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Stroke clinical trials at University of California Health

29 in progress, 21 open to eligible people

Showing trials for
  • A Study on BMS-986177 for the Prevention of a Stroke in Patients Receiving Aspirin and Clopidogrel

    “Volunteer for research and contribute to discoveries that may improve health care for you, your family, and your community!”

    open to eligible people ages 40 years and up

    The purpose of this clinical study is to determine whether the addition of an oral Factor XIa Inhibitor to Aspirin and Clopidogrel is more effective than standard therapy in secondary stroke prevention.

    at UC Davis UCLA

  • AMPLATZER PFO Occluder Post Approval Study

    open to eligible people ages 18-60

    The purpose of this single arm, multi-center study is to confirm the safety and effectiveness of the AMPLATZER™ PFO Occluder in the post Approval Setting.

    at UCLA UCSF

  • Anticoagulation in ICH Survivors for Stroke Prevention and Recovery

    open to eligible people ages 18 years and up

    Primary Aim: To determine if apixaban is superior to aspirin for prevention of the composite outcome of any stroke (hemorrhagic or ischemic) or death from any cause in patients with recent ICH and atrial fibrillation (AF). Secondary Aim: To determine if apixaban, compared with aspirin, results in better functional outcomes as measured by the modified Rankin Scale.

    at UC Davis UC Irvine UCLA UCSF

  • AtRial Cardiopathy and Antithrombotic Drugs In Prevention After Cryptogenic Stroke

    open to eligible people ages 45 years and up

    Objectives - Primary: To test the hypothesis that apixaban is superior to aspirin for the prevention of recurrent stroke in patients with cryptogenic ischemic stroke and atrial cardiopathy. - Secondary: To test the hypothesis that the relative efficacy of apixaban over aspirin increases with the severity of atrial cardiopathy.

    at UC Irvine UCLA UCSD UCSF

  • ECoG BMI for Motor and Speech Control

    open to eligible people ages 21 years and up

    Test the feasibility of using electrocorticography (ECoG) signals to control complex devices for motor and speech control in adults severely affected by neurological disorders.

    at UCSF

  • FitMi Plus Home Therapy for Stroke Patients

    open to eligible people ages 18-85

    The investigators will investigate the efficacy of a newly developed functional exercise device (FitMi Plus) for people in the chronic stage after a stroke compared to the FitMi Basic (i.e. without functional exercises). FitMi Plus combines objects commonly used during activities of daily living with sensors that can track and record the patient's direction and degree of movement as they perform specific functional tasks described on a computer.

    at UC Irvine

  • GORE® CARDIOFORM Septal Occluder and Antiplatelet Medical Management for Reduction of Recurrent Stroke in Patients With Patent Foramen Ovale (PFO): the REDUCE Post Approval Study

    open to eligible people ages 18-70

    This study will assess the safety and effectiveness of GORE® CARDIOFORM Septal Occluder in a post approval setting and evaluate the quality of operator education and training and transferability of trial experience to a post-market setting.

    at UCLA UCSF

  • Infliximab Therapy for Dolichoectactic Vertebrobasilar Aneurysms

    open to eligible people ages 18 years and up

    Patients harboring dolichoectactic vertebrobasilar (DVB) aneurysms are at risk of suffering SAH, ischemic stroke, and/or brainstem compression and many patients are not offered invasive treatment due to the futility of existing surgical methods. Consequently, there is demand for development of medical therapy for DVB aneurysms

    at UCSF

  • MIND: Artemis in the Removal of Intracerebral Hemorrhage

    open to eligible people ages 18-80

    The primary objective of this multicenter randomized controlled study is to compare the safety and efficacy of minimally invasive hematoma evacuation with the Artemis Neuro Evacuation Device to best medical management for the treatment of intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH).

    at UCLA

  • Multi-arm Optimization of Stroke Thrombolysis

    open to eligible people ages 18 years and up

    The primary efficacy objective of the MOST trial is to determine if argatroban (100µg/kg bolus followed by 3µg/kg per minute for 12 hours) or eptifibatide (135µg/kg bolus followed by 0.75µg/kg/min infusion for two hours) results in improved 90-day modified Rankin scores (mRS) as compared with placebo in acute ischemic stroke (AIS) patients treated with standard of care thrombolysis (0.9mg/kg IV rt-PA or 0.25mg/kg IV tenecteplase or TNK) within three hours of symptom onset. Patients may also receive endovascular thrombectomy (ET) per usual care. Time of onset is defined as the last time the patient was last known to be well.

    at UCLA UCSD UCSF

  • Neonatal Seizure Registry - Developmental Functional EValuation

    open to eligible people ages 2-8

    The NSR-DEV study is a longitudinal cohort study of around 280 Neonatal Seizure Registry participants that aims to evaluate childhood outcomes after acute symptomatic neonatal seizures, as well as examine risk factors for developmental disabilities and whether these are modified by parent well-being.

    at UCSF

  • NOninVasive Intracranial prEssure From Transcranial doppLer Ultrasound Development of a Comprehensive Database of Multimodality Monitoring Signals for Brain-Injured Patients

    open to eligible people ages 18 years and up

    This is an observational study in neurocritical care units at University of California San Francisco Medical Center (UCSFMC), Zuckerberg San Francisco General Hospital (ZSFGH), and Duke University Medical Center. In this study, the investigators will primarily use the monitor mode of the Transcranial Doppler (TCD, non-invasive FDA approved device) to record cerebral blood flow velocity (CBFV) signals from the Middle Cerebral Artery and Internal Carotid Artery. TCD data and intracranial pressure (ICP) data will be collected in the following four scenarios. Each recording is up to 60 minutes in length. Multimodality high-resolution physiological signals will be collected from brain injured patients: traumatic brain injury, subarachnoid and intracerebral hemorrhage, liver failure, and ischemic stroke. This is not a hypothesis-driven study but rather a signal database development project with a goal to collect multimodality brain monitoring data to support development and validation of algorithms that will be useful for future brain monitoring devices. In particular, the collected data will be used to support: Development and validation of noninvasive intracranial pressure (nICP) algorithms. Development and validation of continuous monitoring of neurovascular coupling state for brain injury patients Development and validation of noninvasive approaches of detecting elevated ICP state. Development and validation of approaches to determine most likely causes of ICP elevation. Development and validation of approaches to detect acute cerebral hemodynamic response to various neurovascular procedures.

    at UCSF

  • Recombinant Factor VIIa (rFVIIa) for Hemorrhagic Stroke Trial

    open to eligible people ages 18-80

    The objective of the rFVIIa for Acute Hemorrhagic Stroke Administered at Earliest Time (FASTEST) Trial is to establish the first treatment for acute spontaneous intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) within a time window and subgroup of patients that is most likely to benefit. The central hypothesis is that rFVIIa, administered within 120 minutes from stroke onset with an identified subgroup of patients most likely to benefit, will improve outcomes at 180 days as measured by the Modified Rankin Score (mRS) and decrease ongoing bleeding as compared to standard therapy.

    at UCSD

  • SEACOAST 1- SEdAtion With COllAteral Support in Endovascular Therapy for Acute Ischemic Stroke

    open to eligible people ages 18-85

    SEACOAST 1 is a prospective, randomized, blinded endpoint trial comparing collateral vigor and clinical outcomes, with different forms of GA in patients with acute ischemic stroke due to anterior circulation large vessel occlusion (LVO) undergoing mechanical thrombectomy. The study compares GA with normocarbia (GAN) versus GA with mild hypercarbia (GAH), with a primary outcome of collateral robustness at measured at catheter angiography and clinical efficacy as secondary outcome. It is anticipated that the SEACOAST 1 will be followed by a larger, pivotal trial, SEACOAST 2, with primary clinical endpoints, in which the best method of GA identified in SEACOAST 1 is compared with the alternative strategy of anesthesia care (MAC) with minimal or no sedation. The current study focuses uppn SEACOAST 1, which is to be conducted in University of California, Los Angeles Ronald Reagan Medical Center and Santa Monica Medical Center. All acute stroke patients who arrive to one of these two stroke centers and are deemed eligible for thrombectomy will be considered for the proposed study. Physician-investigators will determine study eligibility. Informed consent to participate in the study will be obtained from legally authorized representatives or competent patients. For non-competent patients without on-scene legally authorize representatives, the consent process will utilize enrollment in emergency circumstances with exemption of informed consent (EFIC).

    at UCLA

  • Sleep for Stroke Management and Recovery Trial

    open to eligible people ages 18 years and up

    The purpose of this study is to determine whether treatment of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) with positive airway pressure starting shortly after acute ischemic stroke or high risk TIA (1) reduces recurrent stroke, acute coronary syndrome, and all-cause mortality 6 months after the event, and (2) improves stroke outcomes at 3 months in patients who experienced an ischemic stroke.

    at UC Davis UC Irvine UCLA UCSD UCSF

  • Stroke Protection With Sentinel During Transcatheter Aortic Valve Replacement

    open to all eligible people

    To demonstrate that use of the Sentinel® Cerebral Protection System significantly reduces the risk of peri-procedural stroke (≤72 hours) after transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR).

    at UC Davis

  • Stroke Recovery Initiative - Registry for Stroke Research Studies

    open to eligible people ages 18 years and up

    The Stroke Recovery Initiative is a nation-wide participant recruitment registry that connects people who have had a stroke with researchers who are working to develop new approaches to improve recovery after stroke.

    at UCSF

  • Telerehabilitation Early After Stroke

    open to eligible people ages 18 years and up

    The purpose of this research study is to assess the feasibility of initiating telerehab in early stages after stroke during patient admission to an inpatient rehabilitation facility. Patients will complete 36 sessions of telerehab 6 days/week up to 8 weeks with a telehealth system provided in their hospital room and at their home. The system will include rehabilitation activities/exercises, education, and assessments to evaluate the patient experience and measure patient outcomes at the end of a 6-week course of telerehab.

    at UCLA

  • Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation as a Neuroprotection in Acute Stroke

    open to eligible people ages 18 years and up

    This proposal is a prospective, single-center, dose-escalation safety, tolerability, feasibility and potential efficacy study of transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) in acute stroke patients with substantial salvageable penumbra due to a large vessel occlusion who are ineligible for intravenous thrombolysis and endovascular therapy.

    at UCLA

  • Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation as a Neuroprotection in Acute Stroke Before and After Thrombectomy

    open to eligible people ages 18 years and up

    This proposal is a prospective, single-center, dose-escalation safety, tolerability, feasibility and potential efficacy study of transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) in acute stroke patients with substantial salvageable penumbra due to a large vessel occlusion before and after endovascular therapy.

    at UCLA

  • Use of a Tonometer to Identify Epileptogenic Lesions During Pediatric Epilepsy Surgery

    open to all eligible people

    Refractory epilepsy, meaning epilepsy that no longer responds to medication, is a common neurosurgical indication in children. In such cases, surgery is the treatment of choice. Complete resection of affected brain tissue is associated with highest probability of seizure freedom. However, epileptogenic brain tissue is visually identical to normal brain tissue, complicating complete resection. Modern investigative methods are of limited use. An important subjective assessment during surgery is that affected brain tissue feels stiffer, however there is presently no way to determine this without committing to resecting the affected area. It is hypothesized that intra-operative use of a tonometer (Diaton) will identify abnormal brain tissue stiffness in affected brain relative to normal brain. This will help identify stiffer brain regions without having to resect them. The objective is to determine if intra-operative use of a tonometer to measure brain tissue stiffness will offer additional precision in identifying epileptogenic lesions. In participants with refractory epilepsy, various locations on the cerebral cortex will be identified using standard pre-operative investigations like magnetic resonance imagin (MRI) and positron emission tomography (PET). These are areas of presumed normal and abnormal brain where the tonometer will be used during surgery to measure brain tissue stiffness. Brain tissue stiffness measurements will then be compared with results of routine pre-operative and intra-operative tests. Such comparisons will help determine if and to what extent intra-operative brain tissue stiffness measurements correlate with other tests and help identify epileptogenic brain tissue. 24 participants have already undergone intra-operative brain tonometry. Results in these participants are encouraging: abnormally high brain tissue stiffness measurements have consistently been identified and significantly associated with abnormal brain tissue. If the tonometer adequately identifies epileptogenic brain tissue through brain tissue stiffness measurements, it is possible that resection of identified tissue could lead to better post-operative outcomes, lowering seizure recurrences and neurological deficits.

    at UCLA

  • Advancing Understanding of Transportation Options

    Sorry, in progress, not accepting new patients

    This Stage II randomized, controlled, longitudinal trial seeks to assess the acceptability, feasibility, and effects of a driving decision aid use among geriatric patients and providers. This multi-site trial will (1) test the driving decision aid (DDA) in improving decision making and quality (knowledge, decision conflict, values concordance and behavior intent); and (2) determine its effects on specific subpopulations of older drivers (stratified for cognitive function, decisional capacity, and attitudinally readiness for a mobility transition). The overarching hypotheses are that the DDA will help older adults make high-quality decisions, which will mitigate the negative psychosocial impacts of driving reduction, and that optimal DDA use will target certain populations and settings.

    at UCSD

  • AMPLATZER™ Amulet™ LAA Occluder Trial

    Sorry, in progress, not accepting new patients

    The Amulet™ device will be evaluated for safety and efficacy by demonstrating its performance is non-inferior to the commercially available WATCHMAN® left atrial appendage closure device in patients with non-valvular atrial fibrillation. Patients who are eligible for the trial will be randomized to receive either the Amulet device or the WATCHMAN device and will be followed for 5 years after device implant.

    at UC Davis

  • AntiCoagulation Tracking InterVention and Evaluation

    Sorry, not yet accepting patients

    Anticoagulants are a leading cause of acute injury from adverse drug events, leading to ~20,000 serious injuries reported to the Food and Drug Administration per year and more than 220,000 emergency department visits annually. Therefore, we propose to implement a health information technology (HIT) population management tool at two distinct anticoagulation clinics that will allow the care team to assign and track tasks essential for timely patient monitoring. We will examine its effect on anticoagulation management outcomes through a randomized trial, hypothesizing that such interventions can be effective as well as cost-effective strategies to improve patient safety in the context of anticoagulation management services.

    at UCSF

  • Intravenous N-Acetylcysteine for the Treatment of Acute Ischemic Stroke

    Sorry, not yet accepting patients

    Stroke is a major cause of death and long-term disability in the developed world. While t-PA and mechanical thrombectomy have been shown to decrease disability in properly selected patients, many patients are left with lifelong symptoms. There are currently limited options available for patients who are not candidates for treatment with t-PA and/or mechanical thrombectomy. N-Acetylcysteine (NAC) is an FDA approved antioxidant and anti-inflammatory agent that has been used safely for many years in the treatment of acetaminophen overdose. In studies, the oral form has been shown to improve outcomes in acute ischemic stroke and has been shown to decrease the effects of ischemic brain injury in animal models. In a small human trial, it improved outcomes in patients suffering from mild traumatic brain injury (TBI). The intravenous formulation has a long safety record. It is not FDA approved for treating stroke but was reviewed by the FDA and was given an FDA IND for this study. The investigators propose a prospective randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study to evaluate the efficacy of administering intravenous N-acetylcysteine to patients with acute ischemic stroke. Eligible subjects will receive a commercially available form of intravenous NAC (Acetadote®) through for the first 21 hours following their enrollment. Patients enrolled who receive t-PA for thrombolysis will have their intravenous NAC infusion delayed for 24 hours after the completion of their t-PA infusion. Patients undergoing thrombectomy will be excluded from enrollment. Subjects will be evaluated by emergency department and/or division of neurology physicians at the time of enrollment, during their hospitalization, as well as 30 days and 90 days after enrollment. At each visit, subjects will be assessed for functional status and quality of life. This study is designed to compare the efficacy of intravenous N-acetylcysteine compared to normal treatment in patients with acute ischemic stroke.

    at UCLA

  • Rate of Atrial Fibrillation Through 12 Months in Patients With Recent Ischemic Stroke of Presumed Known Origin

    Sorry, in progress, not accepting new patients

    The purpose of the Stroke AF study is to compare the incidence of atrial fibrillation (AF) through 12 months between continuous cardiac rhythm monitoring with the Reveal LINQ™ Insertable Cardiac Monitor (ICM) (continuous monitoring arm) and standard of care (SoC) medical treatment (control arm) in subjects with a recent ischemic stroke of presumed known origin.

    at UCSF

  • The MIRROR Registry: Minimally Invasive IntRaceRebral HemORrhage Evacuation

    Sorry, not currently recruiting here

    This registry will study the use of the Aurora® Surgiscope to provide surgical access and visualization in minimally invasive removal of hematoma in the brain. Many methods of hematoma removal are available and will be based on surgeon preference. The impact of patient selection and time to surgery from last known well time will be explored.

    at UCLA

  • Vascular Events In Surgery patIents cOhort evaluatioN - Cardiac Surgery

    Sorry, in progress, not accepting new patients

    Worldwide over 2 million adults (>30,000 Canadians) undergo heart surgery annually. Although heart surgery provides important survival benefits, it is associated with potential major complications such as death, stroke, and heart attack. There is promising evidence that measurement of heart injury markers after surgery will identify patients at risk of death or major complications. This study will determine the current incidence of major complications in a representative sample of 15,000 contemporary adult patients undergoing heart surgery. Knowing the current burden of complications will inform clinicians, administrators, government and granting agencies about resources required to address the problem. This study will also establish the role of measuring heart injury markers to identify important heart injury after heart surgery and the proportion that would go undetected without routine heart injury marker monitoring. This information will facilitate further studies of timely interventions. In summary, the VISION Cardiac Surgery Study addresses fundamental questions that will have profound public health implications given the millions of adults worldwide who undergo heart surgery annually.

    at UCLA

  • Women's Health Initiative Strong and Healthy Study

    Sorry, in progress, not accepting new patients

    The WHISH trial applies state-of-the science behavioral principles and currently available technologies to deliver a physical activity intervention without face-to-face contact to ~25,000 older U.S. women expected to consent. It includes the National Institute of Aging (NIA) Go4Life® Exercise & Physical Activity materials 3 and WHISH developed targeted materials based on Go4Life® to provide inspirational tips and recommendations about how to achieve nationally recommended levels of PA and overcome barriers to exercise, with a means for self-monitoring and setting personal goals. The intervention builds upon evidence-based behavioral science principles and intervention components that have proven to be effective in increasing PA in older women, with innovative adaptive approaches to tailoring the delivery to meet individual (personal) needs.

    at UCSD

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