TRC-PAD Program: In-Clinic Trial-Ready Cohort
The purpose of the TRC-PAD study is to develop a large, well-characterized, biomarker-confirmed, trial-ready cohort to facilitate rapid enrollment into AD prevention trials utilizing the APT Webstudy and subsequent referral to in-clinic evaluation and biomarker confirmation. Participants with known biomarker status may have direct referral to the Trial-Ready Cohort.
If you are interested in being selected for the TRC-PAD study, you should first enroll in the APT Webstudy (https://www.aptwebstudy.org/welcome).
Trial Ready Cohort for the Prevention of Alzheimer's Dementia (TRC-PAD)
TRC-PAD study is short for the "Trial-Ready Cohort for the Prevention of Alzheimer's Dementia". The purpose of the TRC-PAD study is to find many people (also called a "cohort") who are interested in participating in clinical trials aimed at discovering treatments that will reduce the risk of developing Alzheimer's dementia. TRC-PAD will help researchers enroll participants into these trials quickly to allow new treatments to be discovered as soon as possible.
The TRC-PAD study is for individuals, age 50 and older, who may be at increased risk for memory loss caused by Alzheimer's disease. To join the TRC-PAD study, you first need to be invited to complete an in-person TRC-PAD visit.
How can I be invited to an in-person visit for TRC-PAD? Members of the Alzheimer Prevention Trials (APT) Webstudy complete online questionnaires and memory tests. The results of these tests will identify individuals as being eligible for an in-person TRC-PAD visit. If you are not enrolled in the APT Webstudy, you may be invited to an in-person visit for TRC-PAD because other tests or procedures you have had suggest you might be eligible to participate.
How might the TRC-PAD Study help researchers learn more about Alzheimer's disease dementia? Alzheimer's disease remains one of the most important medical conditions for which there is no treatment. Among the top ten causes of death, Alzheimer's disease is the only one that cannot be prevented, cured, or even slowed. To change this, researchers are conducting clinical trials to find new treatments. These trials need to study large numbers of individuals and follow participants over long periods of time. The goal of TRC-PAD is to identify individuals for these trials. TRC-PAD will find a group of people who may be "at-risk" for developing Alzheimer's dementia in the future and are appropriate for prevention trials.
How does TRC-PAD decide that I may have an increased risk for developing Alzheimer's dementia? A person's risk for developing Alzheimer's dementia is determined by a number of factors including family history, performance on memory tests, and biological tests called biomarkers. Biomarkers are measurements in parts of the body - like blood tests or brain scans - to help assess the presence of, or potential to develop, a disease.
If I decide to join TRC-PAD, what happens? Individuals in the TRC-PAD study will complete several assessments to see if they qualify to join the cohort. This will include biomarker testing (via Positron Emission Tomography (PET) brain scan or spinal fluid collection), tests of memory and thinking, questionnaires about daily functioning, mood and behavior, genetic testing and routine blood and urine tests. Individuals who are determined to eligible to enroll in TRC will come back to the clinic every 6 months for brief longitudinal follow-up visits with questionnaires and testing until that individual qualifies for a clinical trial.
You can join if…
Open to people ages 50-85
- Provision of signed and dated informed consent form
- Stated availability and willingness to comply with all study procedures until referred to a clinical trial
- Age 50-85 (inclusive)
- Global Clinical Dementia Rating (CDR) score of 0 or 0.5 and no diagnosis of dementia
- Has a study partner that is willing to participate as a source of information and has at least weekly contact with the participant (contact can be in-person, via telephone or electronic communication). The study partner must have sufficient contact such that the investigator feels the study partner can provide meaningful information about the participant's daily function.
- In good general health as evidenced by medical history
- Adequate visual and auditory acuity to allow neuropsychological testing
- Fluent in English or Spanish
For females who are not surgically sterile or post-menopausal by two years, receiving a Positron Emission Tomography (PET) scan for amyloid biomarker confirmation: negative pregnancy test prior to amyloid PET scan
10. Completed six grades of education or has a good work history 11. Evidence of elevated or intermediate (subthreshold) levels brain amyloid as assessed
by central review of amyloid PET or cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) data. Prior amyloid testing results may be used with approval from the Coordinating Center.
You CAN'T join if...
- Treatment with an another anti-amyloid investigational anti-amyloid drug or other experimental intervention within 12 months. Use of aducanumab or other approved anti-amyloid treatments allowed if stable for at least 3 months.
- Enrolled in another interventional clinical trial within the last 12 weeks
- Any significant neurologic disease such as Alzheimer's disease dementia, Parkinson's disease, multi-infarct dementia, Huntington's disease, normal pressure hydrocephalus, brain tumor, progressive supranuclear palsy, seizure disorder, subdural hematoma, multiple sclerosis, or history of significant head trauma followed by persistent neurologic deficits or known structural brain abnormalities.
- Major depression, bipolar disorder as described in DSM-V within the past 1 year or psychotic features, agitation or behavioral problems within 3 months, which could lead to difficulty complying with the protocol
- History of schizophrenia (DSM V criteria)
- History of alcohol or substance abuse or dependence within the past 2 years (DSM V criteria)
- Clinically significant or unstable medical condition, including uncontrolled hypertension, uncontrolled diabetes, or significant cardiac, pulmonary, renal, hepatic, endocrine, or other systemic disease in the opinion of the Investigator, may either put the participant at risk because of participation in the study, or influence the results, or the participant's ability to participate in the study.
- History within the last 3 years of a primary or recurrent malignant disease with the exception of non-melanoma skin cancers, resected cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma in situ, basal cell carcinoma, cervical carcinoma in situ, or in situ prostate cancer with normal prostate-specific antigen post-treatment
Clinically significant abnormalities in B12 or thyroid function tests (TFTs) that might interfere with the study. A low B12 is exclusionary, unless follow-up labs (homocysteine (HC) and methylmalonic acid (MMA)) indicate that it is not physiologically significant.
10. Clinically significant abnormalities in screening laboratories or ECG. 11. For participants undergoing CSF collection: a current blood clotting or bleeding
disorder, or significantly abnormal PT or PTT at screening or if on anti-coagulation (e.g. warfarin)
12. Participants whom the Site PI deems to be otherwise ineligible.
- University of California, Davis
Davis California 95616 United States
- University of California, Irvine
accepting new patients
Irvine California 92697 United States
- University of Southern California
accepting new patients
Los Angeles California 90033 United States
Lead Scientist at University of California Health
- Joshua Grill, PhD (uci)
Professor, Psychiatry, School of Medicine. Authored (or co-authored) 106 research publications