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Brain Injuries clinical trials at UC Health
20 in progress, 12 open to eligible people

  • A Study of Brain Aging in Vietnam War Veterans

    open to eligible people ages 50-90

    Traumatic brain injury (TBI) and post traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) are common combat related problems and may be associated with a greater risk of Alzheimer's disease (AD). The purpose of this study is to examine the possible connections between TBI and PTSD, and the signs and symptoms of AD on Veterans as they age. The information collected will help to learn more about how these injuries may affect Veterans of the Vietnam War as they grow older, as well as Veterans of the current wars in Iraq and Afghanistan, who also have these types of combat related injuries.

    at UC Irvine UCSD UCSF

  • CBT-I for Veterans With TBI

    open to eligible people ages 18-55

    Many Operation Enduring Freedom/Operation Iraqi Freedom/Operation New Dawn era Veterans have suffered a mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI), and now cope with multiple post-injury symptoms, including sleep disturbances (especially insomnia). Chronic insomnia in mTBI patients has the potential to exacerbate other symptoms, delay recovery, and negatively affect many of the cognitive, psychological, and neuromuscular sequelae of mTBI, thereby decreasing quality of life. Although Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy for Insomnia (CBT-I) has been shown to be an effective evidence-based treatment for insomnia, there are no published randomized controlled trials evaluating the potential strengths and/or limitations of CBT-I in post-mTBI patients. Therefore, assessing CBT-I in the context of mTBI holds promise to provide substantial benefits in terms of improved rehabilitation outcomes in Veterans who have suffered mTBI.

    at UCSD

  • Efficacy of Bromocriptine For Fever Reduction in Acute Neurologic Injury

    open to eligible people ages 18-100

    The purpose of this study is to evaluate the antipyretic effect of bromocriptine in critically-ill patients with acute neurologic injury and fever from infectious and non-infectious etiologies.

    at UCSF

  • Managing MTBI-related Headaches With rTMS

    open to eligible people ages 18-60

    Persistent headache is one of the most common debilitating symptoms in military personnel suffering from mild traumatic brain injury (MTBI). This study aims to assess the long-term effect of repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) in managing MTBI related headaches for up to 2-3 months by comparing the treatment effect of active-rTMS to sham-rTMS.

    at UCSD

  • Mild TBI Assessment & Rehabilitation

    open to eligible people ages 18 years and up

    One of the most pressing concerns within the VA currently is the provision of interventions that address the cognitive as well as emotional problems faced by Veterans with mild TBI and comorbid conditions. When completed, these studies will inform us whether training core attentional self-regulatory control functions via personally-relevant activities will be effective in improving daily life for Veterans with mild TBI and comorbid conditions. The study design will provide a test not only of potential benefits for real life functioning, but also determine to what extent these benefits are related to actual changes in cognitive/behavioral performance and brain networks corresponding to these functions. This project will provide a foundation for future studies to investigate the neural mechanisms that support improvements of cognition and behavior in mTBI.

    at UCSF

  • Spreading Depolarizations in Traumatic Brain Injury

    open to eligible people ages 18 years and up

    This research aims to extend the application of spreading depolarization monitoring to non-surgical TBI patients, using intraparenchymal electrode arrays and scalp electroencephalography to detect depolarizations and develop less invasive monitoring methods.

    at UCSF

  • Thalamic Low Intensity Focused Ultrasound in Acute Brain Injury

    open to eligible people ages 18 years and up

    Few neurological conditions are as scientifically mysterious and clinically, legally, and ethically challenging as disorders of consciousness. To date there exists no standard intervention for patients suffering from these devastating conditions. The present project is aimed at evaluating the potential of non-invasive Low Intensity Focused Ultrasound Pulsation (LIFUP) of thalamus (a key area for the consciousness network) as a neurorestorative stimulation for those patients. In this study, LIFUP will be performed during two sessions. The proposed experiment will involve behavioral and paramedical measurements just before and after each of the two LIFUP sessions in a small sample of patients (up to 15) in order to evaluate the feasibility of a full scale clinical trial. Outcome measures will be administered at discharge, 6 months and one year after injury.

    at UCLA

  • The Ketogenic Diet for Pediatric Acute Brain Injury

    open to eligible people ages 1-17

    This is a prospective pilot study evaluating the safety and feasibility of implementing the ketogenic diet in children admitted to the pediatric intensive care unit with acute brain injury such as stroke, traumatic brain injury, and intracerebral hemorrhage. Animal studies suggest that in the aftermath of injury the brain's ability to use glucose as a fuel is impaired. The ketogenic diet is a high fat, low carbohydrate diet which is already used in clinical practice for the treatment of medication resistant epilepsy and is intended to switch the body over to burning fat rather than carbohydrates for fuel. In lieu of their standard tube-feeds, 5-10 children admitted to the PICU with these diagnoses will receive low carbohydrate, high fat ketogenic feeds for 2 weeks. We hypothesize that ketones will be detectable through serum tests and MRI spectroscopy studies of the brain within several days of diet initiation, and that there will be a low incidence of side effects and adverse events, Measures of interest will include the incidence of kidney stones, excessive acidosis and excessive hypoglycemia. The feasibility of implementing this protocol for a larger efficacy trial will be assessed through serial measurements of blood glucose, beta-hydroxybutyrate (a type of ketone body), and serum bicarbonate levels. In addition, levels of ketone bodies within the brain will be measured through MRI spectroscopy sequence which will be acquired at the same time as a follow-up MRI brain study ordered for clinical purposes.

    at UCLA

  • Transcranial Electrical Stimulation for mTBI

    open to eligible people ages 18-60

    Mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) is a leading cause of sustained physical, cognitive, emotional, and behavioral deficits in OEF/OIF/OND Veterans and the general public. However, the underlying pathophysiology is not completely understood, and there are few effective treatments for post-concussive symptoms (PCS). In addition, there are substantial overlaps between PCS and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms in mTBI. IASIS is among a class of passive neurofeedback treatments that combine low-intensity pulses for transcranial electrical stimulation (LIP-tES) with electroencephalography (EEG) monitoring. Nexalin is another tES technique , with FDA approvals for treating insomnia, depression, and anxiety. LIP-tES techniques have shown promising results in alleviating PCS individuals with TBI. However, the neural mechanisms underlying the effects of LIP-tES treatment in TBI are unknown, owing to the dearth of neuroimaging investigations of this therapeutic intervention. Conventional neuroimaging techniques such as MRI and CT have limited sensitivity in detecting physiological abnormalities caused by mTBI, or in assessing the efficacy of mTBI treatments. In acute and chronic phases, CT and MRI are typically negative even in mTBI patients with persistent PCS. In contrast, evidence is mounting in support of resting-state magnetoencephalography (rs-MEG) slow-wave source imaging (delta-band, 1-4 Hz) as a marker for neuronal abnormalities in mTBI. The primary goal of the present application is to use rs-MEG to identify the neural underpinnings of behavioral changes associated with IASIS treatment in Veterans with mTBI. Using a double-blind placebo controlled design, the investigators will study changes in abnormal MEG slow-waves before and after IASIS treatment (relative to a 'sham' treatment group) in Veterans with mTBI. For a subset of participants who may have remaining TBI symptoms at the end of all IASIS treatment sessions, MEG slow-wave changes will be recorded before and after additional Nexalin treatment. In addition, the investigators will examine treatment-related changes in PCS, PTSD symptoms, neuropsychological test performances, and their association with changes in MEG slow-waves. The investigators for the first time will address a fundamental question about the mechanism of slow-waves in brain injury, namely whether slow-wave generation in wakefulness is merely a negative consequence of neuronal injury or if it is a signature of ongoing neuronal rearrangement and healing that occurs at the site of the injury. Specific Aim 1 will detect the loci of injury in Veterans with mTBI and assess the mechanisms underlying functional neuroimaging changes related to IASIS treatment, and for a subset of Veterans with remaining symptoms, additional Nexalin treatment, using rs-MEG slow-wave source imaging. The investigators hypothesize that MEG slow-wave source imaging will show significantly higher sensitivity than conventional MRI in identifying the loci of injury on a single-subject basis. The investigators also hypothesize that in wakefulness, slow-wave generation is a signature of ongoing neural rearrangement / healing, rather than a negative consequence of neuronal injury. Furthermore, the investigators hypothesize IASIS will ultimately reduce abnormal MEG slow-wave generation in mTBI by the end of the treatment course, owing to the accomplishment of neural rearrangement / healing. Specific Aim 2 will examine treatment-related changes in PCS and PTSD symptoms in Veterans with mTBI. The investigators hypothesize that compared with the sham group, mTBI Veterans in the IASIS treatment group will show significantly greater decreases in PCS and PTSD symptoms between baseline and post-treatment assessments. Specific Aim 3 will study the relationship among IASIS treatment-related changes in rs-MEG slow-wave imaging, PCS, and neuropsychological measures in Veterans with mTBI. The investigators hypothesize that Reduced MEG slow-wave generation will correlate with reduced total PCS score, individual PCS scores (e.g., sleep disturbance, post-traumatic headache, photophobia, and memory problem symptoms), and improved neuropsychological exam scores between post-IASIS and baseline exams. The success of the proposed research will for the first time confirm that facilitation of slow-wave generation in wakefulness leads to significant therapeutic benefits in mTBI, including an ultimate reduction of abnormal slow-waves accompanied by an improvement in PCS and cognitive functioning.

    at UCSD

  • Transforming Research and Clinical Knowledge in Traumatic Brain Injury

    open to eligible people ages 1-100

    The overall goal of Transforming Research and Clinical Knowledge in Traumatic Brain Injury (TRACK-TBI) study is to determine the relationships among the clinical, neuroimaging, cognitive, genetic and proteomic biomarker characteristics for the entire spectrum of TBI from concussion to coma. TRACK-TBI will validate biomarkers and outcome measures for clinical trials, advance diagnostic and prognostic models for TBI and improve clinical trial design. We are enrolling patients within 24 hours of injury who present to a TRACK-TBI site with a brain injury that meets ACRM criteria and receives a clinically indicated head CT.

    at UCSF

  • Treatment for Patients With Chronic Post-Concussion Symptoms

    open to eligible people ages 13-25

    The current project will examine the effect of a brief psychological intervention on post-concussion symptoms, neurocognitive function, cerebral blood flow (CBF), and psychophysiological and salivary cortisol markers of autonomic nervous system (ANS) in a sample of 20 participants between 13-25 years of age who experience long-term post-concussive (PC) symptoms 2-9 months post-injury as well as 20 age- and sex-matched controls (non-injured) participants to provide normative data on all the above measures except for concussive symptoms.

    at UCLA

  • Virtual Reality- Working Memory Retraining

    open to eligible people ages 18-65

    This study will establish the acceptability and feasibility of enrolling and retaining heavy drinking Veterans with mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) in an 8-week, randomized cross-over design trial of active VR working memory retraining (WMR). This study will also seek to establish the efficacy of active VR-WMR to increase performance in executive function.

    at UCSF

  • A Study of Testing Tranexamic Acid After Traumatic Injury in Children

    Sorry, not currently recruiting here

    Trauma is the leading cause of death and disability in children in the United States. The long-term goal of this project is to evaluate the benefits and harms of tranexamic acid (TXA; a drug that stops bleeding) in severely injured children. This is a 40-patient pilot study to evaluate the feasibility of two subsequent large-scale studies of TXA in injured children.

    at UC Davis

  • Controlled MAP Trauma Brain Injury (COMAT Study)

    Sorry, not yet accepting patients

    The goal of this randomized controlled trial will be to show that the use of a novel automated system to guide vasopressor administration in head trauma injury patients will results in more time spent with a mean arterial pressure (MAP) within the predefined MAP (+/- 5 mmHg of the target MAP) compared to patients managed without any automated system (manually management)

    at UC Irvine UCLA

  • Improvements in Cognitive Skills From Traumatic Brain Injury Using Dynamic Visual Attention Training

    Sorry, not yet accepting patients

    The proposed study tests the feasibility (Phase I) and efficacy (Phase II) of PATH neurotraining to improve working memory and attention in mTBI patients rapidly and effectively to provide clinical testing of a therapeutic training for the treatment of neurological disorders caused by a concussion. This study will contribute to the fundamental knowledge of how to remediate concussions from a mTBI to enhance the health, lengthen the life and reduce the disabilities that result from a mTBI.

    at UCSD

  • Metabolic Therapy for Traumatic Brain Injury

    Sorry, not yet accepting patients

    Metabolic crisis is a state of energy insufficiency due to impaired mitochondrial function as indicated by cerebral microdialysis lactate/pyruvate ratio (LPR). We have performed safety analysis of glucose and sodium lactate infusions in humans and have demonstrated proof of concept that these fuels alter brain metabolism. We will conduct a multicenter, adaptive design-based, proof of concept unblinded phase 2 study of up to 3 candidate supplemental fuels infused over 3 hours in patients with severe traumatic brain injury undergoing standard of care multimodality monitoring with cerebral microdialysis.

    at UCLA

  • MRI Markers of Outcome After Severe Pediatric TBI

    Sorry, accepting new patients by invitation only

    Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is the leading cause of death or disability in children. Each year in the United States, pediatric TBI results in an estimated 630,000 emergency room visits, 58,900 hospitalizations, and 7000 deaths. The incidence of long-term disability after severe TBI is high, with over 60% of children requiring educational or community based supportive services 12 months post-injury. Over 5,000 children require inpatient rehabilitation after TBI each year and an estimated 145,000 US children are currently living with disabilities after a severe TBI. Hospital costs for the acute treatment of children with TBI are estimated at ~$2.6 billion each year, while the gross annual costs accounting for long-term care and lost productivity approach $60 billion. Therefore, pediatric TBI is a major public health concern and new ways to diagnose and treat TBI are urgently needed.

    at UC Davis UCLA UCSD

  • Remediation of Impaired Self-Regulation in Patients With Mild TBI

    Sorry, accepting new patients by invitation only

    The ability to regulate impulses enables us to plan for the future, to maintain focus in the face of distractions (i.e. to encode memories), and to manage emotions. This self regulation can be compromised in individuals who have a history of mild traumatic brain injury and co-occurring disorders. In this study the investigators are using functional MRI scanning to understand how memory and self regulation are expressed in the brains of people with a history of mild traumatic brain injury. The investigators are also testing whether the medication tolcapone may improve memory and self regulation.

    at UCSF

  • Remotely Deployed TBI Study

    Sorry, in progress, not accepting new patients

    Injury to the brain can change the core of a person's being, affecting brain functions necessary to accomplish important goals in a complex world. Deficits in attention, working memory, and other aspects of goal-directed cognition affect a broad range of pursuits in everyday life, and are among the most prevalent and long-lasting consequences of brain injuries. The objective of this research is to develop remotely deployed training tools that target the most common, persistent and debilitating cognitive functions affected by traumatic brain injury (TBI); test the potential effects of the intervention and compare these effects to an active comparison intervention; and determine the neurocognitive and functional effects of computer-assisted remote training.

    at UCSF

  • Traumatic Brain Injury and Risk for Chronic Traumatic Encephalopathy

    Sorry, in progress, not accepting new patients

    The project is designed to assess early diagnosis of Chronic Traumatic Encephalopathy (CTE), a neurobehavioral syndrome manifested by failed relationships, marriages, and businesses, emotional disturbances, depression, alcohol and substance abuse, and suicide attempts and completions. CTE typically begins after a latency period of several years following single or repeated Traumatic Brain Injuries (TBIs). A history of cerebral concussion may or may not be present. This study builds upon prior work at UCLA using Positron Emission Tomography (PET) to identify normal and abnormal functional patterns in the brain by studying persons with a history of TBI including but not limited to: amateur and professional athletes, active and veteran members of the armed forces, as well as victims of motor vehicle and work accidents, and physical battery/domestic violence. This project aims to expand these findings to the population at large. Identification of the syndrome is critical for identifying potential individuals who are most likely to benefit from potential prevention and treatment.

    at UCLA

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