Summary

Eligibility
for people ages 3-17 (full criteria)
Location
at UCSF
Dates
study started
estimated completion

Description

Summary

This phase II randomized trial studies how well high dose flu vaccine works in treating children who have undergone done stem cell transplant. Higher dose flu vaccine may build a better immune response and may provide better protection against the flu than the standard vaccine.

Official Title

Comparison of High vs. Standard Dose Flu Vaccine in Pediatric Stem Cell Transplant Recipients

Details

PRIMARY OBJECTIVES: I. To determine whether high-dose trivalent inactivated influenza vaccine (HD-TIV) compared with standard dose quadrivalent inactivated influenza vaccine (QIV) will increase the probability of achieving a >= 4-fold rise in hemagglutination-inhibition (HAI) titers, >= 1:40 HAI titer, or higher geometric mean titer (GMT) to influenza A antigens in pediatric hematopoietic stem cell transplant (HSCT) recipients. SECONDARY OBJECTIVES: I. To determine whether HD-TIV compared with standard dose QIV will increase the probability of achieving a >= 4-fold rise in HAI titers, >= 1:40 HAI titer, or higher GMT titers to influenza B antigens in pediatric HSCT recipients. II. To determine the frequency and severity of solicited local injection site adverse events (e.g. pain/ tenderness, redness, and swelling at injection site) with HD-TIV compared to standard QIV in pediatric HSCT recipients. III. To determine the frequency and severity of solicited systemic adverse events (e.g. fevers, headache, fatigue/malaise, nausea, body ache/myalgia, general activity level, and vomiting) with HD-TIV compared to standard dose QIV in pediatric HSCT recipients. IV. To define the relationship between HAI titers, in vivo T and B cell phenotype, and in vitro influenza-specific T and B cell response in pediatric HSCT recipients receiving either HD-TIV or standard dose QIV. V. To correlate HAI responses to microneutralization responses. VI. To compare the persistent HAI and microneutralization (MN) titers for all four antigen seven months after the last vaccine dose to assess for persistence of antibody titers. VII. To compare influenza detection by PCR during influenza season in pediatric HSCT recipients receiving either HD-TIV or standard dose QIV. VIII. To assess HAI and MN response in children vaccinated during year 1 and revaccinated during year 2 using the same antigen dose. OUTLINE: Patients are randomized to 1 of 2 treatment groups. GROUP I (Experimental): Patients receive HD-TIV intramuscularly (IM) on day 0 and day 28. GROUP II (Standard): Patients receive standard dose QIV IM on day 0 and day 28. After completion of study treatment, patients are followed up at 28-42 days, and at 7 months.

Keywords

Hematopoietic Cell Transplantation Recipient Malignant Neoplasm Influenza Neoplasms Vaccines Trivalent Influenza Vaccine Quadrivalent Influenza Vaccine Laboratory Biomarker Analysis

Eligibility

For people ages 3-17

  1. Inclusion criteria
  2. Allogeneic HSCT recipients who are 3-35 months post-transplant;
  3. 3-17 years of age, inclusive;
  4. Available for duration of study;
  5. Patients with stable GVHD for at least 4 weeks will be eligible (stable is defined as having no major increases in systemic immunosuppressive therapy for GVHD; adjustments of established medications to obtain a stable target level are acceptable and do not impact eligibility). Parent/legal guardian willing and capable of signing written informed consent;
  6. Parent/legal guardian expected to be available for entire study;
  7. Parent/legal guardian can be reached by telephone and/or electronic communication.
  8. Subjects must have a platelet count of ≥30,000 to receive the immunizations. Patients requiring platelet transfusions are eligible to enroll and must have a platelet count ≥30,000 within 72 hours prior to their immunization, or platelet count ≥75,000 without transfusion documented within 30 days for subjects <12 months post-transplant and within 90 days for subjects 12-35 months post-transplant.
  9. Exclusion criteria
  10. History of hypersensitivity to previous influenza vaccination or severe hypersensitivity to eggs/egg protein;
  11. History of Guillain-Barre syndrome;
  12. Evidence of hematologic malignancy or disease relapse post-transplant (stable mixed chimerism is permitted);
  13. History of receiving current year seasonal influenza vaccine post-transplant;
  14. Pregnant female;
  15. History of proven influenza disease after September 1, 2018 prior to enrollment
  16. Non-allogeneic (e.g. autologous) or syngeneic hematopoietic SCT recipients;
  17. History of known active infection with HIV, Hepatitis B or Hepatitis C;
  18. History of known severe latex hypersensitivity;
  19. . Subjects who have received stem cell boost or delayed donor lymphocyte infusion within 90 days prior to enrollment, including day of enrollment;
  20. . Receipt of IVIG/SCIG <27 days prior to calendar day of vaccination;
  21. . Subjects who have participated in year 1 and/or 2 of the study, and received study vaccine

Criteria for temporarily delaying vaccine administration: The following conditions are temporary or self-limiting, and a subject may be included in the study once the condition has resolved, provided that the subject is otherwise eligible: 1). Fever ≥100.4ºF/38.0ºC (oral measurement), or an acute illness within 48 hours of enrollment 2). Receipt of any live vaccines within four weeks or any inactivated vaccines within two weeks prior to potential study vaccination.

Note: if patients were eligible for vaccine 1, they will be eligible to receive vaccine 2 regardless of any changes on their GVHD status, unless it is deemed not medically safe to receive influenza vaccine.

For subjects who were enrolled and vaccinated in 2016-17, 2017-18, or 2018-19, the goal is to enroll individuals who participated in the previous influenza season year and administer the same vaccination as the previous year. These subjects are referred to as repeaters. For example, subjects enrolled in 2016-17 could re-enroll in 2017-18, subjects enrolled in 2017-18 could re-enroll in 2018-19, and subjects in 2018-19 are deemed eligible to re-enroll in 2019-20 as repeaters. Subjects may only enroll as a repeater one time and must enroll the year after their original enrollment. Subjects must receive at least one vaccine to be eligible as a repeater in the subsequent year.

Enrollment Criteria for Subjects who Participated in the previous influenza season

  • Repeaters will retain their original study ID and their randomization number
  • Previous screen failures will not be enrolled.
  • If visit 4 from the previous influenza season and visit 1 from the current influenza season year occur on the same day, lab results from visit 4 (prior to consent) can be part of visit 1.
  • Inclusion criteria
  • Available for duration of study;
  • Patients with stable GVHD for at least 4 weeks will be eligible (stable is defined as no major change in systemic immunosuppressive therapy for worsening GVHD; adjustment of actual dose to obtain a stable target level is acceptable).
  • Subjects must have a platelet count of ≥30,000 to receive the immunizations. Patients requiring platelet transfusions are eligible to enroll and must have a platelet count ≥30,000 within 72 hours prior to their immunization, or platelet count ≥75,000 without transfusion documented within 30 days for subjects <12 months post-transplant and within 90 days for subjects 12-35 months post-transplant.
  • Parent/legal guardian willing and capable of signing written informed consent;
  • Parent/legal guardian expected to be available for entire study;
  • Parent/legal guardian can be reached by telephone and/or electronic communication.
  • Exclusion criteria
  • History of hypersensitivity to previous influenza vaccination or severe hypersensitivity to eggs/egg protein;
  • History of Guillain-Barre syndrome;
  • Evidence of hematologic malignancy or disease relapse post-transplant (stable mixed chimerism is permitted);
  • History of receiving current year seasonal influenza vaccine post-transplant;
  • Pregnant female;
  • History of proven influenza disease after September 1, 2019 but prior to enrollment
  • History of known active infection with HIV, Hepatitis B or Hepatitis C;
  • Subjects who have received stem cell boost or delayed donor lymphocyte infusion within 90 days of enrollment, including day of enrollment
  • Receipt of IVIG/SCIG <27 days prior to calendar day of vaccination
  • . Non-allogeneic (e.g. autologous) or syngeneic hematopoietic SCT recipients;
  • . Subjects who have participated in year 1 and/or 2 of the study and received study vaccine.

Criteria for temporarily delaying vaccine administration: The following conditions are temporary or self-limiting, and a subject may be included in the study once the condition has resolved, provided that the subject is otherwise eligible: 1). Fever ≥100.4ºF/38.0ºC (oral measurement), or an acute illness within 48 hours of enrollment 2). Receipt of any live vaccines within four weeks or any inactivated vaccines within two weeks prior to potential study vaccination.

Note: if patients were eligible for vaccine 1, they will be eligible to receive vaccine 2 regardless of any changes on their GVHD status, unless it is deemed not medically safe to receive influenza vaccine.

Note: Previous Screen failures who were not vaccinated can be enrolled and will be assigned the same study ID number.

Criteria for temporarily delaying vaccine administration: The following conditions are temporary or self-limiting, and a subject may be included in the study once the condition has resolved, provided that the subject is otherwise eligible: 1). Fever ≥100.4ºF/38.0ºC (oral measurement), or an acute illness within 48 hours of enrollment 2). Receipt of any live vaccines within four weeks or any inactivated vaccines within two weeks of study vaccination.

Locations

  • UCSF Children's Hospital
    San Francisco California 94158 United States
  • Seattle Children's Hospital Research Institute
    Seattle Washington 98101 United States

Details

Status
in progress, not accepting new patients
Start Date
Completion Date
(estimated)
Sponsor
Vanderbilt-Ingram Cancer Center
ID
NCT02860039
Phase
Phase 2 research study
Study Type
Interventional
Last Updated