Down Syndrome clinical trials at University of California Health
13 in progress, 9 open to eligible people
Blinatumomab in Combination With Chemotherapy in Patients With Newly Diagnosed B-Lymphoblastic Leukemia
open to eligible people ages up to 31 years
This phase III trial studies how well blinatumomab works in combination with chemotherapy in treating patients with newly diagnosed, standard risk B-lymphoblastic leukemia or B-lymphoblastic lymphoma with or without Down syndrome. Monoclonal antibodies, such as blinatumomab, may induce changes in the body's immune system and may interfere with the ability of cancer cells to grow and spread. Chemotherapy drugs, such as vincristine, dexamethasone, prednisone, prednisolone, pegaspargase, methotrexate, cytarabine, mercaptopurine, doxorubicin, cyclophosphamide, and thioguanine, work in different ways to stop the growth of cancer cells, either by killing the cells, by stopping them from dividing, or by stopping them from spreading. Leucovorin decreases the toxic effects of methotrexate. Giving monoclonal antibody therapy with chemotherapy may kill more cancer cells. Giving blinatumomab and combination chemotherapy may work better than combination chemotherapy alone in treating patients with B-ALL. This trial also assigns patients into different chemotherapy treatment regimens based on risk (the chance of cancer returning after treatment). Treating patients with chemotherapy based on risk may help doctors decide which patients can best benefit from which chemotherapy treatment regimens.
at UC Davis UCLA UCSF
open to eligible people ages 6-17
Children with Down syndrome (DS) have a 3-5 time greater prevalence of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) than typically developing (TD) children. Despite this higher risk of ADHD, rates of stimulant medication treatment are disproportionately low in children with DS+ADHD, even though stimulants are the most efficacious ADHD treatment and are recommended by consensus guidelines for use in children with intellectual disability and ADHD. The investigators propose the first randomized clinical trial (RCT) of stimulant medication in children with DS+ADHD. This RCT may provide evidence regarding the short- and long-term safety and efficacy of stimulant use in children with DS+ADHD, both with and without CHD. All children enrolled in the study will complete a comprehensive assessment battery evaluating ADHD diagnostic criteria, as well as behavioral, cognitive, academic, and functional impairments.
at UC Davis
Highest Dose of Uproleselan in Combination With Fludarabine and Cytarabine for Patients With Acute Myeloid Leukemia, Myelodysplastic Syndrome, or Mixed Phenotype Acute Leukemia Relapsed or Refractory and That Expresses E-selectin Ligand on the Cell Membrane
open to eligible people ages up to 17 years
This phase I trial tests the safety, side effects, and best dose of uproleselan in combination with fludarabine and cytarabine in treating patients with acute myeloid leukemia, myelodysplastic syndrome or mixed phenotype acute leukemia that has come back (relapsed) or does not respond to treatment (refractory) and that expresses E-selectin ligand on the cell membrane. Uproleselan binds to E-selectin expressed on endothelial cells of the bone marrow and prevents their interaction with selectin-E ligand-expressing cancer cells. This may prevent leukemia cells from being sequestered in the bone marrow niche and escaping the effect of chemotherapy. Chemotherapy drugs, such as fludarabine and cytarabine, work in different ways to stop the growth of cancer cells, either by killing the cells, by stopping them from dividing, or by stopping them from spreading. Giving uproleselan in combination with fludarabine and cytarabine may enhance their activity.
Pediatric Acute Leukemia (PedAL) Screening Trial - A Study to Test Bone Marrow and Blood in Children With Leukemia That Has Come Back After Treatment or Is Difficult to Treat - A Leukemia & Lymphoma Society and Children's Oncology Group Study
open to eligible people ages up to 22 years
This study aims to use clinical and biological characteristics of acute leukemias to screen for patient eligibility for available pediatric leukemia sub-trials. Testing bone marrow and blood from patients with leukemia that has come back after treatment or is difficult to treat may provide information about the patient's leukemia that is important when deciding how to best treat it, and may help doctors find better ways to diagnose and treat leukemia in children, adolescents, and young adults.
open to eligible people ages 6-40
This study attempts to learn more about the health of persons with Down syndrome after treatment for acute leukemia. Children with Down syndrome are at increased risk for side effects during treatment for acute leukemia, but it is unclear of their risk for long-term effects of cancer treatment. By learning more about the factors that may contribute to chronic health conditions and long-term effects after treatment for leukemia in persons with Down syndrome, clinical practice guidelines for survivorship care can be developed to help improve their quality-of-life.
open to eligible people ages 25 years and up
The primary objective is to characterize trajectories of change on the primary outcome measures in this study population through longitudinal collection of measures of cognition, function, behavior, and health status.
at UC Irvine UCSD
Pharmacokinetics, Pharmacodynamics, and Safety Profile of Understudied Drugs Administered to Children Per Standard of Care (POPS)
open to eligible people ages 0-20
The study investigators are interested in learning more about how drugs, that are given to children by their health care provider, act in the bodies of children and young adults in hopes to find the most safe and effective dose for children. The primary objective of this study is to evaluate the PK of understudied drugs currently being administered to children per SOC as prescribed by their treating provider.
open to eligible females ages 18 years and up
The specimen collection is designed for the purpose of the development of a noninvasive prenatal test for T21.
open to eligible people ages 25-55
The purpose of the Trial-Ready Cohort - Down Syndrome (TRC-DS) is to enroll 120 healthy adults with Down syndrome (DS), between the ages of 25-55, into a trial ready cohort (TRC), and up to 250 participants in total including co-enrolled in the Alzheimer Biomarkers Consortium - Down Syndrome (ABC-DS) study. Participants enrolled in the TRC-DS will undergo longitudinal cognitive and clinical assessment, genetic and biomarker testing, as well as imaging and biospecimen collection. Using these outcome measures, researchers will analyze the relationships between cognitive measures and biomarkers of Alzheimer's disease (AD) to identify endpoints for AD clinical trials in DS that best reflect disease progression. To learn more about the study and participating sites, visit our study website at: https://www.trcds.org/. TRC-DS is collaborating with the Alzheimer's Disease Biomarker Consortium-Down Syndrome (ABC-DS) to allow study participants to be concurrently enrolled in both ABC-DS and TRC-DS, referred to as "co-enrollment". ABC-DS is a longitudinal, observational research study that is overseen at University of Pittsburgh Coordinating Center. ABC-DS participants who express interest in potentially joining a clinical trial in the future and who meet TRC-DS eligibility criteria, may choose to co-enroll in TRC-DS at an ABC-DS Site. Co-enrolled participants will adhere to the ABC-DS protocol and schedule of activities, but agree to share their data with the TRC-DS team and to receive invitations for future participation in clinical trials. Fore more information on ABC-DS please visit https://www.nia.nih.gov/research/abc-ds or http://abcds.pitt.edu/.
at UC Irvine
Blinatumomab Alone to Blinatumomab With Nivolumab in Patients Diagnosed With First Relapse B-Cell Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia (B-ALL)
Sorry, currently not accepting new patients, but might later
This phase II trial studies the effect of nivolumab in combination with blinatumomab compared to blinatumomab alone in treating patients with B-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (B-ALL) that has come back (relapsed). Down syndrome patients with relapsed B-ALL are included in this study. Blinatumomab is an antibody, which is a protein that identifies and targets specific molecules in the body. Blinatumomab searches for and attaches itself to the cancer cell. Once attached, an immune response occurs which may kill the cancer cell. Nivolumab is a medicine that may boost a patient's immune system. Giving nivolumab in combination with blinatumomab may cause the cancer to stop growing for a period of time, and for some patients, it may lessen the symptoms, such as pain, that are caused by the cancer.
at UC Davis UCLA UCSF
Response-Based Chemotherapy in Treating Newly Diagnosed Acute Myeloid Leukemia or Myelodysplastic Syndrome in Younger Patients With Down Syndrome
Sorry, in progress, not accepting new patients
This phase III trial studies response-based chemotherapy in treating newly diagnosed acute myeloid leukemia or myelodysplastic syndrome in younger patients with Down syndrome. Drugs used in chemotherapy work in different ways to stop the growth of cancer cells, either by killing the cells, by stopping them from dividing, or by stopping them from spreading. Response-based chemotherapy separates patients into different risk groups and treats them according to how they respond to the first course of treatment (Induction I). Response-based treatment may be effective in treating acute myeloid leukemia or myelodysplastic syndrome in younger patients with Down syndrome while reducing the side effects.
at UC Davis UCLA UCSF
Risk-Adapted Chemotherapy in Treating Younger Patients With Newly Diagnosed Standard-Risk Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia or Localized B-Lineage Lymphoblastic Lymphoma
Sorry, in progress, not accepting new patients
This partially randomized phase III trial studies the side effects of different combinations of risk-adapted chemotherapy regimens and how well they work in treating younger patients with newly diagnosed standard-risk acute lymphoblastic leukemia or B-lineage lymphoblastic lymphoma that is found only in the tissue or organ where it began (localized). Drugs used in chemotherapy work in different ways to stop the growth of cancer cells, either by killing the cells, by stopping them from dividing, or by stopping them from spreading. Giving more than one drug (combination chemotherapy), giving the drugs in different doses, and giving the drugs in different combinations may kill more cancer cells.
at UC Davis UCLA UCSF
Sorry, accepting new patients by invitation only
This study is a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, crossover trial of extended-release liquid methylphenidate (XRMPH) to evaluate the sensitivity of the NIH Toolbox Cognition Battery (NIHTB-CB) to changes in cognition in children and adolescents ages 6 to 17 with intellectual disability (D) and comorbid Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD). The sample will include 68 males or females (expected male: female ratio of 1.8:1 with ID and ADHD as determined by structured diagnostic interview and Conners 3 scores. Additional inclusion criteria will include Full Scale IQ above 50 and mental age greater than or equal to 4 years. In addition, participants must be able to complete NIHTB-CB testing and provide valid scores at baseline. After baseline testing, participants will then be randomized to drug or placebo in a 1:1 ratio (N=34 per group) at the end of the baseline visit. XRMPH in oral suspension supplied as Quillivant XR in 5 mg/ml (Tris Pharma, Monmouth Junction, NJ) will be the active treatment. The XRMPH or matching placebo will be started at a dose of 0.3 mg/kg/day and individually titrated over two weeks. Phone calls at the end of weeks 1, 2, and 3 will be used to collect adverse event and response data. If there is no evidence of side effects and ongoing symptoms of ADHD, the dose will be increased to 0.5 mg/kg/day at one week and 0.7 mg/kg/day at 2 weeks (maximum dose of 60 mg per day consistent with FDA labeled use in youth). The Clinical Global Impression (CGI) will be used as a guide to define optimal dose. If side effects occur the dose will be reduced to the dose level at which there were no side effects. Final optimal dose will be established by the end of week 3 and this will be maintained for 2 weeks until 5 weeks post randomization, at which time the follow-up parent and teacher Conners scales, NIHTB-CB, Go/No-Go, and PedsQL will be completed. Participants will have a washout period of 1 week, will then complete re-assessment at the second baseline, and then will cross over to the other treatment (Quillivant to placebo; placebo to Quillivant), also in a double-blind fashion. In the second treatment arm, patients will have the same titration, monitoring and treatment periods as in the first arm, again followed by repeated assessments at the conclusion of 5 weeks. The accrual of participants and number of visits is shown in the Timeline per 6-month period.
at UC Davis