This study aims to understand the comparative effectiveness of two PSH models (PB-PSH and SS-PSH) on quality of life and COVID-19 related health behaviors by following for 6 months a cohort of 800 PEH who have been placed in either PB (n=400) or SS (n=400). In a natural observational experiment, participants will complete 6 monthly mobile-based questionnaires exploring quality of life including physical, mental, social, and housing/environmental health, COVID-19 prevention practices (i.e., handwashing, social distancing, face covering), and past-30-day healthcare utilization. A sub-sample of 40 participants living in both PB-PSH and SS-PSH will be qualitatively interviewed longitudinally to help contextualize quantitative findings. Focus groups will also be conducted with providers of PSH and qualitative interviews will be conducted with other key stakeholders to understand perspectives on the challenges of implementing and sustaining COVID-19 related prevention practices while maintaining a continuity of care.
This study will aim to understand the comparative effectiveness of PB-PSH and SS-PSH on patient-centered quality of life, health care utilization, and health behaviors that will reduce COVID-19 risk by following a diverse sample of 800 PEH who are placed in PB-PSH (n = 400) or SS-PSH (n = 400) for 6 months. Barriers and facilitators will also be identified that may affect PSH implementation during the pandemic and its aftermath. The specific aims are:
Aim 1: To test the comparative effectiveness of PB-PSH and SS-PSH on COVID-19-related health behaviors (COVID-19-related personal health practices including social distancing) for PEH over time.
Aim 2: To test the comparative effectiveness of PB-PSH and SS-PSH on patient-centered quality of life (i.e., general life satisfaction; physical, mental, social, and environmental health) for PEH over time.
Aim 3: To test the comparative effectiveness of PB-PSH and SS-PSH on health care utilization health behaviors and unmet need for care for physical health, mental health, substance use disorders, for PEH over time.
Aim 4: To contextualize quantitative findings through longitudinal qualitative inquiry with 40 participants, purposively sampled from PB-PSH and SS-PSH, based on whether they are following social distancing guidelines.
Aim 5: To understand service providers, policy makers, and other stakeholders perspectives on challenges of implementing and sustaining COVID-19-related prevention practices and continuity of care in PSH.