Summary

for males ages 35-79 (full criteria)
at UCLA
study started
estimated completion:

Description

Summary

The recently published LA Barbershop in the New England Journal of Medicine (Victor et al. N Engl J Med 2018; 378: 1291-301) solid evidence of the efficacy of a pharmacist-led medication management intervention to reduce blood pressure in black men that patronize barbershops. One of the most significant logistical inefficiencies of the LA Barbershop Study was the amount of time the pharmacists spent driving for face-to-face visits with participants. On average, each round trip was 40 miles and pharmacists drove 2 hours per day. By using telemedicine, the study team can minimize the number of face-to-face in-person visits and increase pharmacist efficiency by 25%. the study team aim to increase the scalability of our novel, evidence-based barbershop model by addressing this inefficiency with the pilot study. In the LA Barbershop trial, each participant averaged 7 in-person visits in 6 months. the study team found that the initial in-person visits between the pharmacist, barber, and patron were essential for establishing trust as well as obtaining baseline electrolyte and serum creatinine levels (with our validated point-of-care device, iSTAT). However, once rapport has been established and blood pressure control achieved, the study team postulate that the effect can be maintained remotely with telemedicine. Our data indicate that most patients' can achieve their blood pressure goal in 3 months or less. the study team propose replacing additional in-person visits with telemonitoring (via Skype or FaceTime) at this juncture, provided blood chemistries are stable. the study team plan to pilot this in 20 patients from 2 to 3 barbershops for 12 months.

Official Title

Telemedicine and the Barbershop Model of Hypertension Care for Black Men

Details

recently published in the New England Journal of Medicine (Victor et al. N Engl J Med 2018; 378: 1291-301) solid evidence of the efficacy of a pharmacist-led medication management intervention to reduce blood pressure in black men that patronize barbershops.

the study enrolled a cohort of 319 hypertensive non-Hispanic black male patrons from 52 black-owned barbershops in Los Angeles County into a cluster-randomized trial in which barbershops (non-traditional health care setting) were assigned to either a pharmacist-led intervention (in which barbers encouraged in-person meetings with pharmacists who then prescribed drug therapy under a collaborative practice agreement with the participants' doctors) or an active control approach (in which barbers encouraged lifestyle modification and doctor appointments).

At 6 months, the mean systolic blood pressure fell by 27.0 mmHg in the intervention group and by 9.3 mmHg in the control group. A blood pressure level of less than 130/80 was achieved in 64% of the participants in the intervention versus 12% of participants in the control group.

the study team are applying for this grant as a first step in transitioning this evidence-based intervention into a scalable program. Specifically, the study team will do a pilotstudy to test whether the impressive effects on blood pressure can be maintained just as well if face-to face meetings are substituted with telemonitoring after blood pressure is at goal. If successful this approach would markedly increase efficiency by increasing the number of patients a single pharmacist can manage.

Non-Hispanic black men have the highest rate of hypertension-related death of any racial, ethnic, or sex group in the United States. Black men have less physician interaction than black women and lower rates of hypertension treatment and control, necessitating community outreach. Because black men with hypertension often have multiple cardiovascular risk factors, marked reductions in blood pressure - if sustained with the use of our approach and then initiated more widely - might reduce the high rates of hypertension-related disability and death among black men in the United States.

The study team want to demonstrate that participants in this pilot can achieve similar blood pressure reduction at 12 months (as compared to those in our previous trial) when telemedicine is substituted for in-person pharmacist visits after 3 months.

Keywords

Hypertension High Blood Pressure African American Men Blood Pressure measurement and pharmacy

Eligibility

You can join if…

Open to males ages 35-79

  • Non-Hispanic Black Men
  • Age 35 to 79 years-old
  • Able to give informed consent
  • Long-term/frequent barbershop patronage (>8 haircuts at the same barbershop in the last 12 months)
  • systolic BP ≥140 on 2 different screening days, and complete set of baseline data
  • Each participant should have their own personal smart cell phone with video chat capability (needed for telemedicine)

You CAN'T join if...

  • Women
  • Men < 35 years old or Men >79 years old
  • Non-black
  • Hispanic Ethnicity
  • New/infrequent patronage (<8 haircuts at same barbershop in last 12 months);
  • Kidney dialysis.
  • Receiving chemotherapy for cancer. Systolic BP <140 at either screening and incomplete baseline data.

Location

  • Cedars-Sinai Medical Center accepting new patients
    Los Angeles California 90048 United States

Details

Status
accepting new patients
Start Date
Completion Date
(estimated)
Sponsor
Cedars-Sinai Medical Center
ID
NCT03726710
Phase
Phase 1
Study Type
Interventional
Last Updated