Summary

Eligibility
for people ages 30 years and up (full criteria)
Healthy Volunteers
healthy people welcome
Location
at UCLA
Dates
study started
estimated completion
Principal Investigator
by David Liebeskind, MD (ucla)

Description

Summary

An observational study to determine if individuals with increased platelet FcyRIIa will have a higher risk of ischemic events.

Official Title

Platelet Expression of FcγRIIa and Arterial Hemodynamics to Predict Recurrent Stroke in Intracranial Atherosclerosi

Details

Recurrent ischemic stroke due to intracranial atherosclerotic disease (ICAD) is extremely common despite treatment with anti-platelet medications. Heterogeneity of the arterial architecture and associated blood flow changes in ICAD-related stenoses result in different patterns of wall shear stress (WSS) from one individual to the next. Such wall shear stress can be readily quantified with computational fluid dynamics (CFD) from noninvasive CT angiography (CTA), routinely acquired in patients with minor stroke or transient ischemic attack (TIA) due to ICAD. These shear stress changes in blood flow promote platelet aggregation and thereby alter the response to anti-platelet therapy. Additionally, greater platelet FcγRIIa expression increases platelet reactivity and promotes thrombosis when platelets are exposed to increased shear stress. In the coronary circulation, greater platelet expression of FcγRIIa identifies patients at greater risk of recurrent cardiovascular events, including stroke. Numerous mechanisms have been invoked in the recurrence of ischemia in ICAD, yet focused research on the pathophysiology of shear stress and platelet activation has not been evaluated to explain the high rate of imaging evidence and clinical strokes following minor stroke or TIA due to ICAD. Given the shared pathology of coronary artery disease and ICAD, the data suggest that individual differences in CFD-derived WSS and platelet FcγRIIa expression may inform a precision medicine strategy to prevent recurrent stroke. The investigators developed a novel approach to validate CTA CFD values of WSS in stenoses in ICAD with precision 3D cerebrovascular models, including data from the landmark SAMMPRIS trial. In other collaborations, The investigators have separately studied the potential impact of elevated WSS on stroke recurrence in ICAD and conducted an observational multicenter study on mechanisms of recurrent stroke in ICAD. The investigators and others have demonstrated that greater platelet FcγRIIa expression increases the activation of platelets in response to agonists and shear stress. These synergies now enable us to investigate how the interaction of anti-platelet therapies with individual platelet expression of FcγRIIa and WSS calculated from patient-specific CTA CFD may explain recurrent ischemia after minor stroke or TIA due to ICAD. The investigators hypothesize that the incidence of recurrent silent ischemia on MRI and clinical strokes by 1 year after minor stroke or TIA due to ICAD will be predicted by quantifying individual risk determined by platelet FcγRIIa expression and focal elevations in WSS due to stenosis.

Keywords

Stroke, TIA, Ischemic Stroke, Ischemic, Ischemia, Medical Imaging

Eligibility

You can join if…

Open to people ages 30 years and up

  • Stroke is defined as symptoms lasting >24 hours and associated with imaging evidence of acute ischemia in the distribution of the stenotic vessel on head CT or brain MRI. Minor stroke is defined as NIHSS<6, as used in prior studies.
  • Eligible TIA, defined as transient neurological symptoms lasting <24 hours, need to be: a) accompanied by DWI abnormalities in the distribution of the stenotic artery; or b) multiple (>1), stereotyped events associated with unequivocal ischemic symptoms (i.e. weakness, aphasia, diplopia), and attributed to the symptomatic artery. The intent of these restrictive inclusion criteria for TIA is to exclude potential stroke mimics.
  • ICAD should involve the intracranial carotid, middle cerebral, intracranial vertebral or basilar arteries. Isolated anterior and posterior cerebral artery stenosis is not included as it is uncommon in these locations and non-invasive criteria for high-grade ICAD are not well established for these vessels.
  • Stenosis 50-99% will be quantified by CTA. The criteria for 50-99% are: measured stenosis by WASID criteria (percent stenosis = (1-[diameter stenosis/diameter normal]) x 100%.
  • Age ³30; those 30-49 years of age must also have the presence of established atherosclerotic disease in another vascular bed (coronary, extracranial carotid, peripheral) or the presence of 2 or more risk factors (hypertension, diabetes mellitus, hyperlipidemia, tobacco abuse within the last 2 years). The rationale for this criterion is to exclude non-atherosclerotic vasculopathies.
  • Provide informed consent for participation in the study.

You CAN'T join if...

  • Other determined etiology or established cause of the acute stroke or TIA: atrial fibrillation, mitral stenosis, mechanical valve, intracardiac thrombus or vegetation, dilated cardiomyopathy or ejection fraction <30%, proximal extracranial carotid or vertebral stenosis >50%.
  • Contraindications to MRI, including MR-incompatible metallic implants (i.e. certain artificial cardiac valves, penile implants, other prosthesis), implanted electronic devices (i.e. pacemaker/defibrillator, neurostimulators, cochlear implants), other potentially mobile ferromagnetic material (i.e. shrapnel, magnetic aneurysm clips), pregnancy (women in fertile age should have a negative pregnancy test), lactation, morbid obesity, and severe claustrophobia.

Location

  • Ronald Reagan UCLA Medical Center accepting new patients
    Los Angeles California 90095 United States

Lead Scientist at University of California Health

  • David Liebeskind, MD (ucla)
    Professor of Clinical, Neurology, Medicine. Authored (or co-authored) 615 research publications

Details

Status
accepting new patients
Start Date
Completion Date
(estimated)
Sponsor
University of California, Los Angeles
ID
NCT05518305
Study Type
Observational
Participants
Expecting 250 study participants
Last Updated