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Atherosclerosis clinical trials at UC Health
11 in progress, 0 open to new patients

  • Cardiovascular Risk Reduction Study (Reduction in Recurrent Major CV Disease Events)

    Sorry, in progress, not accepting new patients

    Main Study (CACZ885M2301): The purpose of the pivotal phase of this trial was to test the hypothesis that canakinumab treatment of patients with myocardial infarction (MI) at least one month prior to study entry and elevated hsCRP could prevent recurrent cardiovascular events. The purpose of the extension phase of the main study is to collect additional long-term safety data on continued exposure to canakinumab in patients who participated in the pivotal phase. Sub-study 1 (CACZ885M2301S1): The purpose of this sub-study was to evaluate the effect of quarterly subcutaneous canakinumab treatment for 24 months comparted with placebo on the carotid plaque burden measured by integrated vascular MRI in patients enrolled in the CACZ885M2301 study (CANTOS). Sub-study 2 (CACZ885M2301S2): The purpose of this CANTOS sub-study was to determine whether, in patients with type 2 diabetes participating in the CANTOS main study, canakinumab compared to placebo, on top of standard of care could increase insulin secretion and insulin sensitivity.

    at UCSF

  • Coronary Angiography THerapeutic Virtual Reality

    Sorry, not yet accepting patients

    The CATH-VR study will investigate the effect of virtual reality (VR) on patient pain, anxiety, and radial artery vasospasm during coronary angiography. Our hypothesis is that the use of VR will decrease patient anxiety and pain via validated scoring systems, as well as show a low rate of vasospasm of the radial artery. In addition, we hypothesize that the amount of opioid and benzodiazepine medications utilized for procedural sedation will be lower in the intervention arm. VR has gained recent attraction as an alternative or adjunctive treatment option for pain, but its effect on reducing procedural sedation has not been studied. We propose a single center, randomized control pilot study to further investigate. The patient population will include adults older than 18 years who present for outpatient diagnostic coronary angiography.

    at UCLA

  • COroNary CT Angiography Evaluation For Clinical Outcomes: An InteRnational Multicenter Registry (CONFIRM)

    Sorry, accepting new patients by invitation only

    The CONFIRM study was developed to examine the prognostic value of cardiac computed tomographic angiography (CCTA) findings for prediction of future adverse cardiac events related to coronary artery disease (CAD) in a large, international patient population. The purpose of this multicenter registry is to correlate coronary and non-coronary cardiac findings by CCTA with demographic and clinical data for refinement of risk stratification of individuals with suspected or known CAD.

    at UCLA

  • ELUVIA™ Drug-eluting Stent Versus Zilver® PTX® Stent

    Sorry, in progress, not accepting new patients

    The primary objective of this trial is to evaluate the safety and effectiveness of the Boston Scientific Corporation (BSC) ELUVIA Drug-Eluting Vascular Stent System (ELUVIA Stent) for treating Superficial Femoral Artery (SFA) and/or Proximal Popliteal Artery (PPA) lesions up to 140 mm in length. Long Lesion Substudy: to evaluate the safety and effectiveness of the Boston Scientific Corporation (BSC) ELUVIA Drug-Eluting Vascular Stent System (ELUVIA Stent) for treating Superficial Femoral Artery (SFA) and/or Proximal Popliteal Artery (PPA) lesions >140 mm and ≤ 190 mm in length.

    at UC Davis

  • Inflammation, Viral Replication, and Atherosclerosis in Treated HIV Infection

    Sorry, in progress, not accepting new patients

    This is a longitudinal observational study of HIV-infected patients and HIV-negative control patients that is being conducted to learn more about immunologic factors, inflammation, and cardiovascular risk in patients with HIV infection or in patients with autoimmune disease. The investigators plan to obtain measurement of carotid artery intima media thickness (IMT) using high resolution ultrasound as a noninvasive means for tracking atherosclerotic progression. The investigators will also measure lipid and lipoprotein levels, inflammatory markers, markers of Cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection, thrombotic markers, atherogenic lipoproteins, and markers of immune function. Immunophenotyping will be performed on freshly collected blood and analyzed by flow cytometry to identify activated T-cells, T-cell turnover, proportions of T-cells, and CMV function. HIV-infected patients will have CD4 count and HIV viral load measured in addition. Patients will undergo detailed clinical history including HIV disease, specific HIV medications, comorbid conditions, and health related behaviors. Physical exam and measurements will be obtained to assess for the presence of lipodystrophy. Patients will undergo study visits for ultrasound, blood draw, and interview at 4-12 month intervals for the next 3 years. Patients will also go assessment of endothelial function, endothelial progenitor cells, arterial stiffness as measured using pulse wave tonometry. To demonstrate the feasibility of a larger scale investigation of cardiac arrhythmia in HIV positive and negative patients with cardiac disease, the investigators will use 48-hour Holter monitor surveillance to monitor HIV-infected and uninfected patients with a history of myocardial infarction, systolic left ventricular dysfunction, and/or pulmonary artery hypertension for the presence of cardiac arrhythmia. The FDG PET scan (18F-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography-computed tomography) will be used to detect and quantify inflammation in the body.

    at UCSF

  • Investigation of Metformin in Pre-Diabetes on Atherosclerotic Cardiovascular OuTcomes

    Sorry, not yet accepting patients

    This research will help us to learn if the medicine called metformin reduces the risk of death, heart attacks, and/or strokes in patients who have pre-diabetes and heart or blood vessel problems.

    at UCLA

  • Mediators of Atherosclerosis in South Asians Living in America

    Sorry, accepting new patients by invitation only

    South Asian (Indian, Pakistani, Bangladeshi, Nepali, and Sri Lankan) individuals have high rates of cardiovascular disease that is not explained by traditional cardiovascular risk factors. Though South Asians represent over one-quarter of the world's population, there are no longitudinal studies in this high-risk ethnic group. The investigators aim to establish a longitudinal study of South Asians at two United States centers to identify risk factors linked to subclinical atherosclerosis and incident cardiovascular disease. The purpose of this study is to understand the causes of heart disease and stroke in South Asians and compare these causes to those in other United States ethnic groups.

    at UCSF

  • Post Market Surveillance Study of the Wingspan Stent System

    Sorry, in progress, not accepting new patients

    The primary objective of this study is to evaluate the rate of stroke and/or death in patients treated with the Wingspan Stent System, according to the Indications for Use, within 72 hours post procedure.

    at UCSD

  • Social Engagement Strategies to Improve Medication Adherence

    Sorry, not yet accepting patients

    In this pilot study, investigators, in partnership with Resource Centers for Minority Aging Research (RCMAR) mentorship team and the MyMeds program, will enroll patients from MyMeds with diabetes, atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease, or congestive heart failure with poor medication adherence (medication adherence percentage<80% for statin or antihypertensive therapy) who report having a least one loved one or friend (e.g., spouse) whom they consider to be invested in their health, and with whom they would be willing to share focused medical information about medication adherence in the form of text messages. They will randomize these patients to private feedback about medication adherence or social network feedback about medication adherence. Investigators will evaluate the effects of this social network intervention on medication adherence and examine the program's acceptability among study participants. This proposal is innovative because it leverages social networks—largely unused in medical care—for health improvement.

    at UCLA

  • The Alirocumab for Stopping Atherosclerosis Progression in Saphenous Vein Grafts (ASAP-SVG) Pilot Trial

    Sorry, accepting new patients by invitation only

    This is a phase IV, multi-center, double-blind, randomized, placebo- controlled study evaluating the effect of alirocumab on SVG atherosclerotic disease burden, as assessed by IVUS at baseline and following 78 weeks of treatment in subjects with at least one intermediate SVG lesion receiving optimal statin therapy. Subjects will be randomized 1:1 into 2 treatment groups: alirocumab 150 mg subcutaneously every 2 weeks or placebo subcutaneously every 2 weeks.

    at UCSF

  • The Lipid-Rich Plaque Study

    Sorry, in progress, not accepting new patients

    The purpose of this study is to enhance medical knowledge of the causes of future coronary problems. Many studies in patients who have already experienced a coronary problem point to the danger associated with plaques that are rich in cholesterol. This study determines if the near-infrared method of detection of these fatty plaques can predict future events. If dangerous plaques can be identified, there are many treatments already available that could be tested for their ability to prevent coronary events.

    at UCLA

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