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Congenital Heart Defects clinical trials at University of California Health

12 in progress, 5 open to eligible people

Showing trials for
  • Acute Normovolemic Hemodilution in Complex Cardiac Surgery

    open to eligible people ages 18 years and up

    Postoperative bleeding in cardiac surgery is a frequent complication, and cardiac surgery utilizes 15-20% of the national blood supply. Packed red blood cells (pRBCs) are associated with worse short and long term outcomes. For each unit transfused, there is an additive risk of mortality (death) and cardiac adverse events. Despite current guidelines and numerous approaches to bleeding reduction, >50% of the patients undergoing cardiac surgery receive transfusions. Acute normovolemic hemodilution (ANH), a blood conservation technique that removes whole blood from a patient immediately prior to surgery, could be a valuable method to reduce transfusion in complex cardiac surgery. At the University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA), ANH is routinely utilized in patients who refuse allogenic blood transfusions such as Jehovah's Witnesses. ANH has been shown to be safe with minimal risk to patients. ANH has been studied in simple cardiac surgery, such as coronary artery bypass grafting, however it has not been studied in complex cardiac surgery, such as aortic surgery and adult congenital heart disease. ANH has been demonstrated to reduce pRBC transfusion in lower risk cardiac surgery without any significant complications. Complex heart surgery utilizes more blood products. This study could identify the benefits of ANH in a higher risk surgical group.

    at UCLA

  • Assessment of Patterns of Patient Reported Outcomes in Adults With Congenital Heart Disease - International Study II

    open to eligible people ages 18 years and up

    This is an international, cross-sectional and descriptive study that aims to investigate differences in patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs) and patient-reported experience measures (PREMs) and that aims to explore the profile and healthcare needs of adults with congenital heart diseases.

    at UCSF

  • COMPASSION S3 - Evaluation of the SAPIEN 3 Transcatheter Heart Valve in Patients With Pulmonary Valve Dysfunction

    open to all eligible people

    This study will demonstrate the safety and effectiveness of the Edwards Lifesciences SAPIEN 3 Transcatheter Heart Valve (THV) System in subjects with a dysfunctional right ventricular outflow tract (RVOT) conduit or previously implanted valve in the pulmonic position with a clinical indication for intervention.

    at UCLA UCSF

  • Effect of Fetal Aortic Valvuloplasty on Outcomes

    open to all eligible people

    In one of the most severe congenital heart defects, hypoplastic left heart syndrome (HLHS), the left ventricle is underdeveloped and the prognosis is worse than in most other heart defects. The underdevelopment can occur gradually during fetal growth caused by a narrowing of the aortic valve. At some international centers, such fetuses are treated with a balloon dilation of the narrowed valve, but there is no scientifically sound evidence that this treatment is effective. The aim of this study is: 1/ to evaluate whether balloon dilation during the fetal period of a narrowed aortic valve can reduce the risk of the left ventricle becoming underdeveloped and the baby being born with a so-called univentricular heart (HLHS); 2/ to investigate whether such treatment improves the prognosis for this group of children with a very complex and severe heart defect and 3/ to also describe side effects and risks in fetuses and mothers of the fetal procedure.

    at UCSF

  • National Collaborative to Improve Care of Children With Complex Congenital Heart Disease

    open to eligible people ages up to 15 months

    The purpose of this initiative is to improve care and outcomes for infants with HLHS by expanding the NPC-QIC national registry to gather clinical care process, outcome, and developmental data on infants with HLHS between diagnosis and 12 months of age, by improving the use of standards into everyday practice across pediatric cardiology centers, and by engaging parents as partners in the process.

    at UC Davis UCLA

  • ALTERRA: SAPIEN 3 THV With the Alterra Adaptive Prestent

    Sorry, in progress, not accepting new patients

    To demonstrate the safety and effectiveness of the Edwards Alterra Adaptive Prestent in conjunction with the Edwards SAPIEN 3 Transcatheter Heart Valve (THV) System in subjects with a dysfunctional right ventricular outflow tract/pulmonary valve (RVOT/PV) who are indicated for treatment of pulmonary regurgitation (PR). Following completion of enrollment, subjects will be eligible for enrollment in the continued access phase of the trial.

    at UCLA UCSF

  • ATrial Tachycardia PAcing Therapy in Congenital Heart

    Sorry, not currently recruiting here

    Congenital heart disease (CHD) affects approximately 1% of newborns in the US, with 25% of those affected having critical conditions requiring open heart surgery within one year of birth. Surgical and medical advances have allowed many patients to live beyond their fourth and fifth decades of life. Unfortunately, cardiac arrhythmias are a relatively common sequela due to cardiac anomalies and surgical scars in addition to residual volume and pressure load on the heart. Atrial arrhythmias, including sinus node dysfunction and intra-atrial re-entrant tachycardia (IART) are among the more common abnormalities found in adults with repaired CHD. The presence of IART significantly increases morbidity and mortality, and anti-arrhythmic medications have been shown to be a sub-optimal treatment strategy with the majority of patients requiring multi-drug therapy. Catheter ablation procedures remain a treatment option, but are less successful for some patient demographics. In the mid-1990's, pacemakers with atrial anti-tachycardia pacing (ATP) capabilities were developed, primarily for the management of atrial flutter and fibrillation in adults with structurally normal hearts. Given the need for pacemakers in the CHD population to manage sinus node dysfunction and atrioventricular node conduction block, the adoption of atrial anti-tachycardia pacemakers began to gain favor. However, there is limited data available comparing the safety and effectiveness of ATP therapy between various demographics of CHD patients. In the current study, the investigators aim to determine if ATP is an effective treatment strategy for IART, specifically within particular sub-populations of CHD patients. Additionally, investigators hope to delineate any significant differences in efficacy of ATP treatment between adult and pediatric congenital heart patients. The research team will accomplish our goals with a retrospective, multi-center study in which data is collected from existing electronic medical records and pacemaker interrogations. Following data collection, the investigators will employ statistical analyses to determine if certain CHD demographics are statistically significant predictors of ATP therapy outcomes. The purpose of this prospective/retrospective study is to determine how effective atrial anti-tachycardia therapies are with the congenital heart patients who are known to have atrial arrhythmias. As this population ages, we know that arrhythmic burden increases and medications are increased or changed for symptomatic improvement. Patients will be enrolled at the time of anti tachycardia device (ATD) placement or when device therapies are turned on. Patients will need a minimum of 5 years of clinical history prior to implantation and after implantation (unless patient is very young). Data will be collected both retrospectively and prospectively. The research team will consent patients at the time of clinical evaluations and scheduled follow-ups (usually 3 - 6 months). If therapy is effective, investigators will determine the specific programming which was successful. If therapy was ineffective, investigators will also determine if a change in programing was made and if this improved ATP efficacy. Investigators will also determine the arrhythmia burden. Cardioversion and medications before and after ATD implantation will be the key determinants of arrhythmia burden in this study.

    at UCLA

  • Comparison of Methods of Pulmonary Blood Flow Augmentation in Neonates: Shunt Versus Stent (The COMPASS Trial)

    Sorry, not currently recruiting here

    COMPASS is a prospective multicenter randomized interventional trial. Participants with ductal-dependent pulmonary blood flow will be randomized to receive either a systemic-to-pulmonary artery shunt or ductal artery stent. Block randomization will be performed by center and by single vs. two ventricle status. Participants will be followed through the first year of life.

    at UCSF

  • Congenital Heart Initiative-Redefining Outcomes and Navigation to Adult Centered Care

    Sorry, not yet accepting patients

    Congenital heart defects (CHDs) are a heterogeneous group of rare diseases of varying severity, each diagnosis with its unique set of co-morbidities. In addition to the heterogeneity, perhaps the greatest challenge to conducting comparative effectiveness research in CHD patients are the poor rates of successful transition from pediatric to adult centered cardiology care and high rates of gaps in recommend care for adults with CHD. This study will use PCORnet to examine the effects of gaps in recommended care (cardiology visits) on patient prioritized outcomes for adults with non-complex and complex subtypes of CHD. This system will be established through 14 (12 recruiting) PCORnet affiliated institutions and linkage to the Congenital Heart Initiative registry (https://chi.eurekaplatform.org), the first patient powered registry for adults with CHD. This registry launched in December 2020, and is IRB approved at Children's National Hospital (IRB# Pro00014697). Funded by PCORI, this project will recruit patients at the 12 PCORnet affiliated institutions and will invite them to contribute their health records data and then join the established Congenital Heart Initiative. By enrolling patients and linking their PCORnet (health record) data into an existing adult congenital heart disease (ACHD) specific registry, future interventions to reduce gaps in care based on study findings can be rapidly implemented in real-world settings through the strong partnerships established with key CHD stakeholders.

    at UCSF

  • Outcomes and Health Care Resource Utilization in Pediatric Congenital Heart Disease Patients Undergoing Non-Cardiac Procedures

    Sorry, not currently recruiting here

    The incidence of moderate to severe congenital heart disease (CHD) in the United States is estimated to be 6 per 1000 live-born full term infants. Recent advances in pediatric cardiology, surgery and critical care have significantly improved the survival rates of patients with CHD leading to an increase in prevalence in both children and adults. Children with CHD significant enough to require cardiac surgery frequently also undergo non-cardiac surgical procedures. Analysis of the Pediatric Health Information System database between 2004 and 2012 demonstrated that 41% of children who had undergone surgery to correct CHD in the first year of life also underwent at least one non-cardiac surgery by age 5. With this increased demand for non-cardiac procedures, anesthesiologists, pediatricians and other healthcare providers will encounter patients with repaired or unrepaired CHD and other cardiac diseases in their practice. However, the information provided by national databases lack granularity and the information from single institutional data is limited. This project aims to address this knowledge gap in quantifying the risk for cardiac patients coming for noncardiac procedures and identify the health care resource utilization and system to best care for this patient population. To conduct this study, we will create a multi-institutional collaboration between large and small centers to create a unique dataset spanning all the different variables that need to be considered in risk prediction for these patients including patient variables, hospital setting, and providers. The aggregate multiinstitutional data set may be used for benchmarking for national quality improvement efforts.

    at UCLA

  • Pharmacokinetics and Safety Profile of Digoxin in Infants With Single Ventricle Congenital Heart Disease

    Sorry, in progress, not accepting new patients

    This is a prospective, multi-center, open-label, PK and safety profile study of enteral digoxin in children <6 months old at time of enrollment, post-surgical or hybrid stage 1 palliation, but prior to surgical stage 2 palliation.

    at UCLA

  • The Medtronic Harmony™ Transcatheter Pulmonary Valve Clinical Study

    Sorry, in progress, not accepting new patients

    The purpose of this study is to further evaluate the safety and effectiveness of the Harmony™ TPV system.

    at UCLA

Our lead scientists for Congenital Heart Defects research studies include .

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