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Premature Birth clinical trials at University of California Health

17 in progress, 9 open to eligible people

Showing trials for
  • Delayed Cord Clamping With Oxygen In Extremely Low Gestation Infants

    open to all eligible people

    This study is being conducted to compare the incidence of preterm infants (up to 28+6 weeks GA) who achieve a peripheral oxygen saturation of 80 percent by 5 minutes of life (MOL) given mask CPAP/PPV with an FiO2 of 1.0 during DCC for 90 seconds (HI Group) to infants given mask CPAP/PPV with an FiO2 of .30 during DCC for 90 seconds (LO Group).

    at UC Davis

  • Early Caffeine and LISA Compared to Caffeine and CPAP in Preterm Infants

    open to all eligible people

    This study is being conducted to determine whether prophylactic administration of surfactant by the Less Invasive Surfactant Administration (LISA) method reduces the need for mechanical ventilation in the first 72 hours of life when compared to early Continuous Positive Airway Pressure (CPAP) alone.

    at UC Irvine

  • Engaging Mothers & Babies; Reimagining Antenatal Care for Everyone (EMBRACE) Study

    open to eligible females

    This is a randomized comparative effectiveness study of two forms of enhanced prenatal care among 2,600 Medi-Cal eligible pregnant women in Fresno, California. The goal is to see whether group prenatal care with wrap around services versus individual prenatal care supplemented by services covered by the California Department of Public Health Comprehensive Perinatal Services Program (CPSP) results in lower rates of preterm birth, less depression and anxiety, and more respectful and greater satisfaction with prenatal care.

    at UCSF

  • IBP-9414 for the Prevention of Necrotizing Enterocolitis - The Connection Study

    open to all eligible people

    IBP-9414 will be evaluated in preterm infants with a birth weight of 500-1500g, compared to placebo with regards to efficacy and safety in the prevention of necrotizing enterocolitis.

    at UCLA

  • The Milk, Growth and Microbiota Study

    open to all eligible people

    Late preterm infants, who are born at 34, 35 or 36 weeks gestation, often have difficulty feeding, establishing growth, and fighting off infection. Breastfeeding provides improved nutrition to help fight infection, in part because breast milk encourages the growth of healthy bacteria (microbiota) in the infant's intestine. However, when mothers give birth preterm, their breasts are usually not quite ready to make milk; it can take several days to have enough breast milk to match a baby's nutritional needs. If there is not yet enough breast milk, formula is often used. However, formula can interfere with the growth of healthy intestinal bacteria. An alternate nutritional option is donor milk from a certified milk bank, which is available in all neonatal intensive care units (NICUs) in San Francisco. However, no scientific studies have yet studied donor milk for late preterm infants, so currently all San Francisco NICUs (as well as the large majority of NICUs nationwide) reserve donor milk for infants born at <34 weeks. This study's investigators therefore propose the "Milk, Growth and Microbiota (MGM) Study," a randomized controlled trial to compare banked donor milk to formula for breastfeeding late preterm infants born in San Francisco. Once enrolled in MGM, infants will be randomly assigned to receive either formula or banked donor milk if they need additional nutrition until their mothers are making enough milk. After enrolling the babies, investigators will weigh them daily to assess their growth. The investigators will also collect infant bowel movements at baseline, 1 week and 1 month to determine whether donor milk vs. formula impacts the type of bacteria in the baby's intestine. If the study's results show that donor milk optimizes growth while helping establish healthy bacteria in the baby's intestine, donor milk might be postnatal strategy to bolster neonatal nutrition for late preterm infants.

    at UC Davis UCSF

  • The Periviable GOALS Decision Support Tool

    open to eligible people ages 18 years and up

    The Periviable GOALS (Getting Optimal Alignment around Life Support) decision support tool (DST) is meant to facilitate informed shared decision-making regarding neonatal resuscitation for families facing the threat of a periviable delivery (deliveries occurring between 22 0/7 - 25 6/7 weeks gestational age). It is designed for parents to review independent of their clinician, and is intended to supplement, not replace, clinician counseling. The focus of the DST is the provision of patient-centered outcomes information and assistance with values clarification regarding neonatal outcomes. This is a multisite, randomized controlled trial to test the effect of the Periviable GOALS DST on shared decision making and decision satisfaction. The investigators hypothesize that participants who utilize the GOALS DST will have improved shared decision making and higher decision satisfaction.

    at UCSF

  • Two Year Developmental Follow-up for PREMOD2 Trial (Premature Infants Receiving Milking or Delayed Cord Clamping)

    open to eligible people ages 22 months to 42 months

    An extension of the PREMOD2 trial, the PREMOD2 Follow-Up trial will evaluate the neurodevelopmental outcomes at 22-26 months corrected age of preterm children who received UCM or DCC. This prospective multi-national randomized controlled trial (RCT) is a two-arm parallel non-inferiority design of two alternative approaches of treatment.

    at UC Irvine UCSD

  • A Cohort Study of the Intestinal Microbiota of Premature Infants

    open to all eligible people

    Premature infants are at risk for a variety of diseases, the investigators would like to learn more about why some premature babies are at higher risk and some are protected from these diseases. Scientists at UC Davis and other universities have developed new ways to measure the bacteria and a large number of small molecules in specimens of infant blood, urine, stomach fluid and poop and in mother's milk. These discoveries allow us to consider questions that were impossible to answer before these new techniques were developed. One such question is whether the bacteria in the poop of a premature baby can help us predict the baby's risk for developing infection or a common and serious disease of premature infants called necrotizing enterocolitis. A second question is whether the DNA of a premature baby (obtained from saliva with a q-tip) can predict higher risk for diseases of premature babies.

    at UC Davis

  • Follow-up Visit of High Risk Infants

    open to eligible people ages 18 months to 26 months

    The NICHD Neonatal Research Network's Follow-Up study is a multi-center cohort in which surviving extremely low birth-weight infants born in participating network centers receive neurodevelopmental, neurosensory and functional assessments at 22-26 months corrected age (Infants born prior to July 1, 2012 were seen at 18-22 months corrected age). Data regarding pregnancy and neonatal outcome are collected prospectively. The goal is to identify potential maternal and neonatal risk factors that may affect infant neurodevelopment.

    at UCLA UCSD

  • A Clinical Efficacy and Safety Study of SHP607 in Preventing Chronic Lung Disease in Extremely Premature Infants

    Sorry, in progress, not accepting new patients

    The purpose of this study is to determine if an investigational drug can reduce the burden of chronic lung disease in extremely premature babies through 12 months corrected age (CA), as compared to extremely premature babies receiving standard neonatal care alone.

    at UCLA

  • Antenatal Chlamydia Trachomatis and Neisseria Gonorrhoeae Testing to Prevent Adverse Neonatal Consequences

    Sorry, in progress, not accepting new patients

    To assess the effectiveness of Chlamydia trachomatis (CT) and Neisseria gonorrhoeae (NG) testing and treatment during pregnancy to reduce adverse pregnancy and birth outcomes compared to the standard of care (treatment based on symptoms and signs).

    at UCSD

  • Applying Prechtl's Assessment of General Movements for Preterm Infants Through Telemedicine

    Sorry, in progress, not accepting new patients

    The investigators will implement a study to evaluate the hypothesis that applying General Movements Assessments (GMA) in a telemedicine setting with real-time scoring is feasible and comparable to scoring video recordings.

    at UC Davis

  • Hydrocortisone for BPD

    Sorry, in progress, not accepting new patients

    The Hydrocortisone and Extubation study will test the safety and efficacy of a 10 day course of hydrocortisone for infants who are less than 30 weeks estimated gestational age and who are intubated at 14-28 days of life. Infants will be randomized to receive hydrocortisone or placebo. This study will determine if hydrocortisone improves infants'survival without moderate or severe BPD and will be associated with improvement in survival without moderate or severe neurodevelopmental impairment at 22 - 26 months corrected age.

    at UCLA

  • Milk Volume Outcomes Following Oral Nicotinamide Riboside Supplementation in Mothers of Extremely Preterm Infants

    Sorry, not yet accepting patients

    Breastfeeding has well-established immunity and developmental benefits for newborns, yet mothers of preterm infants often struggle to provide sufficient breast milk. The investigators hypothesize that supplementing mothers of preterm infants with nicotinamide riboside (NR) during early postpartum will result in increased milk production. NR is a unique precursor to NAD+, which functions in whole-body metabolism, including that which supports the elevated energy demands of lactation. In lactating rats, NR supplementation improved milk quantity and quality, with metabolic benefits for the mother and lasting protective advantages for the offspring. No studies have been conducted to date that explore the short- or long-term use of NR for increasing milk supply in lactating women. This study will follow a small cohort of women and very preterm infants in the NICU throughout two intervention phases-- one in which each mother will randomly receive either NR or a placebo, then the opposite treatment-- to determine the effect of maternal NR supplementation on expressed milk volume and other markers of metabolism.

    at UC Davis

  • Prematurity Risk Assessment Combined With Clinical Interventions for Improving Neonatal outcoMEs

    Sorry, not currently recruiting here

    This prospective, randomized, controlled study evaluates the safety and efficacy of a preterm birth (PTB) prevention strategy versus standard of care pregnancy management to reduce the incidence of adverse pregnancy outcomes.

    at UCSD

  • Timing of Inguinal Hernia Repair in Premature Infants

    Sorry, in progress, not accepting new patients

    The purpose of this study is to determine whether early (before NICU discharge) or late (55-60 weeks post-menstrual age) inguinal hernia repair is safer for premature infants who have an inguinal hernia.

    at UCLA UCSD

  • Microbiome, Atopic Disease, Prematurity

    Sorry, in progress, not accepting new patients

    There is increasing recognition that the microbiome may be important in the development of allergic disease. Asthma is the most prevalent pediatric chronic disease and affects more than 300 million people worldwide. For unclear reasons, those infants born at 34 weeks and earlier are three times as likely to develop asthma. Factors such as formula feeding, C-section delivery and antibiotic exposure may play a role. Recent evidence has identified a "critical window" in early life where gut and breast milk microbial changes are most influential. The investigators propose a novel study to follow a cohort of premature babies in the NICU and after discharge home. The investigators aim to examine whether various exposures of babies in the NICU impact their milk and gut microbiome and lead to asthma and allergies. Our specific aims are: 1. To assess if there is a specific pattern of gut and/or breast milk microbiome over time that is affected by the type of nutrition a baby receives (donor vs maternal vs formula) or other exposures such as antibiotics. 2. Assess whether there are patterns in the microbiome associated with the development of allergic sensitization patterns. 3. Determine if early patterns of the microbiome and allergic sensitization predict allergic conditions (food allergies, allergic rhinitis, eczema, asthma) by 2 years of age. The investigators will recruit approximately 50 subjects born at 34 weeks of gestation or earlier from two local level III NICU. These subjects will be followed over their NICU course with weekly stool, milk feed, and oral saliva collection as well as documentation of relevant events including prenatal history, delivery history, nutrition and breast feeding history and antibiotic courses. Further samples will be collected after discharge at research visits that will take place Rady Children's Hospital until 4-6 years of age. At these visits, standardized allergy questionnaires and a blood allergy panel will be obtained. Together this data will provide a unique opportunity to identify potential shifts in the microbiome associated with nutrition, asthma and allergy in preterm infants. Ultimately, the investigators may be able to discover ways to prevent the development of asthma and allergies during this early window of opportunity.

    at UCSD

Our lead scientists for Premature Birth research studies include .

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