Skip to main content

Cardiovascular Disease clinical trials at University of California Health

44 in progress, 22 open to eligible people

Showing trials for
  • A Study of Experimental Ralinepag in Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension

    open to eligible people ages 18 years and up

    Study ROR-PH-301, ADVANCE OUTCOMES, is designed to assess the efficacy and safety of ralinepag when added to pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) standard of care or PAH-specific background therapy in subjects with World Health Organization (WHO) Group 1 PAH.

    at UC Davis UCLA UCSD

  • A Study of Ralinepag to Evaluate Effects on Exercise Capacity by CPET in Subjects With WHO Group 1 PH

    open to eligible people ages 18 years and up

    Study ROR-PH-302, ADVANCE CAPACITY, is designed to evaluate the effects of ralinepag therapy on exercise capacity as assessed by change in peak oxygen consumption (VO2) derived from cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPET) after 28 weeks of treatment

    at UCSD

  • A Study of the Effect of Orange Juice or Sugar-Sweetened Beverages on Risk Factors for Type 2 Diabetes and Cardiovascular Disease

    “In this study, the study team will provide meals and either sugar-sweetened beverages or orange juice.”

    open to eligible people ages 18-50

    The objectives of this proposal are to address the gaps in knowledge regarding the metabolic effects of consuming orange juice, the most frequently consumed fruit juice in this country, compared to sugar-sweetened beverage.

    at UC Davis

  • A Study of the Safety and Effectiveness of Experimental Tendyne Mitral Valve System for Mitral Regurgitation (backflow of blood)

    open to eligible people ages 18 years and up

    Prospective, controlled, multicenter clinical investigation with three trial cohorts: Randomized, Non-repairable, and Severe Mitral Annular Calcification (MAC). Subjects in the Randomized cohort will be randomized in a 1:1 ratio to the trial device or to the MitraClip system. Subjects in the Non-repairable and Severe MAC cohorts will receive the trial device. The objective of the Clinical Trial to Evaluate the Safety and Effectiveness of Using the Tendyne Transcatheter Mitral Valve System for the Treatment of Symptomatic Mitral Regurgitation (SUMMIT) is to evaluate the safety and effectiveness of the Tendyne Transcatheter Mitral Valve System for the treatment of patients with symptomatic, moderate-to-severe or severe mitral regurgitation or for patients with symptomatic mitral valve disease due to severe mitral annular calcification. This randomized controlled trial will provide the opportunity to evaluate the safety and clinical benefits of the Tendyne Transcatheter Mitral Valve System compared to the MitraClip System in patients with symptomatic, moderate-to-severe or severe mitral regurgitation, within approved MitraClip indications. In addition, the safety and effectiveness of the Tendyne Transcatheter Mitral Valve System will be evaluated in patients with severe mitral annular calcification who are at prohibitive risk for mitral valve surgery. Patients who are not suitable for mitral valve surgery for reasons other than severe mitral annular calcification and are also not suitable for transcatheter repair with MitraClip, will be enrolled in the Non-repairable cohort. Subjects will be seen at screening, pre- and post-procedure, discharge, 30 days, 3 months, 6 months, and annually through 5 years.

    at UC Davis UCSF

  • Acute Assessment of Platelet Reactivity After the Intake of Oleocanthal

    open to eligible males ages 20-45

    The investigators have previously observed a reduced level of platelet aggregation 2 hours after healthy male individuals were asked to drink extra virgin olive oil (EVOO) that provided a higher level of one specific phenolic known as oleocanthal. This study will help the investigators further determine the effects of oleocanthal-rich EVOO intake on platelet function at 2, 4 and 6 hours after intake with food compared to platelet function in the morning after an overnight fast.

    at UC Davis

  • Chardonnay Marc and Vascular Response

    open to eligible males ages 30-50

    This study aims to obtain data on the potential influence of Vine to Bar product(s) containing Chardonnay marc on cardiometabolic health. These initial studies will inform the design and timing of data collection for future dietary intervention trials that will examine the influence of Chardonnay marc intake on outcomes/biomarkers of both cardiometabolic health and the gut microbiome. This includes collecting data on the potential differences in response to the products based on the unique food matrix for each of the products that will be tested. Moreover, as there is a paucity of data on the influence of cocoa flavanol intake on vascular function beyond 4 hours post intake, the response of the selected outcomes will be assessed after 6 hours of flavanol intake. This is a time point that captures the increased circulating presence of microbial derived flavanol metabolites.

    at UC Davis

  • Cigarette Harm Reduction With Electronic Cigarette Use

    open to eligible people ages 21-70

    This is an observational, crossover study that will be examine use behaviors, chemical exposures, and biological effects of SREC compared to TC use in subjects confined to a research ward setting.

    at UCSF

  • Comparing Perclose to Statseal in Conjunction With Perclose in Femoral 6 French Arteriotomy Closure

    open to eligible people ages 18 years and up

    The purpose of this clinical study is to compare how well two different devices for achieving hemostasis perform in patients undergoing transfemoral procedures with 6 French Access. Both devices are approved by the FDA for this use, and have already been used by clinicians on patients undergoing transfemoral procedures. It is believed that the use of both devices in combination compared to the Perclose alone will shorten the time that it takes to 'seal' the artery, resulting in a shorter period of time that patients would need to lay flat.

    at UCLA

  • Effect of PCSK9 Inhibition on Cardiovascular Risk in Treated HIV Infection (EPIC-HIV Study)

    open to eligible people ages 40 years and up

    Atherosclerosis in the setting of HIV infection is distinct and includes increased vascular inflammation, worsened endothelial function, and a predominance of non-calcified plaque. These outcomes can be assessed using specialized noninvasive imaging which strongly predict future CV events in the general population. PCSK9 has emerged as an important pharmacologic target for cholesterol lowering in the general population and recent studies among individuals without HIV have shown that PCSK9 inhibitor therapy is safely tolerated and significantly reduces major CV events in the general population. The investigators will perform a clinical trial of PCSK9 inhibition in the setting of HIV infection. This will be a randomized, placebo-controlled study to evaluate the effects of PCSK9 inhibition on vascular inflammation, endothelial function, and non-calcified plaque using a PCSK9 inhibitor called alirocumab. This study will recruit 140 treated individuals with HIV who are aged 40 and older, with known CVD or risk factors for CVD and who have evidence of vascular inflammation at baseline. The primary and secondary objective of this study is to determine whether PCSK9 inhibition can improve arterial inflammation as assessed by FDG-PET/CT and endothelial function as assessed by flow mediated vasodilation. The investigators will correlate changes in arterial inflammation and endothelial function with lipids and markers of inflammation and immune activation. The tertiary objective is to perform a pilot evaluation of the impact of PCSK9 inhibition on non-calcified plaque as measured by coronary CT angiography. Non-calcified plaque measurements will be correlated with changes in lipid parameters and markers of inflammation and immune activation.

    at UCSF

  • Healing Our Hearts Minds and Bodies: CVD Reduction in Persons With HIV

    open to eligible people ages 18 years and up

    "Healing our Minds and Bodies" (HHMB) uses a a hybrid type II effectiveness/implementation study design to increase both patient and organizational readiness to address trauma and CVD risk among African American and Latino persons living with HIV or AIDS (PLWHIV).

    at UCLA

  • Response of Cardiometabolic Biomarkers and Gut Microbiota to Walnut Consumption

    open to eligible people ages 45-70

    The purpose of this research is to test if eating walnuts will cause any changes in blood lipids (like good and bad cholesterol, for example) and levels of inflammation in the blood, as well as changes in the bacteria living in the gut.

    at UC Davis

  • Secondhand Tobacco Smoke and Cardiovascular Disease

    open to eligible people ages 40 years and up

    This is a double-blind randomized placebo-controlled crossover clinical trial of efficacy and safety of an FDA-approved angiotensin receptor blocker (losartan) to improve cardiopulmonary outcomes in individuals with pre-Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) due to prolonged exposure to secondhand tobacco smoke.

    at UCSF

  • Short-Term Cardiovascular Effects of E-Cigarettes: Influence of E-Liquid pH

    open to eligible people ages 21-70

    This study will examine the short-term cardiovascular (CV) effects of e-liquid pH in a randomized, crossover clinical and behavioral pharmacology study of experienced adult e-cigarette users (N=21). The specific aim of the study is to assess the impact of changes in e-liquid pH on nicotine pharmacokinetics, cardiovascular, and subjective effects of e-cigarettes.

    at UCSF

  • Social Engagement Strategies to Improve Medication Adherence

    open to eligible people ages 50 years and up

    In this pilot study, investigators, in partnership with Resource Centers for Minority Aging Research (RCMAR) mentorship team and the MyMeds program, will enroll patients from MyMeds with diabetes, atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease, or congestive heart failure with poor medication adherence (medication adherence percentage<80% for statin or antihypertensive therapy) who report having a least one loved one or friend (e.g., spouse) whom they consider to be invested in their health, and with whom they would be willing to share focused medical information about medication adherence in the form of text messages. Participants will be randomized into either a private feedback arm or social network arm. In the private feedback arm, participants will only receive private consultations from a pharmacist regarding their medication adherence rates. In the social network arm, participants and their chosen loved one or friend will receive bi-weekly feedback text messages regarding the participant's medication adherence. Investigators will evaluate the effects of this social network intervention on medication adherence and examine the program's acceptability among study participants. This proposal is innovative because it leverages social networks-largely unused in medical care-for health improvement.

    at UCLA

  • Stress Management and Resiliency Training Following Acute Myocardial Infarction

    open to eligible people ages 18 years and up

    The goal of this pilot study is to use total body PET/CT imaging to examine the relationships between stress, amygdala activation, and arterial wall inflammation in participants before and after participating in a multi-modal stress reduction program.

    at UC Davis

  • Study of Inclisiran to Prevent Cardiovascular (CV) Events in Participants With Established Cardiovascular Disease

    open to eligible people ages 40 years and up

    Study CKJX839B12302 is a pivotal Phase III trial to evaluate the benefits of inclisiran on major adverse cardiovascular (MACE) events in participants with established cardiovascular disease (CVD).

    at UCLA

  • THC Crossover Study

    open to eligible people ages 21 years and up

    This is a randomized, crossover study enrolling experienced dual cannabis-tobacco smokers (N=18) to describe the differences in THC and toxicant exposure, examining pharmacokinetic, subjective, and cardiovascular effects from smoking and vaping dry herb cannabis. This study will also examine the differences in toxicant exposure and cardiovascular disease risk between smoking cannabis and smoking tobacco cigarettes.

    at UCSF

  • The Effects of a Mobile Health Intervention and Health Coach Text Messaging on Cardiovascular Risk of Older Adults

    open to eligible people ages 60 years and up

    This study, "Fitness Intensive Therapy (Get FIT) to Promote Healthy Living in Older Adults", will test a mobile-health based intervention which includes use of a Fitbit activity tracker for 3 months, a smartphone application that tracks daily food intake, and one 45 minute counseling session to create personal goals and provide patient education by a health coach; versus Get FIT+ (the same items) plus personalized text messages focusing on participant's activity and nutrition progress as monitored in the app, from the health coach for 3 months. The investigators will measure the impact on participant's diet, physical activity, clinical outcomes, psychosocial well-being, and engagement.

    at UC Irvine

  • The EMPOWER Trial - The Carillon® Mitral Contour System® in Treating Heart Failure With at Least Mild FMR

    open to eligible people ages 18 years and up

    The objective of this prospective, randomized, blinded clinical trial is to assess the safety and efficacy of the CARILLON Mitral Contour System in treating heart failure with at least mild functional regurgitation.

    at UCLA UCSF

  • Walnut Study

    “Postmenopausal Women Needed for a Research Study”

    open to eligible females ages 45-65

    This study seeks to confirm and extend previous finding that four weeks of daily intake of 40 g of walnuts improve microvascular function, increasing the reactive hyperemia index (RHI), effects which were greatest in individuals with the worst initial RHI and correlating to circulating levels of vasoactive plasma epoxides. The current trial will enroll postmenopausal women who are at risk for cardiovascular disease due to their menopausal status and increased central adiposity. The initial trial focused on non-esterified (i.e. plasma) derived oxylipins, but substantial and unique changes were also observed in the esterified lipoprotein pool. The current study will add the esterified lipoprotein pool, important, as the mechanisms by which walnut intake influences endothelial function are currently undefined, but may include lipoprotein induced modulation of vascular hemostasis. As a secondary objective, primary metabolism and urolithin metabotype will be analyzed as a way to capture the influence of potential differences in habitual diet and metabolism on physiologic response. Therefore, this study will combine measures of cardiovascular physiology, metabolomics, and walnut-derived metabolite analyses to assess the 12 week influence of 40 g of daily walnut intake on the health of overweight and obese postmenopausal women.

    at UC Davis

  • Clinical Transcriptomics in Systemic Vasculitis (CUTIS)

    open to eligible people ages 5 years and up

    Multi-center observational study to evaluate the histopathology and transcriptome of cutaneous lesions in patients with several different types of vasculitis.

    at UCLA

  • Longitudinal Study for Eosinophilic Granulomatosis With Polyangiitis (Churg-Strauss)

    open to all eligible people

    Eosinophilic granulomatosis with polyangiitis (Churg-Strauss) (EGPA) is a rare immune system disorder that causes asthma, an excessive number of eosinophils (a type of white blood cell) in the blood, and the inflammation of blood vessels, or vasculitis. In order to properly treat EGPA, it is critical that the level of disease activity can be determined over the course of the disease. The purpose of this study is to determine new biological markers, or biomarkers, that may be used to assess the severity of this disease in people with EGPA.

    at UCSD

  • A Study of Experimental Ralinepag for Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension (PAH)

    Sorry, accepting new patients by invitation only

    Study ROR-PH-303, ADVANCE EXTENSION, is an open-label extension (OLE) study for participants with WHO Group 1 PAH who have participated in another Phase 2 or Phase 3 study of ralinepag.

    at UC Davis UCLA UCSD

  • A Study to Evaluate the Effect of Testosterone Replacement Therapy (TRT) on the Incidence of Major Adverse Cardiovascular Events (MACE) and Efficacy Measures in Hypogonadal Men

    Sorry, in progress, not accepting new patients

    This is a blinded and placebo-controlled study of topical testosterone replacement therapy (TRT) in symptomatic hypogonadal men with increased risk for cardiovascular (CV) disease.

    at UCLA UCSD

  • Addressing Social Vulnerabilities in Cardiovascular Disease

    Sorry, not yet accepting patients

    The investigators will conduct a feasibility study of an enhanced transitional care intervention, that will: 1) automate identification and risk-stratification of patients with CHF and IHD with social vulnerabilities; 2) incorporate a new standardized social vulnerabilities screening tool into clinical care; 3) enable electronic referrals to community resources; and 4) add novel community-based interventions to the existing medically-oriented transitional care intervention that is the standard of care at the study hospital (Parkland Hospital in Dallas, Texas) and other hospitals nationwide.

    at UCSF

  • Assessing the Impact of Lipoprotein (a) Lowering With Pelacarsen (TQJ230) on Major Cardiovascular Events in Patients With CVD

    Sorry, in progress, not accepting new patients

    This is a pivotal phase 3 study designed to support an indication for the reduction of cardiovascular risk in patients with established CVD and elevated Lp(a)

    at UCSF

  • Cholesterol and Inflammation Lowering Via Bempedoic Acid, an ACL-inhibiting Regimen in HIV Trial (CLEAR HIV Trial)

    Sorry, not yet accepting patients

    This is a randomized placebo-controlled study in treated and suppressed HIV-infected individuals aged ≥40 years with either known CVD or 1 CVD risk factor to study the effect of Bempedoic acid (BA) on safety, arterial inflammation as assessed by FDG-PET/CT, lipids, inflammation, immune activation, cardiometabolic indices, and non-calcified plaque (NCP) in the coronary arteries (assessed by coronary CT angiography, CCTA). This trial will be enrolled at UCSF, UCLA, and University of Utah; collaborators at Massachusetts General Hospital (MGH) will serve as the core facility for imaging.

    at UCLA UCSF

  • Dietary Treatment Study of Fat Synthesis and Risk of Cardiovascular Disease

    Sorry, in progress, not accepting new patients

    The purpose of this study is to find out how the amount of fat or sugar in a person's diet, or the number of meals eaten each day, affect the amount of fat that people's bodies make, the types of fats in the bloodstream, and how much fat is stored in the liver. The study is funded by the National Institutes of Health.

    at UCSF

  • Doravirine Versus Integrase Inhibitors on Backbone of Emtricitabine and Tenofovir Alafenamide in HIV

    Sorry, not yet accepting patients

    This research application will explore the impact of the Non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor (NNRTI) doravirine in the setting of established Nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors (NRTIs) backbone [Tenofovir alafenamide (TAF) / Emtricitabine (FTC) as a possible therapeutic strategy to minimize the detrimental impact of ART-related toxicities on metabolism and instigators of atherosclerosis. Given the possible favorable role of NNRTI in pathogenesis of HIV-related dyslipidemia and cardiovascular disease (CVD), this research will provide mechanistic insights into HIV pathogenesis and safety data regarding doravirine (DOR). These data may promote DOR as a robust "HDL friendly" and "metabolism friendly", therapeutic agent that may attenuate morbidity in chronic treated HIV infection. Towards this aim, the investigators will study DOR-related effects on HDL (HDL-C levels and function) and ex vivo assays that determine key molecular determinants of atherogenesis.

    at UCLA

  • Effect of IL--1β Inhibition on Inflammation and Cardiovascular Risk

    Sorry, in progress, not accepting new patients

    The purpose of this study is to evaluate the effects of IL-1β inhibition on safety, measures of systemic and vascular inflammation and endothelial function (all indicators of cardiovascular risk) in treated and suppressed HIV infected individuals This study will assess the safety and effects of canakinumab on endothelial function (assessed by flow-mediated vasodilation [FMD] of the brachial artery), vascular inflammation (assessed by FDG-PET/CT scanning), key inflammatory markers of cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk (high-sensitivity C-reactive protein [hsCRP]), interleukin-6 (IL-6), soluble CD163 (sCD163), D-dimer, T-cell and monocyte activation in the blood, and size of the HIV reservoir. 20 individuals will receive a single dose of 150mg canakinumab with follow-up for 18 weeks.

    at UCSF

  • Enhancing Capacity in Churches to Implement PA Programs

    Sorry, not yet accepting patients

    Despite the benefits of physical activity (PA) to prevent cardiovascular disease and other chronic diseases, few adult Latinas meet PA guidelines. Given the central role of churches within the Latino community and their commitment to the well-being of their members, they are ideal settings for health promotion. Evidence-based interventions (EBIs) for increasing PA and reducing obesity exist, but few PA interventions go to scale. Investigators propose to enhance Faith in Action with three organization-level strategies designed to increase program fit and effectiveness: 1) training church leaders in health promotion; 2) tailoring messaging to enhance fit between Faith in Action and each unique church environment; and 3) empowering community health workers (promotoras) to advocate for organizational change. Given the need to improve strategies to sustain health programs in community settings, investigators will test the influence of two additional sustainment strategies: 1) strengthening community collaborations and 2) providing technical support. Thirty-two churches will be randomly assigned to a Standard EBI group (Faith in Action as originally implemented), an Enhanced group (Standard intervention + organizational-level implementation strategies), or an Enhanced + Sustainment group (Enhanced implementation group + sustainment strategies). Investigators will test the proposed implementation strategies on organization-level change and individual behavior in diverse churches for a 12-month intervention and 6-month follow-up period. The proposed study aims to: 1) Test the short and long-term impacts of organization-level implementation strategies in 2 Enhanced conditions on organizational outcomes compared to the Standard EBI condition and 2) Examine individual behavior change among Latinas (N=812) in churches in the 2 Enhanced conditions compared to the Standard EBI condition. The study's primary hypothesis is that Latina's receiving the Enhanced interventions will increase their PA levels significantly more than those receiving the Standard Faith in Action intervention, and the improvements in PA will be sustained. If successful, findings from the current study will provide evidence of organizational-level strategies for uptake, sustainment, and implementation strategies for scale-up of PA interventions to increase PA and reduce chronic disease in churches across the US.

    at UCSD

  • Evaluating the Use of Pitavastatin to Reduce the Risk of Cardiovascular Disease in HIV-Infected Adults

    Sorry, in progress, not accepting new patients

    People infected with HIV are at risk for cardiovascular disease (CVD). This study will evaluate the use of pitavastatin to reduce the risk of CVD in adults infected with HIV who are on antiretroviral therapy (ART). The REPRIEVE trial consists of two parallel identical protocols: - REPRIEVE (A5332) is funded by the NHLBI, with additional infrastructure support provided by the NIAID, and is conducted in U.S and select international sites (approximately 120 sites in 11 countries). - REPRIEVE (EU5332) is co-sponsored by NEAT ID and MGH, and is conducted at 13 sites in Spain.

    at UCLA UCSD UCSF

  • Heart Exercise And Resistance Training - Peer Lead ActivitY

    Sorry, accepting new patients by invitation only

    Numerous studies show that regular physical activity / exercise significantly improves exercise tolerance as well as clinical outcomes in cardiovascular disease (CVD). Exercise as a reliable adjunctive intervention, however, remains limited due to poor short- as well as long-term adherence. The study examines the effectiveness of the peer-led Heart Exercise And Resistance Training - Peer Lead ActivitY (HEART-PLAY) intervention to significantly sustain exercise adherence among CR patients, as compared a standard CR intervention. In a rigorous cluster randomized controlled trial at the UCSD Step Family Cardiovascular Rehabilitation and Wellness Center, the study assesses the HEART-PLAY intervention program in 264 socioeconomically and ethnically diverse women and men 18+ years old who have been referred to standard CR. Participants in the HEART-PLAY and in the STANDARD CR programs will both participate in 36 sessions of CR across approximately 12 weeks, as prescribed by their physician. Participants in HEART-PLAY will additionally receive peer and staff leadership, self-monitoring tools and feedback, group education and materials, and motivational, goal-setting, and relapse prevention counseling sessions. The study will demonstrate that the peer-led HEART-PLAY program based in the clinic setting will significantly enhance the primary study endpoint of adherence to 150 min/week of moderate physical activity/week.

    at UCSD

  • INcreasing Statin Prescribing in HIV Behavioral Economics REsearch

    Sorry, in progress, not accepting new patients

    Cardiovascular disease is a major cause of morbidity and mortality among people living with HIV. Recent studies have demonstrated that patients with HIV experience a 50-100% increased risk of myocardial infarction and stroke compared to HIV-uninfected persons. They also face higher risks of stroke, sudden death, and heart failure. However, evidence-based statin therapy-which is safe in this population and highly effective at reducing cardiovascular risk-is under-prescribed. The investigators propose a multi-level intervention to increase evidence-based statin prescribing by addressing barriers at these levels. The implementation intervention includes two strategies: (1) tailored education at the leadership, provider, and patient levels, and (2) behavioral economics-informed feedback for providers.

    at UCLA

  • Insomnia Treatment and Cardiometabolic Health in Older Adults With Posttraumatic Stress Disorder

    Sorry, not yet accepting patients

    This pilot randomized controlled trial will address a gap in knowledge related to addressing modifiable risk factors for cardiometabolic disease through treating residual insomnia, sleep difficulties that remain after successful treatment of another condition, in the context of PTSD in understudied older adults. This study provides a non-medication treatment for PTSD called Cognitive Processing Therapy (CPT) followed by one of two non-medication sleep education and treatment programs for sleep problems that remain after completing PTSD treatment in older adults with PTSD. The aims of this project are to evaluate 1) the added benefits of treating residual insomnia on sleep and PTSD symptoms; 2) the added benefits of treating residual insomnia following CPT on cardiometabolic risk biomarkers and quality of life; and 3) the durability of the sleep, PTSD, cardiometabolic and quality of life benefits of treating residual insomnia following CPT at 6-month follow-up in older adults with PTSD.

    at UCLA

  • International Study of Comparative Health Effectiveness With Medical and Invasive Approaches (ISCHEMIA)

    Sorry, in progress, not accepting new patients

    The purpose of the ISCHEMIA trial is to determine the best management strategy for higher-risk patients with stable ischemic heart disease (SIHD). This is a multicenter randomized controlled trial with 5179 randomized participants with moderate or severe ischemia on stress testing. A blinded coronary computed tomography angiogram (CCTA) was performed in most participants with eGFR ≥60 mL/min/1.73m2 to identify and exclude participants with either significant unprotected left main disease (≥50% stenosis) or those without obstructive CAD (<50% stenosis in all major coronary arteries). Of 8518 participants enrolled, those that had insufficient ischemia, ineligible anatomy demonstrated on CCTA or another exclusion criterion, did not go on to randomization. Eligible participants were then assigned at random to a routine invasive strategy (INV) with cardiac catheterization followed by revascularization, if feasible, plus optimal medical therapy (OMT) or to a conservative strategy (CON) of OMT, with cardiac catheterization and revascularization reserved for those who fail OMT. SPECIFIC AIMS A. Primary Aim The primary aim of the ISCHEMIA trial is to determine whether an initial invasive strategy of cardiac catheterization followed by optimal revascularization, if feasible, in addition to OMT, will reduce the primary composite endpoint of cardiovascular death, nonfatal myocardial infarction, resuscitated cardiac arrest, or hospitalization for unstable angina or heart failure in participants with SIHD and moderate or severe ischemia over an average follow-up of approximately 3.5 years compared with an initial conservative strategy of OMT alone with catheterization reserved for failure of OMT. B. Secondary Aims Secondary aims are to determine whether an initial invasive strategy compared to a conservative strategy will improve: 1) the composite of CV death or MI; 2) angina symptoms and quality of life, as assessed by the Seattle Angina Questionnaire; 3) all-cause mortality; 4) net clinical benefit assessed by including stroke in the primary and secondary composite endpoints; and 5) individual components of the composite endpoints. Condition: Coronary Disease Procedure: Coronary CT Angiogram Procedure: Cardiac catheterization Phase: Phase III per NIH Condition: Cardiovascular Diseases Procedure: Angioplasty, Transluminal, Percutaneous Coronary, other catheter-based interventions Phase: Phase III per NIH Condition: Heart Diseases Procedure: Coronary Artery Bypass Surgery Phase: Phase III per NIH

    at UC Irvine UCLA UCSF

  • ObeSity and Jobs in SoCioeconomically Disadvantaged CommUnities: A Randomized CLinical Precision Public HealTh Intervention --The SCULPT-Job Study

    Sorry, accepting new patients by invitation only

    This is an interventional research study about clinical, psychosocial, and behavioral factors that impact weight loss, weight maintenance, and cardiovascular disease in socially disadvantaged persons.

    at UCSF

  • Use of Stable Carbon And Nitrogen Isotopes to Improve Dietary Assessment for Cardiovascular Disease

    Sorry, not yet accepting patients

    In this research study, the investigators will use a novel approach to measure what people eat. The goal is to find out whether stable isotopes that can be measured in blood, hair, and fingernails are better at measuring what people eat than the surveys that are currently used. To meet the goal, the investigators will do three things. First, the investigators will feed study participants known amounts of foods and nutrients. Second, after study participants have eaten the food, the investigators will measure stable isotopes in samples of study participants' blood, hair, and fingernails. Third, the investigators will determine how well these samples reflect what was eaten. The investigators will also give surveys to study participants to determine how well the surveys reflect what was eaten. This will allow the investigators to do a relative comparison of the measurements from isotopes and surveys.

    at UCSD

  • Vaping High vs. Low Nicotine E-Liquid

    Sorry, not yet accepting patients

    This study will examine the effects of electronic cigarette e-liquid nicotine content in a randomized, crossover clinical and behavioral pharmacology study of experienced adult e-cigarette users (N=36). The specific aim is to determine the impact of nicotine content of e-liquid on nicotine pharmacology, systemic exposure to toxic volatile organic compounds, and short-term cardiovascular effects.

    at UCSF

  • Virtual Care Strategies to Improve Participation in Cardiac Rehabilitation Among Veterans

    Sorry, not yet accepting patients

    Home-based CR (HBCR) is an alternative to traditional CR programs that has comparable efficacy in improving morbidity/mortality and increases access to critical services. There is major potential to improve Veteran engagement in CR by combining digital coaching (d-Coaching) with existing VA-supported technologies. The investigator's theory-based intervention targets a critical component of successful CR engagement that is not available through traditional programs: virtual social support through a social network. In addition, the investigators propose to improve self-efficacy and self-regulation through interactive digital multi-media education, personalized feedback, and motivation so that Veterans can complete the prescribed HBCR program and maintain physical activity long-term. This RCT will evaluate the effects of HBCR alone (usual care) versus HBCR + d-Coaching, including a private social media group (Movn), optimized Annie text messaging, VA Video Connect, and connected devices (Fitbits). The investigators will randomly assign 150 Veterans from 2 HBCR programs to a 3-month intervention. The addition of d- Coaching to existing digital technologies will be operationalized by using a private social media group to provide social support, education, personalized feedback, and motivation. The investigators aim to determine the effect of the d-Coaching intervention on: a) the number of completed HBCR sessions over 3 months, b) functional capacity, c) physical activity, c) psychosocial outcomes, d) clinical outcomes, and e) social cognitive factors of self-efficacy, self-regulation, and perceived social support over 12 months. The investigators will also evaluate the extent to which self-efficacy, self-regulation, and perceived social support mediate the effect of the intervention on function and physical activity.

    at UCSF

  • Continuation of the nuMoM2b Heart Health Study

    Sorry, not yet accepting patients

    Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the leading cause of mortality and morbidity in U.S. women at all ages, and large knowledge gaps exist in CVD predictive and preventative strategies for women. The nuMoM2b Heart Health Study (nuMoM2b-HHS) has followed a demographically diverse cohort of women enrolled and richly phenotyped during their first pregnancy, with data and biospecimens prospectively collected for up to 7 years thereafter. The overarching scientific goal of this study is to define the relationship between adverse pregnancy outcomes (APOs) and CVD to optimize CVD prediction, prevention, and treatment strategies for women. Continued follow-up of this observational cohort, building on a foundation of existing high-quality data, biospecimens, and administrative structures with a robust framework for ancillary study development and implementation, provides a unique opportunity to address knowledge gaps regarding the early mechanisms and trajectory of CVD in women.

    at UC Irvine

  • Innovative Support for Patients With SARS-COV2 Infections (COVID-19) Registry (INSPIRE)

    Sorry, in progress, not accepting new patients

    The Innovative Support for Patients with SARS COV-2 Infections Registry (INSPIRE) study is a CDC-funded COVID-19 project to understand the long-term health outcomes in recently tested adults, both negative and positive, who have suspected COVID symptoms at the time of their test. Participants will complete short online surveys every 3 months for 18 months, share information about their health using a secure web-based platform, and are compensated for their time.

    at UCLA UCSF

  • Mediators of Atherosclerosis in South Asians Living in America

    Sorry, not currently recruiting here

    South Asian (Indian, Pakistani, Bangladeshi, Nepali, and Sri Lankan) individuals have high rates of cardiovascular disease that is not explained by traditional cardiovascular risk factors. Though South Asians represent over one-quarter of the world's population, there are no longitudinal studies in this high-risk ethnic group. The investigators aim to establish a longitudinal study of South Asians at three United States centers to identify risk factors linked to subclinical atherosclerosis and incident cardiovascular disease. The purpose of this study is to understand the causes of heart disease and stroke in South Asians and compare these causes to those in other United States ethnic groups.

    at UCSF

  • The Longitudinal Evaluation of Ovarian Aging and Cardiovascular Risk

    Sorry, accepting new patients by invitation only

    Despite significant improvements in prevention and treatment of cardiovascular disease (CVD), the growing aging population suggests CVD will continue to pose a significant public health burden. Women are a special group where microvascular disease is more common and traditional risk factors may not fully identify risk. Women's reproductive history (e.g. menarcheal age, menstrual cycles, infertility, pregnancy, menopause) may pose unique risk and suggests an opportunity for new approaches. The investigators propose a women-centered approach for early identification of women at risk that investigates the unique loss of reproductive function at an age long before other vital systems fail. Despite its importance, little is known about the determinants or correlates of ovarian aging, or the health implications, especially in diverse communities. Only recently have reliable biomarkers of the remaining oocyte pool been available for use in normally cycling women. This availability gives us a unique opportunity to characterize the association between "ovarian age" (cross-sectional) and the rate of "ovarian aging" or oocyte decline over time (longitudinal) and the health implications of accelerated oocyte loss. The investigators hypothesize ovarian age/aging provides a window onto the general health of women. The investigators suggest it is not the progressive deficiency of estrogen with menopause that increases risk, but common underlying cellular aging mechanisms first evident in young populations as lower ovarian reserve (follicle number) due to the unique sensitivity of the ovary. Studies of cellular aging focused on mitochondrial dysfunction, oxidative stress, inflammation, and telomere length have identified correlations with CVD risk. Improved understanding of the mechanisms of cellular aging suggests telomere shortening and dysfunction may drive mitochondrial dysfunction and potentially the parallel between cellular aging and CVD. The oocyte is particularly sensitive to mitochondrial dysfunction, having 10 times the number of mitochondria as any somatic cell. Additionally, mitochondrial dysfunction and telomere shortening have been associated with ovarian aging. This begs the question of whether, given the susceptibility of the ovary to mitochondrial dysfunction, accelerated ovarian aging may be a harbinger of subsequent CVD risk. To address this critical question, the investigators propose to leverage the largest and most ethnically diverse population of normal reproductive-aged women, with detailed measures of ovarian age, and to deploy peripheral endothelial function testing, a non-invasive sensitive marker of early CVD risk. Ovarian aging is thought to be largely genetically determined, but the impact of race/ethnicity has not been fully explored. Evaluating the impact of ethnicity on ovarian aging, and combining this information with the impact of modifiable behavioral risk factors, may help clarify CVD risk in young, ethnically-diverse, reproductive-age women. The investigators believe improving our understanding of factors that affect the rate of oocyte/follicle loss and the relationship with CVD risk factors will promote a novel method to identify women at earlier and/or increased cardiac risk.

    at UCSF

Our lead scientists for Cardiovascular Disease research studies include .

Last updated: