Summary

Eligibility
for people ages 18 years and up (full criteria)
Healthy Volunteers
healthy people welcome
Location
at UCLA
Dates
study started
estimated completion
Principal Investigator
by Lin Chang, MD (ucla)

Description

Summary

This is a feasibility study to assess the utility of magnetically controlled capsule endoscopy in the evaluation of gastroparesis and functional dyspepsia

Official Title

AnX/Ankon Navicam Magnetically Controlled Capsule Endoscopy Feasibility Study in Gastric Motility

Details

Gastroparesis and functional dyspepsia can both present with abdominal pain, dyspepsia, nausea, emesis, or early satiety. Gastroparesis is a syndrome defined as delayed gastric emptying. Functional dyspepsia is a symptom-based diagnosis in which the pathophysiology is multifactorial. Delayed gastric emptying is present in 25-35% of patients with functional dyspepsia. The study investigators propose the Navicam magnetically controlled capsule endoscopy (MCCE) system as a potential new method of evaluating gastric motility disorders. The MCCE is FDA approved for visualization of the stomach. The ability to visualize gastric peristalsis in real time, without interference from an endoscope, has never been demonstrated. The MCCE system could allow physicians to evaluate gastric motility with a test that has clear advantages over the current methods: it is fast, non-invasive, and has no radiation exposure, has artificial intelligence (AI) capabilities, while at the same time provides a visual assessment of the gastric anatomy. In this pilot feasibility study, the study investigators plan to enroll 5 male and female adult healthy volunteers, 5 male and female patients with gastroparesis, 5 male and female patients with functional dyspepsia (epigastric pain syndrome and/or postprandial distress syndrome with or without gastric emptying delay), and 2 patients with gastroparesis who have undergone a G-POEM procedure. The study investigators will compare gastric motor patterns in the different sections of the stomach and symptoms during fasting and a sham meal between groups.

Keywords

Gastroparesis, Dyspepsia, Magnetically Controlled Capsule Endoscopy, Functional Dyspepsia, G-POEM

Eligibility

You can join if…

Open to people ages 18 years and up

Must meet one of the following categories:

  1. Gastroparesis

Meets diagnostic criteria for gastroparesis:

  1. Evidence of delayed gastric emptying documented with a standard 2 hour or 4 hour gastric emptying scintigraphy exam
  2. Absence of mechanical obstruction
  3. Exhibits cardinal symptoms of early satiety, post-prandial fullness, nausea, vomiting, bloating, and upper abdominal pain

Gastrointestinal cardinal symptom index (GCSI) score > 0 (i.e., the presence of at least mild severity of >1 of 3 symptoms of nausea/vomiting, postprandial fullness/early satiety, and/or bloating).

  1. Functional Dyspepsia

Meets Rome IV diagnostic criteria for functional dyspepsia:

  1. Criteria fulfilled for the last 3 months with symptom onset at least six months prior to diagnosis
  2. No evidence of organic, systemic, or metabolic disease that is likely to explain the symptoms on routine investigations (including at upper endoscopy)
  3. Meet criteria for Epigastric pain syndrome and/or Postprandial distress syndrome

Epigastric Pain Syndrome At least 1 of the following symptoms at least 1 day per week

  1. Bothersome epigastric pain
  2. Bothersome epigastric burning

Postprandial Distress Syndrome At least 1 of the following symptoms at least 3 days per week

  1. Bothersome postprandial fullness
  2. Bothersome early satiation
  3. G-POEM
  4. The G-POEM procedure must have been performed at least 4 weeks prior to screening.
  5. GCSI score is < 3 which correlates to mild or less symptom severity.
  6. Controls

None of the above conditions

You CAN'T join if...

  1. Another active disorder or treatment which could explain or contribute to symptoms in the opinion of the Investigator (including but not limited to gastric malignancy, neurological disorder, or heavy doses of strong anticholinergics).
  2. Gastrectomy, fundoplication, vagotomy, bariatric surgery, post-surgical cause of gastroparesis, or gastric stimulation device surgically implanted within the last year. Prior G-POEM procedure for gastroparesis is allowed for the group of post-G-POEM study subjects.
  3. Dysphagia, swallowing disorder
  4. Suspected bowel obstruction or perforation
  5. Gastric or parenteral feeding within 4 weeks of screening
  6. Pregnancy or nursing
  7. History of an eating disorder within 2 years of screening
  8. Recent history (within six months of screening) of Alcohol Use Disorder or Substance Use Disorder as defined in DSM-5.
  9. Uncontrolled thyroid disease
  10. . Unstable cardiac, respiratory, hepatic or renal disease
  11. . Evidence of uncontrolled blood glucose (including HbA1C >9 or metabolic crisis in past 60 days).
  12. . Use of prohibited medication or medication with anti-nausea, antiemetic, neuromodulating, or prokinetic effect within 2 weeks of the screening visit EXCEPT when administered on a stable daily dosing schedule (stable for at least 1 month prior to the screening visit).
  13. . Use of as needed or daily opioids within the past 1 month.
  14. . Pyloric injection of neurotoxins (e.g. botulinum type A or B) within 3 months of the Screening visit.
  15. . Altered mental status (e.g., hepatic encephalopathy) that limits the ability to swallow a capsule
  16. . Expected to have Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) examination within 30 days.
  17. . No reliable contact information - no phone, no permanent address.
  18. . Pacemaker or ICD
  19. . Inability to avoid using the bathroom for urination and/or bowel movements for the duration of the study.
  20. . Metal Implant (ie metal hip arthroplasty, surgical mesh, coronary or arterial stent)
  21. . Prior bowel surgery
  22. . Severe claustrophobia
  23. . Any other reason as determined by the Investigator which may lead to an unfavorable risk-benefit of study participation, may interfere with study compliance, or may confound study results.

Location

  • University of California Los Angeles accepting new patients
    Los Angeles California 90095 United States

Lead Scientist at University of California Health

  • Lin Chang, MD (ucla)
    Professor, Medicine. Authored (or co-authored) 5 research publications

Details

Status
accepting new patients
Start Date
Completion Date
(estimated)
Sponsor
University of California, Los Angeles
ID
NCT05004012
Study Type
Interventional
Participants
Expecting 17 study participants
Last Updated