Summary

for males ages 18-35 (full criteria)
healthy people welcome
at UCLA
study started
estimated completion:
Michael Gandal (ucla)

Description

Summary

Autism spectrum disorders (ASD) are highly disabling, persistent neurodevelopmental disorders. There are no available treatments for core symptoms of ASD or biologically-based clinical biomarkers. Emerging evidence indicates that levels of brain inflammation are increased in ASD. In particular, recent work implicates hyperactivity of microglial cells, the resident immune cells of the brain. However, the functional consequences of microglial activation remain unknown. This study will measure microglial activation in ASD using positron emission tomography (PET) brain imaging. Adult males with ASD (n=15) and healthy controls (n=15) will be recruited for this study and undergo comprehensive clinical and behavioral baseline assessment. All subjects will then undergo baseline PET imaging using a radiotracer that labels activated microglia. Subjects with ASD will then undergo 12-week open label treatment with minocycline, an FDA-approved antibiotic thought to block microglial activation. PET imaging will be repeated at 12 weeks to confirm target engagement. A subset of control subjects will also undergo repeat PET imaging to determine test-retest reliability. During minocycline treatment, ASD subjects will be evaluated every 2 weeks for safety, clinical impression, behavioral functioning, and measures of cognition. Results will provide important information regarding the relationship between levels of brain inflammation, cognitive and behavioral function in ASD.

Official Title

Targeting Microglial Activation for Treatment of Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD): A Proof-of-Concept, Target-Engagement Study

Keywords

Autism Spectrum Disorder minocycline brain inflammation microglia cognition Autistic Disorder Child Development Disorders, Pervasive Encephalitis

Eligibility

You can join if…

Open to males ages 18-35

for participants with ASD

  1. Male with a diagnosis of ASD as defined by DSM-5, confirmed by clinical evaluation and ADOS-2.
  2. Age 18-35 years inclusive
  3. IQ estimate of >70 on VIQ or PIQ
  4. Capacity to consent to research
  5. Ability to comply with all protocol procedures and assessments
  6. Availability of an informant willing to provide information regarding subject behavior and health status (Note: Informant role requires a responsible adult with close,ongoing contact and knowledge of the subject; parent/caregiver acceptable, but not necessary for role)

You CAN'T join if...

for participants with ASD

  1. Evidence of current nicotine, drug, or alcohol abuse or dependence
  2. Presence of a chronic medical condition which would potentially influence the assessment of TSPO binding, or interact with study medication (eg. hepatic,neurologic, renal disease) to increase risk to the subject
  3. Presence of severe behavioral disturbance likely to require initiation of treatment during the course of the protocol
  4. Clinical judgment of the study physician of inability to perform the requirements of the study
  5. Current or recent (past 30 days) treatment with minocycline or related compounds,immunosuppressives, or benzodiazepines
  6. Homozygous genotype for minor allele of rs6971
  7. History of recent febrile illness in past 30 days
  8. History of allergic reactions to tetracycline antibiotics
  9. Concomitant medication treatment not stable for the 4 weeks prior to study entry or anticipated to change
  10. . Current prescribed medication likely to confound assessment of TSPO binding

Inclusion criteria for healthy volunteer participants

  1. Male in good general health, confirmed by clinical evaluation
  2. Age 18-35 years inclusive
  3. IQ estimate of >70 on VIQ or PIQ
  4. Ability to comply with all protocol procedures and assessments

Exclusion criteria for healthy volunteer participants

  1. Diagnosis of an autism spectrum disorder (ASD)
  2. Evidence of current nicotine, drug, or alcohol abuse or dependence
  3. Presence of a chronic medical condition which would potentially influence the assessment of TSPO binding, or interact with study medication (eg. hepatic,neurologic, renal disease) to increase risk to the subject
  4. Presence of current or lifetime severe psychopathology potentially confounding assessment of TSPO binding (psychosis, severe depression, bipolar disorder,Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder)
  5. Current prescribed medication likely to confound assessment of TSPO binding
  6. Clinical judgment of the study physician of inability to perform the requirements of the study
  7. Current or recent (past 30 days) treatment with minocycline or related compounds,immunosuppressives, benzodiazepines, or psychotropic medications likely to confound assessment of TSPO binding
  8. Homozygous genotype for minor allele of rs6971
  9. SRS-2 T-score score of >59
  10. . History of recent febrile illness in past 30 days

Location

  • UCLA accepting new patients
    Los Angeles California 90095 United States

Details

Status
accepting new patients
Start Date
Completion Date
(estimated)
Sponsor
University of California, Los Angeles
ID
NCT03117530
Phase
Phase 1
Lead Scientist
Michael Gandal
Study Type
Interventional
Last Updated
May 8, 2018