for people ages 18-99 (full criteria)
study started
estimated completion



The study objective of Period 1 (Day 1 to Week 24) is to compare the safety and efficacy of 30 mg once daily (QD) and 15 mg QD upadacitinib versus placebo for the treatment of signs and symptoms of participants with moderately to severely active RA who were on a stable dose of csDMARDs and had an inadequate response to or intolerance to at least 1 bDMARD. The study objective of Period 2 (Week 24 to Week 240) is to evaluate the long-term safety, tolerability, and efficacy of upadacitinib 30 mg QD and 15 mg QD in participants with RA who completed Period 1.

Official Title

A Phase 3, Randomized, Double-Blind Study Comparing Upadacitinib (ABT-494) to Placebo on Stable Conventional Synthetic Disease-Modifying Anti-Rheumatic Drugs (csDMARDs) in Subjects With Moderately to Severely Active Rheumatoid Arthritis With Inadequate Response or Intolerance to Biologic DMARDs (bDMARDs)


This study includes a 35-day screening period; a 24-week randomized, double-blind, parallel-group, placebo controlled treatment period (Period 1); a 216-week blinded long-term extension period (Period 2); and a 30-day follow-up period (call or visit).

Period 1 consists of a 12-week double-blind, placebo-controlled treatment phase plus a 12-week double-blind phase where all participants were to receive upadacitinib; at Week 12 participants assigned to placebo will be switched to upadacitinib according to their randomization assignment.

Participants who meet eligibility criteria will be randomized in a 2:2:1:1 ratio to one of four treatment groups:

  • Group 1: Upadacitinib 30 mg QD (Day 1 to Week 12) → upadacitinib 30 mg QD (Week 12 and thereafter)
  • Group 2: Upadacitinib 15 mg QD (Day 1 to Week 12) → upadacitinib 15 mg QD (Week 12 and thereafter)
  • Group 3: Placebo (Day 1 to Week 12) → upadacitinib 30 mg QD (Week 12 and thereafter)
  • Group 4: Placebo (Day 1 to Week 12) → upadacitinib 15 mg QD (Week 12 and thereafter) Participants will continue stable dose of csDMARD therapy for the first 24 weeks of the study.

Participants who complete the Week 24 visit (end of Period 1) will enter the blinded long-term extension portion of the study, Period 2 and continue to receive the same dose of upadacitinib per original randomization assignment in a blinded manner. Starting at Week 24, at least 20% improvement in both swollen joint count (SJC) and tender joint count (TJC) compared to Baseline is required to remain on study drug. Starting at Week 24, initiation of or change in corticosteroids, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), acetaminophen, or adding or increasing doses in up to 2 csDMARDs (concomitant use of up to 2 csDMARDs except the combination of methotrexate and leflunomide) is allowed as per local label.


Rheumatoid Arthritis Musculoskeletal Disease Arthritis Joint Disease Anti-inflammatory agents Antirheumatic agents ABT-494 upadacitinib Arthritis, Rheumatoid Upadacitinib 15 mg Upadacitinib 30 mg


You can join if…

Open to people ages 18-99

  • Diagnosis of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) for≥ 3 months.
  • Treated for ≥ 3 months with ≥ 1 bDMARD therapy, but continue to exhibit active RA or had to discontinue due to intolerability or toxicity, irrespective of treatment duration prior to the first dose of study drug.
  • Participant has been receiving csDMARD therapy ≥ 3 months and on a stable dose for ≥ 4 weeks prior to the first dose of study drug. The following csDMARDs are allowed: methotrexate (MTX), sulfasalazine, hydroxychloroquine, chloroquine, and leflunomide. A combination of up to two background csDMARDs is allowed except the combination of MTX and leflunomide.
  • Meets both of the following criteria:
  • ≥ 6 swollen joints (based on 66 joint counts) and ≥ 6 tender joints (based on 68 joint counts) at Screening and Baseline Visits.
  • hsCRP ≥ 3mg/L at Screening Visit.

You CAN'T join if...

  • Prior exposure to any Janus kinase (JAK) inhibitor (including but not limited to tofacitinib, baricitinib, and filgotinib).
  • History of any arthritis with onset prior to age 17 years or current diagnosis of inflammatory joint disease other than RA (including but not limited to gout, systemic lupus erythematosus, psoriatic arthritis, axial spondyloarthritis including ankylosing spondylitis and non-radiographic axial spondyloarthritis, reactive arthritis, overlap connective tissue diseases, scleroderma, polymyositis, dermatomyositis, fibromyalgia [currently with active symptoms]). Current diagnosis of secondary Sjogren's Syndrome is permitted.


  • University of California, Los Angeles /ID# 148348
    Los Angeles California 90095 United States
  • Robin K. Dore MD, Inc /ID# 150908
    Tustin California 92780 United States
  • Pacific Arthritis Ctr Med Grp /ID# 142783
    Los Angeles California 90045 United States


in progress, not accepting new patients
Start Date
Completion Date
Related Info.
Phase 3
Study Type
Last Updated