Summary

for people ages 18 years and up (full criteria)
at UCLA
study started
estimated completion
Jennifer A Sumner(ucla)

Description

Summary

This study will test whether endothelial dysfunction could be the early subclinical mechanism by which posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) increases cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk, and whether posttraumatic fear—a key component of PTSD—or another PTSD dimension could be the target to offset that risk. The results of this study may help trauma-exposed individuals who are at risk of having CVD events.

Official Title

Key Dimensions of Post-traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) and Endothelial Dysfunction (ED)

Details

Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) increases risk of incident cardiovascular disease (CVD) by 25-50%. Most individuals (50-90%) experience a traumatic event in their lifetime, and PTSD is the fifth most common psychiatric disorder. Experts have now called for increased CVD surveillance after trauma and for PTSD treatment trials powered to reduce CVD risk. However, both CVD risk and PTSD are complex phenomena that likely interact in nuanced ways. This study will determine which PTSD dimension(s) contribute to endothelial dysfunction, one of the earliest modifiable precursors to CVD. The investigators will examine cross-sectional and longitudinal associations of PTSD and its underlying dimensions with functional and, secondarily, cellular measures of endothelial dysfunction (FMD and circulating endothelial cell-derived microparticles, respectively) in a community-dwelling sample of CVD-free adult men and women with a history of trauma (50% with current PTSD).

Keywords

Trauma PTSD Endothelial Dysfunction Stress Disorders, Post-Traumatic Psychophysiological fear conditioning and extinction task Eyetracking task

Eligibility

You can join if…

Open to people ages 18 years and up

  • Aged 18+ years
  • History of exposure to a psychological trauma (e.g., natural disaster, physical assault)
  • Fluent in English
  • Willing to and capable of providing informed consent

Additional Inclusion Criteria for the PTSD Group

  • Diagnosed with current PTSD (duration of at least 1 month) using the Clinician-Administered PTSD Scale for Diagnostic and Statistical Manual 5th Edition (DSM-5) (CAPS-5) at the diagnostic interview assessment

You CAN'T join if...

  • History of CVD (i.e., diagnosis of myocardial infarction, unstable angina, heart failure, peripheral artery disease, or stroke)
  • Deemed unable to comply with the protocol (either self-selected or by indicating during screening that could not complete all requested tasks)
  • Current bipolar disorder or psychotic disorder
  • Mild or more severe cognitive impairment [Mini-Mental State Exam (MMSE)3 score ≥18]
  • Current moderate or severe substance use disorder
  • Acute, unstable, or severe medical disorder
  • Deemed to need immediate psychiatric intervention (e.g., active suicidality)
  • Use of antipsychotic, mood stabilizer, antidepressant, or stimulant medication in the past 4 weeks
  • Daily benzodiazepine use in the past 2 weeks

Additional Exclusion Criteria for the Trauma-Exposed Matched Control Group

  • Current or past diagnosis of any DSM-5 psychiatric disorder
  • CAPS-5 total score ≥25

Location

  • UCLA accepting new patients
    Los Angeles California 90095 United States

Lead Scientist

Details

Status
accepting new patients
Start Date
Completion Date
(estimated)
Sponsor
University of California, Los Angeles
ID
NCT03778307
Study Type
Observational
Last Updated