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Infertility clinical trials at UC Health
14 in progress, 9 open to new patients

  • Administration of FSH and Low Dose hCG for Oocyte Maturity While Decreasing hCG Exposure in IVF Cycles

    open to eligible females ages 18-41

    This is a randomized, double-blind, single center clinical trial study to compare the oocyte maturity, embryo development, and risk of ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome (OHSS) after receiving the standard dose of human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) ovulation trigger or a lower dose of hCG plus concomitant follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) co-trigger in women undergoing in vitro fertilization (IVF).

    at UCSF

  • Assessing Reproductive Outcomes in Young Female Cancer Survivors Through a National Fertility Preservation Registry

    open to eligible females ages 18-44

    The FIRST project is a national fertility preservation registry for young women facing cancer treatments. The investigators will examine how different cancers and treatments affect the reproductive health of young survivors. This prospective cohort study seeks to recruit young women close to time of cancer diagnosis and treatment. Participants will answer a yearly questionnaire on their current health. A subset of participants will provide dried blood spots to measure reproductive hormones. The primary goal of the study is to determine the risk of infertility and time to pregnancy in young female cancer survivors.

    at UCSD

  • Comparing Intra-vaginal Culture of Embryos to In-vitro Culture of Embryos With Minimal Stimulation

    open to eligible females ages 18-37

    The purpose of this study is to evaluate implantation rate with intra-vaginal culture with the INVOcell device versus traditional IVF while using minimal stimulation protocols

    at UCSF

  • Fertility Preservation Using Tamoxifen and Letrozole in Estrogen Sensitive Tumors Trial

    open to eligible females ages 18-50

    Iatrogenic infertility as a result of cancer treatment has a profound effect on long-term quality of life in survivors of reproductive-age cancers. Oocyte cryopreservation prior to cancer treatment has been associated with improved quality of life, with a potential ability to reduce long-term decision-related regret in cancer survivors. Though letrozole plus gonadotropin and and tamoxifen plus gonadotropin are currently routinely used worldwide in ovarian stimulation cycles for fertility preservation in patients with estrogen-receptor-positive breast cancer, it is not clear which of the two might lead to improved oocyte yield. Improved knowledge about the efficacy of these medications, with regard to oocyte yield, has the potential to significantly improve quality of life in reproductive-age breast cancer survivors.

    at UCSF

  • Media, Morphokinetics, and Mosaicism

    open to eligible females ages 18-42

    Embryonic aneuploidy is the underlying etiology for the majority of failed implantation and miscarriage. Preimplantation genetic screening (PGS) with transfer of a euploid embryo has been advocated as a strategy for increasing live birth rates with a single embryo transfer. Culturing embryos to the blastocyst stage for trophectoderm biopsy is a requirement for PGS. Several commercially-available single-step embryonic culture media with varying composition have been established for use in the IVF laboratory. Early reports have suggested differences in clinical outcomes, such as aneuploidy and miscarriage rates, with distinct culture media currently in standard use.1,2 However, there have been no clinical trials demonstrating the superiority of any one commercially-available culture media formulation. As a result, clinics use media with varying composition based upon familiarity and cost.

    at UCSF

  • Ovarian Reserve Testing in Female Young Adult Cancer Survivors

    open to eligible females ages 18-35

    Young adult cancer survivors constitute an under served population to whom fertility potential is particularly important. For female young adult patients, cancer treatment such as alkylating chemotherapy are toxic to the finite number of eggs they have, resulting in risks of infertility and premature menopause related to ovarian failure. Reproductive issues are a major concern for young cancer survivors, but one that is understudied. Young cancer survivors have few tools to measure post-treatment ovarian reserve, or the quantity and quality of remaining eggs4. Accurate determination of ovarian reserve and fertility potential would not only be an important research tool, but also directly impact clinical management. The purpose of this study is to test if basal and provocative ovarian reserve testing can predict return of menses in female young adult cancer survivors, to compare basal and provocative ovarian reserve testing results between female young adult cancer survivors and healthy controls, and to compare basal and provocative ovarian reserve testing results between female young adult cancer survivors on and off of combined estrogen and progesterone hormone products. Participants will be asked to keep track of their periods over three months. If a participant is taking birth control pills, patches, or vaginal ring, they will asked to come off the birth control for 3 months. Participants will also be asked to undergo ovarian reserve testing by blood draws and pelvic ultrasounds at the start and end of the 3 months.

    at UCSD

  • Sperm Selection by Microfluidic Separation Improves Embryo Quality in Patients With a History of Poor Embryo Quality

    open to eligible people ages 18-65

    This is a randomized controlled trial of couples with a history of poor embryo quality undergoing a repeat in vitro fertilization (IVF) cycle for unexplained infertility. Couples will be randomized to sperm selection by the clinical standard of centrifugation and density-gradient processing compared to the microfluidic sperm sorting chip.

    at UCSF

  • Studying the Physical Function and Quality of Life Before and After Surgery in Patients With Stage I Cervical Cancer

    open to eligible females ages 18 years and up

    This clinical trial studies the physical function and quality-of-life before and after surgery in patients with stage I cervical cancer. Studying quality-of-life in patients undergoing surgery for cervical cancer may help determine the intermediate-term and long-term effects of surgery.

    at UCSD UC Irvine UCLA

  • The PrISICE Clinical Trial (Pre-Implantation Screening and Investigation on the Cryopreservation of Embryos)

    open to eligible females ages 18-42

    The trial objective is to determine whether the deferred transfer of embryos following cryopreservation at the blastocyst stage following pre-implantation genetic screening (PGS-FET) improves live birthrates compared to both the deferred transfer of cryopreserved embryos without PGS (FET) and immediate transfer at the conclusion of a "fresh" in vitro fertilization (IVF) cycle (Fresh). Additionally, whether "freeze-only" (FET) improves live birth rates compared to "fresh" will be determined.

    at UCSF

  • Cisplatin and Radiation Therapy With or Without Carboplatin and Paclitaxel in Patients With Locally Advanced Cervical Cancer

    Sorry, in progress, not accepting new patients

    This randomized phase III trial studies how well giving cisplatin and radiation therapy together with or without carboplatin and paclitaxel works in treating patients with cervical cancer has spread from where it started to nearby tissue or lymph nodes. Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as cisplatin, carboplatin, and paclitaxel, work in different ways to stop the growth of [cancer/tumor] cells, either by killing the cells, by stopping them from dividing, or by stopping them from spreading. External radiation therapy uses high-energy x rays to kill tumor cells. Internal radiation uses radioactive material placed directly into or near a tumor to kill tumor cells. It is not yet known whether giving cisplatin and external and internal radiation therapy together with carboplatin and paclitaxel kills more tumor cells.

    at UC Irvine UC Davis UCLA

  • Genetic Epidemiology of Ovarian Aging

    Sorry, in progress, not accepting new patients

    The purpose of this study is to identify clinical and genetic markers of ovarian aging. In this process, we will evaluate environmental factors that may affect fertility and the age at which fertility declines, and may influence the age at which women enter menopause. Wide variability exists between women both in the age at which menopause occurs and the rate of decline in oocyte number and reproductive capability. As the loss of ovarian function has profound impact on women's hormonal milieu and their subsequent risk for the development of disease, improving our understanding of the factors that determine the timing and rate of reproductive aging is critical to improving quality of life for all women. In addition, improving our understanding of reproductive aging has profound economic, and social, implications given the complex choices women face regarding the timing of childbearing and the growing burden of infertility. While the inter-individual variability in age at menopause has a large genetic component and possible environmental influences, to date no studies have addressed the relationship between oocyte number as reflected by antral follicle count (AFC) and genetic inheritance. We hypothesize that ovarian aging, as reflected by antral follicle count, is largely determined by common genetic polymorphisms that impact the initial oocyte endowment and/or the rate of oocyte loss over time thus lowering antral follicle count for any given age. We further hypothesize that antral follicle count will be an improved marker of ovarian aging. Thus, we propose a study of the genetic and environmental factors that influence age-specific variability in antral follicle count.

    at UCSF

  • Improving Reproductive Fitness Through Pretreatment With Lifestyle Modification in Obese Women With Unexplained Infertility

    Sorry, in progress, not accepting new patients

    A two-arm, multicenter, prospective, randomized clinical trial of a lifestyle modification program with tracked increased physical activity and weight loss (intensive) compared to recommendations to tracking of increased physical activity alone with weight maintenance (standard) in women with obesity and unexplained infertility. This 16 week period of lifestyle modification will be followed by an open label empiric infertility treatment regimen consisting of three cycles of ovarian stimulation with oral medication (clomiphene citrate (CC)), triggering of ovulation with human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) and intrauterine insemination (IUI).

    at UCSF

  • Males, Antioxidants, and Infertility Trial

    Sorry, in progress, not accepting new patients

    The objective of the Males, Antioxidants, and Infertility (MOXI) Trial is to examine whether treatment of infertile males with an antioxidant formulation improves male fertility. The central hypothesis is that treatment of infertile males with antioxidants will improve sperm structure and function, resulting in higher fertilization rates and improved embryo development, leading to higher pregnancy and live birth rates. Findings from this research will be significant in that they will likely lead to an effective, non-hormonal treatment modality for male infertility. An effective treatment for men would also reduce the treatment burden on the female partner, lower costs, and provide effective alternatives to couples with religious or ethical contraindications to ART (Assisted Reproductive Technology). If antioxidants do not improve pregnancy rates, but do improve sperm motility and DNA integrity, they could allow for couples with male factor infertility to use less intensive therapies such as intrauterine insemination. Male fertility specialists currently prescribe antioxidants based on the limited data supporting their use. A negative finding, lack of any benefit, would also alter current treatment of infertile males.

    at UCSF

  • Micro RNA Profile in the Ovarian Follicle Fluid of Transgender Men

    Sorry, not yet accepting patients

    The effects of gender transitioning, particularly the effects of testosterone exposure in transgender men, on the oocyte and embryo development are largely unknown. Based on prior studies suggesting that the extracellular RNAs secreted by the ovarian follicle cells reflect the oocyte and embryo biological state, the investigators propose to use these extracellular RNAs to gain insights into the effects of testosterone exposure in transgender men on their oocyte and embryo without impacting the clinical IVF process.

    at UCSD

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