understanding of the effects of ET are likely due to limitations of earlier studies - namely, the under-appreciation of the role of menopausal status and insensitivity of standard cognitive measures. This research project will address these earlier limitations by specifically comparing ET effects by menopausal status, and using highly sensitive, task-related functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) measures to assess the effects of ET on brain function.

    at UCLA

  • Quality Improvement and Clinical Utility PrecivityAD2(TM) Clinician Survey

    open to eligible people ages 55 years and up

    There is a major unmet need for timely, non-invasive, and low-burden evaluation of patients presenting with mild cognitive impairment (MCI) and dementia. MCI impacts 12-18% of people in the United States over age 60 years (Alzheimer's Association. Mild Cognitive Impairment (MCI) available at https://www.alz.org/alzheimers-dementia/what-is-dementia/related_conditions/mild-cognitive-im pairment. Accessed August 16, 2022). MCI does not substantially interfere with daily activities, although complex functional tasks may be performed less efficiently (Knopman DS, Petersen RC. Mild cognitive impairment and mild dementia: a clinical perspective. Mayo Clin Proc. 2014;89(10):1452-1459. doi:10.1016/j.mayocp.2014.06.019). Approximately 30% of MCI patients have Alzheimer's disease (AD) as a cause of their symptoms (Lopez,OL, Kuller LH, Becker JT, et al. Incidence of dementia in mild cognitive impairment in the cardiovascular health study cognition study. Arch Neurol. 2007;64(3):416-420.doi:10.1001/archneur.64.3.416)). In contrast, dementia is defined by chronic, acquired loss of two or more cognitive abilities caused by brain disease or injury, often associated with significant interference with the ability to function at work or at usual activities. (Knopman DS, Petersen RC. Mild cognitive impairment and mild dementia: a clinical perspective. Mayo Clin Proc. 2014;89(10):1452-1459. doi:10.1016/j.mayocp.2014.06.019). Approximately 60-80% of dementia patients have AD as a cause of their symptoms (Alzheimer's Association. Mild Cognitive Impairment (MCI) available at https://www.alz.org/alzheimers-dementia/what-is-dementia/related_conditions/mild-cognitive-im pairment. Accessed August 16, 2022).

    at UCSF

  • Brain Boosters 2 in Persons at Risk for Alzheimer's Disease: a Digital Application Supported Intervention

    Sorry, in progress, not accepting new patients

    The purpose of this research is to determine if training in memory support aids and healthy lifestyle activities (physical exercise, mentally stimulating activities and stress management) can have a positive effect on memory, thinking, and activities that people do every day. Participation in this study will involve being placed into one of two groups: a Self-Guided Intervention Group or a Structured Intervention Group. Both groups will be asked to attend group sessions in which they will be provided education on memory support strategies and lifestyle changes. The Structured Intervention Group will also be provided with an iPad and a digital application (called EMMA) to track their activity. Study participation involves a 6-month intervention and completing outcome measures at 4 different time points for up to a year.

    at UC Davis

  • Cannabis THC Potency, Metabolism, and Cognitive Impairment in Young Adults

    Sorry, not yet accepting patients

    The goal of this interventional study is to determine the impact of high potency THC product use on cognitive function of young adults aged 21-25. The main question it aims to answer is: will cannabis users who switch to less potent THC products demonstrate improved cognitive function compared to baseline? Other questions this study aims to answer include: - Can researchers accurately assess THC consumption among frequent cannabis users? - Can researchers effectively incentivize cannabis users to use less potent THC products? - Do genetic variations in THC metabolism impact urinary THC excretion? - Do genetic variations in THC metabolism impact cognitive performance in cannabis users? - Are quantitative urinary THC values predictive of cognitive impairment? - How can researchers use research findings to inform harm reduction practices for people who use cannabis? Participants will submit blood and urine samples and be incentivized to use less potent THC products.

    at UCSF

  • NAC on Preventing Chemo-Related Cognitive Impairments in Ovarian Ca Pts Treated W/ PBT

    Sorry, not yet accepting patients

    This is a phase I, dose-escalation and phase II dose-expansion clinical trial determining the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) and safety and tolerability of adding N-Acetyl-Cysteine (NAC) to ovarian cancer patients who are receiving a platinum-based therapy (PBT). This study will investigate whether NAC will mitigate chemotherapy-related cognitive impairment (CRCI).

    at UC Irvine

  • Blood Pressure on Cognition and Cerebral Hemodynamics in PD

    Sorry, not yet accepting patients

    The goal of clinical trial is to learn about how blood pressure fluctuations affect cognitive performance (thinking abilities) and brain blood flow in persons with Parkinson's disease with and without orthostatic hypotension (low blood pressure when standing). The main questions it aims to answer are: - Is there a certain level of blood pressure that correlates with change in cognitive performance while upright? - Is there a certain level of change in brain blood flow that correlates with change in cognitive performance when upright? - How does cognitive performance differ between persons with Parkinson's disease that have orthostatic hypotension and those without orthostatic hypotension? - How does cognitive performance differ between the supine (laying down) and upright positions? - How do blood pressure and brain blood predict changes in cognitive performance over two years? Participants in this study will undergo the following procedures: - Complete a screening visit with questionnaires, medical history, physical exam, and head-up tilt-table test. - Attend one baseline study visit, during which they will undergo a battery of computerized cognitive tests repeated twice: once while laying down and once while upright on a tilt table. Simultaneously, during the experiments we will measure blood pressure using a wrist-worn device and inflatable arm cuff and will measure brain blood flow using functional near-infrared spectroscopy (fNIRS), a non-invasive device that uses light sensors to detect changes in brain blood flow. - Attend one two-year follow-up visit, during which they will repeat a battery of computerized cognitive tests repeated twice: once while laying down and once while upright on a tilt table. During this visit, like before, we will measure blood pressure using a wrist-worn device and inflatable arm cuff and will measure brain blood flow using functional near-infrared spectroscopy (fNIRS). Researchers will compare participants with Parkinson's disease with and without orthostatic hypotension in the laying down and upright positions to see if there are changes in thinking abilities between these groups.

    at UCSD

  • Remimazolam for Cataract Surgery

    Sorry, not yet accepting patients

    The goal of this study is to assess any post operative cognitive changes following benzodiazepine administration during cataract surgery. The investigators will compare effects of Midazolam vs. Remimazolam on cognition at the time of discharge from the post operative care unit and the next day following surgery. Cognitive changes will be assessed by administration of Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA). Participants will: 1. Complete MoCA testing prior to surgery 2. Randomize in either Midazolam or study drug Remimazolam 3. Complete MoCA testing after surgery at the time of discharge in the post anesthesia care unit and the next day of surgery at the time of post operative surgical visit. 4. Complete Patient Satisfaction Survey at the time of discharge from the Post Anesthesia Care Unit (PACU)

    at UCLA

Our lead scientists for Cognitive Impairment research studies include .

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