Delirium clinical trials at UC Health
3 in progress, 1 open to new patients
“How can we reverse the effect of Benzodiazepine Toxicity? Help us discover some answers.”
open to eligible people ages 18 years and up
Delirium within the intensive care unit (ICU) is associated with poor outcomes such as increased mortality, ICU and hospital length of stay (LOS), and time on mechanical ventilation. Benzodiazepine (BZD) exposure is an independent risk factor for development of delirium. Reversal of hypoactive delirium represents a potential opportunity for reducing duration of delirium and subsequent complications. This is a single-center randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study of critically ill adult patients with benzodiazepine-associated hypoactive delirium. The hypothesis is that flumazenil continuous infusion reverses hypoactive delirium associated with BZD toxicity and thereby reduces duration of delirium and ICU LOS.
at UC Davis
The Impact of Ramelteon on Sleep and Delirium in Patients Who Undergo Pulmonary Thromboendarterectomy (PTE) Surgery
Sorry, accepting new patients by invitation only
Sleep deprivation is known to affect brain function but is often ignored in the sickest patients including those in the intensive care unit after major surgery. In these patients, the levels of melatonin can also be altered. Melatonin is a hormone secreted in the brain that maintains the body's sleep-wake, or circadian, cycle. The investigators want to test whether improving sleep quality affects the risk of developing confusion (delirium) in patients having clot removed from their lung (open heart surgery). In order to improve sleep quality, the investigators will conduct a study of Ramelteon, a medication that mimics the activity of melatonin and measure its effects on levels of melatonin and monitor sleep.
The MENDS2 Study, Maximizing the Efficacy of Sedation and Reducing Neurological Dysfunction and Mortality in Septic Patients With Acute Respiratory Failure
Sorry, not currently recruiting here
Ventilated ICU patients frequently have sepsis and the majority have delirium, a form of brain dysfunction that is an independent predictor of increased risk of dying, length of stay, costs, and prolonged cognitive impairment in survivors. Universally prescribed sedative medications—the GABA-ergic benzodiazepines—worsen this brain organ dysfunction. The available alternative sedation regimens, the shorter acting GABA-ergic propofol, and the alpha2 agonist, dexmedetomidine, have both been shown to be superior to benzodiazepines, and yet are different with regard to their effects on innate immunity, bacterial clearance, apoptosis, cognition and delirium. The MENDS2 study will compare propofol and dexmedetomidine, and determine the best sedative medication to reduce delirium and improve survival and long-term brain function in our most vulnerable patients— the ventilated septic patient.