Summary

Eligibility
for females ages 18-45 (full criteria)
Healthy Volunteers
healthy people welcome
Location
at UCSF
Dates
study started
completion around
Principal Investigator
by Heather G Huddleston, MD (ucsf)
Headshot of Heather G Huddleston
Heather G Huddleston

Description

Summary

PCOS is the most common endocrine disorder of reproductive aged women. In addition to menstrual and endocrine abnormalities, PCOS is characterized by insulin resistance and glycemic dysregulation. The pattern of glycemic abnormalities among patients with PCOS may be different than the general population, as evidenced by invasive, time consuming, and costly procedures such as the euglycemic clamp or oral glucose tolerance test. Continuous glucose monitoring (CGM) offers an opportunity to evaluate glycemic status in real world conditions. Furthermore, use of a CGM has been found to improve glycemic status among those with prediabetes and diabetes, but little is known about utility among patients with PCOS. The investigators thus seek to 1) characterize glycemic status using CGM among patients with PCOS and 2) assess the impact of CGM use on metabolic and reproductive health in patients with PCOS.

Details

Study synopsis:

Recruitment:

  • PCOS participants will be recruited from those who are being seen or have previously been seen at the UCSF multidisciplinary PCOS clinic.
  • Non-PCOS participants will be recruited from patients being seen at the UCSF Center for Reproductive Health for other clinical evaluations or research projects.

Study protocol:

Aim 1:

Pre-DEXCOM evaluation:

PCOS participants:

  • As part of routine clinical care all PCOS participants will have had the following procedures completed:
  • Blood work for fasting and 2 hour glucose/insulin, hgba1c, CRP, lipid panel, liver enzymes, SHBG, free and total testosterone, DHEAS, androstenedione, 17-OH-Progesterone, prolactin, TSH, FSH, LH, E2, estrone, Vit D.
  • Screening questionnaires on physical exercise using validated International Physical Activity Questionnaire
  • In person clinical evaluation including physical exam and history.
  • In person transvaginal ultrasound assessment.
  • The above are part of standard of care screening for patients with concern for PCOS and are currently routinely completed at the UCSF Center for Reproductive Health in this setting.
  • Participants will also be asked to complete a 10 question validated fatigue assessment scale (FAS)

Non-PCOS participants:

  • Participants will have blood work for fasting and 2 hour glucose/insulin, hgba1c, CRP, lipid panel, liver enzymes, SHBG, free and total testosterone, DHEAS, androstenedione, 17-OH- Progesterone, prolactin, TSH, FSH, LH, E2, estrone, Vit D obtained.
  • Screening questionnaires on physical exercise using validated International Physical Activity Questionnaire will be obtained.
  • Participants will be asked to complete the same intake questionnaires that PCOS participants complete as part of standard of care practices in the UCSF multidisciplinary PCOS clinic, which include questions on ethnicity, family, medical, and social history.
  • If blood work was not completed as part of standard of care for routine clinical evaluation or as part of a previously completed research study in which the patient provided consent for their data to be used in other trials, the above labs will be collected and paid for by the research protocol.
  • Participants will also be asked to complete a 10 question validated fatigue assessment scale (FAS)

Procedures:

DEXCOM evaluation:

  • PCOS and non-PCOS participants will be given a DEXCOM CGM to wear for 10 days. During this time they will be blinded to the results of the DEXCOM.
  • Participants will be asked to complete the automated self-administered 24-hour dietary assessment (ASA24) tool, which is a web based, validated 24 hour dietary record program, produced by the National Cancer Institute (NCI)/Nation Institute of Health and made available free of charge to researchers.
  • As part of the ASA24 participants will also be asked about their sleep quality the night prior to their dietary record. See attached module.
  • All participants will be asked to complete the ASA24 during a 24 hour period while wearing the CGM.

Aim 2:

Recruitment:

  • From those participants with PCOS recruited for Aim 1, a subgroup with evidence of dysglycemia (as outlined in the inclusion criteria) will be recruited for aim 2.
  • Participants will be randomized in a 3:1 fashion to intervention with CGM vs control.

Procedures:

Intervention group:

  • All participants will receive standard of care nutrition and exercise advice from a trained registered dietician.
  • Participants randomized to the intervention arm will also receive education on how to use and monitor blood glucose using the DEXCOM G7 CGM and associated phone application.
  • Participants will be asked to use a CGM continuously for 90 days.
  • After 90 days blood work for fasting and 2 hour glucose/insulin, hgba1c, CRP, lipid panel, liver enzymes, SHBG, free and total testosterone, DHEAS, androstenedione, 17-OH-Progesterone, prolactin, TSH, FSH, LH, E2, estrone, Vit D will be obtained.
  • After 90 days participants will also be asked to repeat a 10 question validated fatigue assessment scale (FAS)
  • After 90 days participants will be asked about their menstrual cycle pattern over the 90 day period

Control group:

  • All participants will receive standard of care nutrition and exercise advice from a trained registered dietician.
  • After 90 days blood work for fasting and 2 hour glucose/insulin, hgba1c, CRP, lipid panel, liver enzymes, SHBG, free and total testosterone, DHEAS, androstenedione, 17-OH-Progesterone, prolactin, TSH, FSH, LH, E2, estrone, Vit D will be obtained.
  • After 90 days, participants in the control group will be given the opportunity to receive CGM devices to monitor blood glucose up to 30 days with education on how to use the device and associated phone application to monitor blood glucose.
  • After 90 days participants will also be asked to repeat a 10 question validated fatigue assessment scale (FAS)
  • After 90 days participants will be asked about their menstrual cycle pattern over the 90 day period

Data Management:

Clinical and laboratory data will be stored in a Research Electronic Data Capture (REDCap) system designed by Dr. Huddleston and research staff. Fields will be designed by study coordinators with input from key investigators. Our team has extensive experience with REDCap architecture and utilization.

Keywords

PCOS (Polycystic Ovary Syndrome) of Bilateral Ovaries, Dysglycemia, Insulin Resistance, continuous glucose monitor, Polycystic Ovary Syndrome, Syndrome, DEXCOM Continuous Glucose Monitor (CGM)

Eligibility

You can join if…

Open to females ages 18-45

For aim 1:

  • Aged 18-45
  • Female sex
  • Agree to wear a CGM for 10 days
  • Have access to an apple or android smart phone for CGM monitoring
  • Are able to be characterized as PCOS or non-PCOS using the 2003 Rotterdam criteria for

    PCOS of 2 or more of the following: 1) biochemical or clinical hyperandrogenism, 2) polycystic ovarian morphology on transvaginal ultrasound, and/or 3) oligo-amenorrhea

For aim 2:

  • All of the inclusion criteria for aim 1
  • Meet 2003 Rotterdam criteria for PCOS as above
  • Evidence of baseline glycemic dysregulation including any of the following: 1) elevated fasting glucose (100-125 mg/dL), 2) elevated 2 hour glucose (140-200 mg/dL), 3) elevated fasting insulin (>10 mIU/mL), 4) elevated 2 hour insulin (>40 mIU/mL), 5) elevated Hgba1c (5.7- 6.4)

You CAN'T join if...

For both aims 1 and 2:

  • Use of metformin or other anti-diabetic agents
  • Diagnosis of type I or II diabetes mellitus (including those found to have fasting glucose >126, 2 hour glucose >200, Hgba1c >6.5)
  • Prior or current use of CGM

Location

  • UCSF Center for Reproductive Health accepting new patients
    San Francisco California 94158 United States

Lead Scientist at University of California Health

  • Heather G Huddleston, MD (ucsf)
    Dr. Heather Huddleston is a specialist in reproductive endocrinology (hormonal function) and infertility. She cares for patients with a wide array of reproductive and fertility concerns. She has special interests in polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), recurrent pregnancy loss and uterine disorders, including Asherman's syndrome (a condition involving scar tissue in the uterus).

Details

Status
accepting new patients
Start Date
Completion Date
(estimated)
Sponsor
University of California, San Francisco
ID
NCT06050265
Study Type
Interventional
Participants
Expecting 56 study participants
Last Updated