Summary

Eligibility
for people ages 18 years and up (full criteria)
Location
at UCLA
Dates
study started
estimated completion

Description

Summary

This phase I trial studies the safety and best dose of anti-LAG-3 (anti-LAG-3 monoclonal antibody BMS-986016) or urelumab alone and in combination with nivolumab in treating patients with glioblastoma that has returned (recurrent). Anti-LAG-3 monoclonal antibody BMS-986016, urelumab, and nivolumab are antibodies (a type of protein) that may stimulate the cells in the immune system to attack tumor cells. It is not yet known whether anti-LAG-3 monoclonal antibody BMS-986016 or urelumab alone or in combination with nivolumab may kill more tumor cells. (The Anti-CD137 antibody (BMS-663513 - urelumab) treatment arm closed by BMS on 10/16/18 due to closure of BMS Urelumab development program. Subjects currently on treatment may continue.)

Official Title

A Phase I Trial of Anti-LAG-3 or Anti-CD137 Alone and in Combination With Anti-PD-1 in Patients With Recurrent GBM

Details

PRIMARY OBJECTIVES:

  1. To determine a maximum tolerated dose or maximum administrated dose of anti-lymphocyte activation gene-3 (LAG-3) antibody (BMS-986016) (anti-LAG-3 monoclonal antibody BMS-986016) and anti-cluster of differentiation 137 (CD137) antibody (BMS- 663513) (urelumab) given independently and in combination with anti-programmed death-1 (PD-1) antibody (nivolumab, BMS-936558) safely in patients with recurrent glioblastoma multiforme (GBM).

SECONDARY OBJECTIVES:

  1. To estimate overall survival. II. To estimate 1 year progression-free survival (PFS) rate. III. To estimate radiographic response (radiographic assessment in neuro-oncology [RANO] and immunotherapy response assessment for neuro-oncology [iRANO]).

TERTIARY OBJECTIVES:

  1. To assess the pharmacodynamic effects of anti-LAG-3 antibody (BMS-986016), anti-CD137 antibody (BMS- 663513), and/or anti-PD-1 antibody (BMS-936558) on biomarkers in peripheral blood, including the T cell compartments, and serum proteins (cytokines and other immune modulators).

II. To assess the pharmacodynamic activity in tumor tissue and peripheral blood in treated subjects who undergo optional tumor biopsies.

III. To explore potential associations between biomarker measures and anti-tumor activity by analyzing markers of inflammation, immune activation, host tumor growth factors, and tumor-derived proteins in the pre-treatment and on-treatment setting.

IV. To further characterize the occupancy and immune cell function at multiple dose levels of anti-LAG-3 antibody (BMS-986016), anti-CD137 antibody (BMS-663513), and/or anti-PD-1 antibody (BMS-936558).

  1. To explore characteristics of tumor immune microenvironment changes after the treatment of anti-LAG-3, anti-CD137, and its combination treatment with anti- PD-1 in surgically indicated patients undergoing tumor resection

OUTLINE:

PART A: This is a dose-escalation study of the monotherapy of Anti-LAG-3 monoclonal antibody BMS-986016 and Anti-CD137 (urelumab). Patients are assigned to 1 of 2 arms.

ARM I: Patients receive anti-LAG-3 monoclonal antibody BMS-986016 intravenously (IV) on days 1 and 15. Treatment repeats every 28 days for up to 24 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

ARM II: Patients receive anti-CD137 (urelumab) IV on day 1. Treatment repeats every 21 days for up to 15 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

PART B: This is the dose-escalation combination therapy portion study of Anti-LAG-3 monoclonal antibody BMS-986016 plus Anti-PD-1(nivolumab) and Anti-CD137 (urelumab) plus Anti-PD-1 (nivolumab). Patients are assigned to 1 of 2 arms.

ARM I: Patients receive Anti-PD-1 (nivolumab) IV over 60 minutes and anti-LAG-3 monoclonal antibody BMS-986016 IV on days 1 and 15. Treatment repeats every 28 days for up to 24 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

ARM II: Patients receive Anti-PD-1 (nivolumab) IV over 60 minutes on days 1 and 15 and urelumab IV on day 1. Treatment repeats every 28 days for up to 24 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

(2pts enrolled before the Anti-CD137 antibody (BMS-663513 - urelumab) treatment arm closed by BMS on 10/16/18 due to closure of BMS Urelumab development program. Subjects currently on treatment may continue.)

INTRATUMORAL STUDIES: Patients enrolled on the Intratumoral Studies surgical arm pre-operatively receive either anti-LAG-3 monoclonal antibody BMS-986016 as in Part A Arm I, urelumab as in as in Part A Arm II, nivolumab and anti-LAG-3 monoclonal antibody BMS-986016 as in Part B Arm I, or nivolumab and urelumab as in Part B Arm II. Within 45 days of surgical resection, patients post-operatively receive either anti-LAG-3 monoclonal antibody BMS-986016 as in Part A Arm I, urelumab as in as in Part A Arm II, nivolumab and anti-LAG-3 monoclonal antibody BMS-986016 as in Part B Arm I, or nivolumab and urelumab as in Part B Arm II.

(3pts enrolled before the Anti-CD137 antibody (BMS-663513 - urelumab) treatment arm closed by BMS on 10/16/18 due to closure of BMS Urelumab development program. Subjects currently on treatment may continue.)

After completion of study treatment, patients are followed up at 60 days, every 2 months for 2 years, and then every 6 months thereafter. Patients taken off treatment for other reasons than disease progression are followed up every 2 months for 1 year.

Keywords

Glioblastoma Gliosarcoma Recurrent Brain Neoplasm Brain Neoplasms Nivolumab Antibodies Antibodies, Monoclonal Anti-LAG-3 Monoclonal Antibody BMS 986016 Anti-PD-1 Pharmacological Study Laboratory Biomarker Analysis Anti-CD137 A1 Anti-LAG-3 A2 Anti-CD137 (Urelumab) B1 Anti-LAG3 + Anti-PD-1 (nivolumab) B2 Anti-CD137 + Anti-PD-1 Intratumoral Studies

Eligibility

You can join if…

Open to people ages 18 years and up

  • Patients must have histologically proven glioblastoma or gliosarcoma which is progressive or recurrent following radiation therapy and temozolomide
  • Tumor O-6-methylguanine-deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) methyltransferase (MGMT) methylation status must be available; results of routinely used methods for MGMT methylation testing (e.g. mutagenically separated polymerase chain reaction [MSPCR] or quantitative polymerase chain reaction [PCR]) are acceptable
  • Patients must have measurable contrast-enhancing disease (defined as at least 1 cm x 1 cm) by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) imaging within 21 days of starting treatment (patients may have gross total resection, but should have measurable disease post-operatively); patients must be able to undergo MRI of the brain with gadolinium; patients must be maintained on a stable corticosteroid regimen (no increase for 5 days) prior to this baseline MRI
  • Patients must be in first recurrence of glioblastoma following radiation therapy and temozolomide
  • Patients must have recovered from severe toxicity of prior therapy; an interval of at least 12 weeks must have elapsed since the completion of radiation therapy or placement of Gliadel wafers, and at least 6 weeks must have elapsed from the last dose of temozolomide (TMZ); no prior therapies are allowed other than radiation, temozolomide, and Gliadel wafers (placed during the first surgery at diagnosis of GBM)
  • Patients must have a Karnofsky performance status >= 60% (i.e. the patient must be able to care for himself/herself with occasional help from others)
  • Absolute lymphocyte count >= 1000/ul
  • Absolute neutrophil count >= 1,500/ul
  • Platelets >= 100,000/ul
  • Hemoglobin >= 9 g/dl
  • Total bilirubin =< institutional upper limit of normal
  • Aspartate aminotransferase (AST) (serum glutamic oxaloacetic transaminase [SGOT])/alanine aminotransferase (ALT) (serum glutamate pyruvate transaminase [SGPT]) =< 3 x institutional upper limit of normal
  • Creatinine =< institutional upper limit of normal OR creatinine clearance >= 60 ml/min/1.73m2 for patients with creatinine levels above institutional normal

  • Activated partial thromboplastin time (APTT) or partial thromboplastin time (PTT) =< 1.5 x institutional upper limit of normal
  • Patients must be able to provide written informed consent
  • Women of childbearing potential must have a negative serum pregnancy test within 24 hours prior to treatment start; women of childbearing potential must agree to use two methods of contraception (hormonal or barrier method of birth control; abstinence) prior to study entry, for the duration of study treatment, and through 23 weeks after the last dose of study drug; should a woman become pregnant or suspect she is pregnant while participating in this study, she should inform her treating physician immediately; men treated or enrolled on this protocol must also agree to use adequate contraception prior to the study, for the duration of study participation, and through 31 weeks after the last dose of study drug
  • Patients must have no concurrent malignancy except curatively treated basal or squamous cell carcinoma of the skin or carcinoma in situ of the cervix, breast, or bladder; patients with prior malignancies must be disease-free for >= five years

You CAN'T join if...

  • Patients receiving any other investigational agents are ineligible
  • Patients with a history of allergic reactions attributed to compounds of similar chemical or biologic composition to anti-LAG-3, anti-CD137, and anti-PD1 are ineligible; the investigator brochures can be referenced for more information
  • Patients with active or recent history of known or suspected autoimmune disease are ineligible; subjects with type 1 diabetes mellitus, hypothyroidism only requiring hormone replacement, and skin disorders (vitiligo, psoriasis, or alopecia) not requiring systemic treatment, are permitted to enroll
  • Patients with a condition requiring systemic treatment with either corticosteroids or other immunosuppressive medications within 14 days of study entry are ineligible
  • Patients must not be receiving greater than 1 mg dexamethasone/day (or an equivalent amount of an alternative corticosteroid) for at least 1 week prior to treatment start
  • Patients must have no evidence of mass effect and no midline shift
  • Patients must have no evidence of significant hematologic, renal, or hepatic dysfunction; patients with underlying hepatocellular disease should be given careful risk/benefit consideration prior to enrollment; patients with a history of any chronic hepatitis as evidenced by the following are ineligible:
  • Positive test for hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg)
  • Positive test for qualitative hepatitis C viral load (by PCR) (Note: subjects with positive hepatitis C antibody and negative quantitative hepatitis C by PCR are eligible; history of resolved hepatitis A virus infection is not an exclusion criterion)
  • History of alcoholic or non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH), auto-immune hepatitis, or previous grade 3-4 drug-related hepatitis, or any form of chronic liver disease
  • Patients must be hepatitis C virus (HCV) negative (by quantitative PCR [qPCR]) and hepatitis B virus core antibody (HBcAb) negative (no prior hepatitis B infection)
  • Patients with uncontrolled intercurrent illness including, but not limited to, ongoing or active infection, symptomatic congestive heart failure, clinically significant cardiac disease, unstable angina pectoris, cardiac arrhythmia, or psychiatric illness/social situations that would limit compliance with study requirements, are ineligible
  • Pregnant women are excluded from this study; breastfeeding should be discontinued if the mother is treated with these agents
  • Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-positive patients on combination antiretroviral therapy are ineligible

Locations

  • Jonsson Comprehensive Cancer Center at UCLA
    Los Angeles California 90095 United States
  • UAB Comprehensive Cancer Center
    Birmingham Alabama 35294-3410 United States

Details

Status
in progress, not accepting new patients
Start Date
Completion Date
(estimated)
Sponsor
Sidney Kimmel Comprehensive Cancer Center at Johns Hopkins
ID
NCT02658981
Phase
Phase 1
Study Type
Interventional
Last Updated