This phase II/III trial compares the side effects and activity of oral azacitidine in combination with the standard drug therapy (reduced dose rituximab-cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine, and prednisone [R-miniCHOP]) versus R-miniCHOP alone in treating patients 75 years or older with newly diagnosed diffuse large B cell lymphoma. R-miniCHOP includes a monoclonal antibody (a type of protein), called rituximab, which attaches to the lymphoma cells and may help the immune system kill these cells. R-miniCHOP also includes prednisone which is an anti-inflammatory medication and a combination of 3 chemotherapy drugs, cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, and vincristine. These 3 chemotherapy drugs, as well as oral azacitidine, work in different ways to stop the growth of cancer cells, either by killing the cells, by stopping them from dividing, or by stopping them from spreading. Combining oral azacitidine with R-miniCHOP may shrink the cancer or extend the time without disease symptoms coming back or extend patient's survival when compared to R-miniCHOP alone.
A Phase II/III Randomized Study of R-MiniCHOP With or Without CC-486 (Oral Azacitidine) in Participants Age 75 Years or Older With Newly Diagnosed Diffuse Large B Cell Lymphoma, Grade IIIB Follicular Lymphoma, Transformed Lymphoma, and High-Grade B-Cell Lymphomas With MYC AND BCL2 and/or BCL6 Rearrangements
- To determine if the addition of CC-486 (oral azacitidine) to R-miniCHOP results in excess toxicity compared to R-miniCHOP alone that would preclude the combination from being studied further. (Safety run-in) II. To determine if the CC-486 + R-miniCHOP regimen should be tested further (Phase III) against the control R-miniCHOP alone based on progression-free survival (PFS). (Phase II component) III. To compare the overall survival (OS) between CC-486 + R-miniCHOP and R-miniCHOP alone. (Phase III component)
- To assess the feasibility of delivering at least 4 cycles of CC-486 with R-miniCHOP in this population.
II. To assess toxicity for CC-486 + R-miniCHOP and for R-miniCHOP. III. To compare complete response rates, as defined by Lugano 2014 classification, between CC-486 + R-miniCHOP and R-miniCHOP alone.
INTEGRATED CORRELATIVE GERIATRIC ASSESSMENTS:
- To compare functioning as assessed by the S1918 Comprehensive Geriatric Assessment (S1918 CGA) between participants treated with CC-486 + R-miniCHOP versus R-miniCHOP alone.
II. To evaluate if frailty status (fit/unfit versus [vs] frail/superfrail) as assessed by the FIL tool is associated with OS.
III. To evaluate if frailty as measured by the FIL tool correlates with the summary frailty index as measured using components of the S1918 CGA.
- To bank specimens for future correlative studies.
Beginning 7 days prior to starting [protocol treatment, all patients receive vincristine sulfate intravenously (IV) on day 1, and prednisone orally (PO) daily on days 1-7.
Patients are then randomized to 1 of 2 arms.
ARM I: Patients receive CC-486 PO for 7 days prior to cycle 1. Patients then receive CC-486 PO on days 8-21. Treatment repeats every 21 days for cycles 1-5 in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Patients also receive rituximab IV (or subcutaneously [SC] for cycles 2-6), cyclophosphamide IV, doxorubicin hydrochloride IV, and vincristine sulfate IV on day 1, and prednisone PO on days 1-5. Treatment repeats every 21 days for cycles 1-6 (6 cycles total) in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
ARM II: Patients receive rituximab IV (or SC for cycles 2-6), cyclophosphamide IV, doxorubicin hydrochloride IV, and vincristine sulfate IV on day 1, and prednisone PO on days 1-5. Treatment repeats every 21 days for up to 6 cycles in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
After completion of study treatment, patients are followed up periodically until 5 years from the date of registration.
Ann Arbor Stage III Diffuse Large B-Cell Lymphoma, Ann Arbor Stage IIX (Bulky) Diffuse Large B-Cell Lymphoma, Ann Arbor Stage IV Diffuse Large B-Cell Lymphoma, Diffuse Large B-Cell Lymphoma Activated B-Cell Type, Diffuse Large B-Cell Lymphoma Associated With Chronic Inflammation, Diffuse Large B-Cell Lymphoma Germinal Center B-Cell Type, Diffuse Large B-Cell Lymphoma, Not Otherwise Specified, EBV-Positive Diffuse Large B-Cell Lymphoma, Not Otherwise Specified, Grade 3b Follicular Lymphoma, HHV8-Positive Diffuse Large B-Cell Lymphoma, Not Otherwise Specified, High Grade B-Cell Lymphoma With MYC and BCL2 and/or BCL6 Rearrangements, High Grade B-Cell Lymphoma With MYC and BCL2 or BCL6 Rearrangements, High Grade B-Cell Lymphoma With MYC, BCL2, and BCL6 Rearrangements, High Grade B-Cell Lymphoma, Not Otherwise Specified, Intravascular Large B-Cell Lymphoma, Lymphoplasmacytic Lymphoma, Nodular Lymphocyte Predominant Hodgkin Lymphoma, Primary Cutaneous Diffuse Large B-Cell Lymphoma, Leg Type, T-Cell/Histiocyte-Rich Large B-Cell Lymphoma, Transformed Follicular Lymphoma to Diffuse Large B-Cell Lymphoma, Transformed Marginal Zone Lymphoma to Diffuse Large B-Cell Lymphoma, Lymphoma, Follicular Lymphoma, B-Cell Lymphoma, Hodgkin Disease, Lymphoma, Large B-Cell, Diffuse, Waldenstrom Macroglobulinemia, Inflammation, Prednisone, Cortisone, Cyclophosphamide, Rituximab, Doxorubicin, Liposomal doxorubicin, Vincristine, Azacitidine, Immunological Antineoplastic Agents, Antibodies, Immunoglobulins, Monoclonal Antibodies, Doxorubicin Hydrochloride, Oral Azacitidine, Vincristine Sulfate, oral azacitidine, R-miniCHOP, R-miniCHOP