Summary

Eligibility
for people ages 20 years and up (full criteria)
Healthy Volunteers
healthy people welcome
Location
at UCLA
Dates
study started
estimated completion
Principal Investigator
Zhaoping Li (ucla)

Description

Summary

This study aims to determine whether the effectiveness of cinnamon spice capsules vs. placebo capsules on glucose tolerance in prediabetic subjects who are overweight or obese.

Official Title

Effects of Cinnamon Spice on Glucose, Insulin, GI Hormone and Microbiome in Obese Individuals With Pre-Diabetes

Details

Participants will be asked to take cinnamon spice or placebo capsules daily with breakfast and dinner (2 weeks of cinnamon, 2 weeks of placebo). The placebo capsule is a study product that looks like the cinnamon capsules, but contains no active ingredients. The amount of cinnamon will be 4 grams per day. 2 grams will be taken at breakfast and dinner. Timed blood collections over a three-hour period will be used to measure how cinnamon spice affects glucose metabolism/insulin sensitivity in human subjects. Everyone who participates in the study will receive each treatment in random order. In this way, everyone will receive cinnamon spice capsules and placebo.

In a crossover study design subjects will consume either cinnamon or placebo with foods and before bed for 28 days. The placebo capsule is a study product that looks like the cinnamon capsules, but contains no active ingredients. The participants will also be asked to undergo an oral glucose tolerance test 4 times (on separate days) before and after the first and second cinnamon/placebo consumption. Subjects will take 3 capsules of cinnamon or placebo (total 2 g) with the glucose drink (75 g). Timed blood collections over a three-hour period will be used to measure how cinnamon spice affects glucose metabolism/insulin sensitivity in human subject. Continuous glucose monitoring will performed through the entire study for each subject. The microbiome will also be examined at the beginning and end of each 28 day phase (0-4 weeks and 6-10weeks). Subjects will consume a brown-beige diet during the study to exclude the effects of other polyphenol-rich foods. We will enroll twenty subjects >= 20 years of age, overweight/obese (BMI 25 to 35 kg/ m2) with fasting blood sugar between 100 and 126 mg/dl or HbA1c >=5.7% and <= 6.5%.

Keywords

PreDiabetes Blood Glucose, High glucose cinnamon pre-diabetes microbiome Prediabetic State Glucose Intolerance Hyperglycemia

Eligibility

You can join if…

Open to people ages 20 years and up

  • Healthy human adults age >=20 years' old
  • Typically consume low fiber/polyphenol diet (beige diet see below)
  • Overweight/obese individuals with a BMI of 25 to 40 kg/m2 and HbA1c >=5.6% and <= 6.5%.
  • Subjects must read and sign the Institutional Review Board-approved written informed consent prior to the initiation of any study specific procedures or enrollment. A subject will be excluded for any condition that might compromise the ability to give truly informed consent.

You CAN'T join if...

  • Any subjects with cinnamon intolerance
  • Any subject with a screening laboratory value outside of the laboratory normal range that is considered clinically significant for study participation by the investigator.
  • Any subject currently taking blood thinning medications such as Warfarin or Coumadin
  • Any history of gastrointestinal disease or surgery except for appendectomy or cholecystectomy.
  • Eating a high fiber/polyphenol diet or taking any medication or dietary supplement, which interfere with the absorption of polyphenols.
  • History of gastrointestinal surgery, diabetes mellitus on medications, or other serious medical condition, such as chronic hepatic or renal disease, bleeding disorder, congestive heart disease, chronic diarrhea disorders, myocardial infarction, coronary artery bypass graft, angioplasty within 6 months prior to screening, current diagnosis of uncontrolled hypertension (defined as systolic BP >160mmHg, diastolic BP >95mmHg), active or chronic gastrointestinal disorders, bulimia, anorexia, laxative abuse, or endocrine diseases (except thyroid disease requiring medication) as indicated by medical history.
  • Pregnant or breastfeeding
  • Currently uses tobacco products.
  • Currently has an alcohol intake >= 20 g ⁄ day;
  • Currently has a coffee intake >= 3 cups ⁄ day;
  • Allergy or sensitivity to cinnamon. Subjects will be excluded if there is a prior history of such sensitivity. Since these foods are commonly eaten and allergies are rare, subjects should be aware of this sensitivity prior to entering the study. To determine this, a positive history of cinnamon ingestion without incident will be requested. In addition, any subject with a history of allergy or anaphylaxis of any kind will be excluded
  • Is unable or unwilling to comply with the study protocol.

Location

  • UCLA accepting new patients
    Los Angeles California 90095 United States

Lead Scientist at UC Health

Details

Status
accepting new patients
Start Date
Completion Date
(estimated)
Sponsor
University of California, Los Angeles
ID
NCT04342624
Study Type
Interventional
Last Updated