for people ages 18 years and up (full criteria)
study started
estimated completion



The goal of this study is to compare the effectiveness of pacing from a physiologic His bundle (HB) lead position versus with the standard coronary sinus (CS) lead position in subjects with heart failure undergoing cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT). While placement of left ventricular leads via the coronary sinus has anatomic limitations, we hypothesis that the achievement of QRS narrowing with His bundle capture will be superior for improving systolic function by echocardiographic indices (ejection fraction and strain) and quality of life and decreased rehospitalization and mortality.


This is a randomized, single-blinded study of 40 patients to a strategy of HB pacing versus CS pacing, and remain blinded to their treatment allocation. Both treatment options use standard-of-care, FDA-approved devices. The distinction is only in the allocation toward HB pacing and CS pacing. Treating physicians will be aware of assignment in order to facilitate routine device follow-up. Echocardiographic and electrocardiographic evaluation will also be performed in a blinded manner.

Cross-over is permitted between treatment group allocation if:

  • CS lead cannot be placed due to difficult cannulation of the CS, limited branches at the posterolateral or lateral wall, or phrenic nerve capture. These subjects may then cross-over to HB pacing.
  • HB pacing subjects may cross-over if HB lead cannot be positioned with adequate stability and reasonable pacing output, or if QRS width does not narrow by at least 20% or to a QRS width of ≤ 130 msec.

Implant procedure will be per routine percutaneous access, as is standard for pacemaker and ICDs. All subjects will receive an FDA-approved cardiac resynchronization therapy pacemaker or defibrillator device, as per standard of care outlined for the subject. In order to facilitate optimal lead placement, arterial access for levo-phase CS angiography and/or LV septal mapping to characterize site of bundle-branch block may also be performed, at the discretion of the implanting physician per his/her standard practice.

Follow-up will be performed at 2 weeks post-implant for incision check and device interrogation as is standard of care. In addition, routine device and clinical follow-up will be scheduled at 1, 3, 6, and 12 months. Electrocardiography (ECG) will be performed pre-implant, prior to hospital discharge, at 3 months, 6 months, and 12 months. Echocardiography will be performed pre-implant and 6 months to evaluate for change in LVEF, chamber dimension, and wall motion with strain imaging as is standard of care in the treatment of patients with advanced heart failure. NYHA functional class and quality of life (utilizing the Kansas City Cardiomyopathy Questionnaire) will be assessed pre-implant and at 6 months.


Congestive Heart Failure Wide QRS Ventricular Dyssynchrony Heart Failure CRT Pacemaker His Bundle Pacing Coronary Sinus Pacing


You can join if…

Open to people ages 18 years and up

  • Patients at least 18 years of age
  • LV systolic dysfunction with LVEF ≤ 35%
  • Evidence of intraventricular conduction delay with QRS duration > 120 msec
  • NYHA Class II, III, and ambulatory Class IV heart failure with either ischemic or nonischemic cardiomyopathy and patients with NYHA Class I symptoms and ischemic cardiomyopathy
  • Left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) ≤ 35%, sinus rhythm (SR), left bundle-branch block (LBBB) morphology, and QRS duration ≥ 150 msec, and NYHA Class II, III, or ambulatory Class IV patients on goal-directed medical therapy (GDMT) [Class I]
  • LVEF ≤ 35%, SR with LBBB with QRS 120-149 msec on GDMT [Class IIa]
  • LVEF ≤ 35%, SR with non-LBBB with QRS ≥ 150 msec on GDMT [Class IIa]
  • LVEF ≤ 35%, in AF if medication or AV nodal ablation will allow near 100% pacing [Class IIa]
  • LVEF ≤ 35% undergoing new or replacement device with anticipated >40% ventricular pacing on GDMT [Class IIa]
  • LVEF ≤ 30%, ischemic etiology of HF, SR with LBBB ≥ 150 msec and NYHA Class I symptoms on GDMT [Class IIb]
  • LVEF ≤ 35%, SR with non-LBBB with QRS 120-149 msec, NYHA Class III/ambulatory Class IV HF on GDMT [Class IIb] LVEF ≤ 35%, SR with non-LBBB with QRS ≥ 150 msec, NYHA Class II HF on GDMT [Class IIb]

You CAN'T join if...

  • Existing CRT device
  • Inability of patient capacity to provide consent for themselves either due to medical or psychiatric comorbidity
  • Pregnancy
  • Participation in other trials
  • Difficulty with follow-up


  • The University of California, Los Angeles
    Los Angeles California 90095 United States
  • Edward Hospital
    Naperville Illinois 60540 United States


in progress, not accepting new patients
Start Date
Completion Date
University of Chicago
Study Type
Last Updated