Summary

Eligibility
for people ages 40-80 (full criteria)
Location
at UCSF
Dates
study started
completion around
Principal Investigator
by Ellen R Bradley, MD (ucsf)
Headshot of Ellen R Bradley
Ellen R Bradley

Description

Summary

Parkinson's disease (PD) is a devastating illness that has a growing impact on Veterans. One of the most disabling symptoms is depression, which is common in PD and linked to poor quality of life and higher risk of suicide. Unfortunately, there is a lack of effective treatments for depression in PD. Ketamine, which has rapid and potent antidepressant effects, is a potential option but has not been tested in Veterans with PD. Studies in rodents show that ketamine may not only improve depression in PD, it may target two of the underlying drivers of the disease: (1) reduced neuroplasticity, or the brain's ability to adapt and remodel itself; and (2) elevated inflammation. The investigators are conducting a randomized, placebo-controlled study to examine if a dose of intravenous (IV) ketamine improves depression in Veterans with PD. The investigators will also examine ketamine's effects on neuroplasticity and inflammation, which will help us understand how ketamine works in PD and if it can be a useful treatment for Veterans with the disease. This study will lay groundwork for a larger clinical trial across multiple VA sites.

Official Title

Examining Ketamine Effects on Depression, Neuroplasticity, and Inflammation in Veterans With Parkinson's Disease

Details

This is a double-masked, active placebo-controlled, single dose randomized trial of intravenous (IV) ketamine versus remimazolam for depression in Veterans (N=80) with Parkinson's disease (PD). The investigators hypothesize that ketamine will have a strong safety and tolerability profile and improve depressive symptoms within 24 hours (Aim 1). Further, its antidepressant effects will be associated with modulation of both impaired neuroplasticity (Aim 2) and elevated inflammatory activity (Aim 3). To test these hypotheses, the investigators will use clinical assessments (of adverse events, tolerability, and depression), non-invasive brain stimulation techniques to quantify changes in LTP-like neuroplasticity, and blood-based cytokine measurement to quantify changes in systemic inflammation. This study will provide clinical efficacy data and elucidate ketamine's mechanisms of action in PD using accessible, neuroscience-informed markers of neuroplasticity and inflammation.

Keywords

Parkinson?s Disease, Ketamine, Depression, Inflammatory markers, Neuroplasticity, Clinical Trial Protocol, Parkinson Disease, Remimazolam

Eligibility

You can join if…

Open to people ages 40-80

  1. Able to understand and provide written informed consent.
  2. Is a United States Veteran.
  3. Between 40-80 years old at the time of informed consent
  4. Have neurologist-diagnosed idiopathic Parkinson's disease (PD) for at least six months prior to enrollment
  5. History of inadequate response to at least one trial of antidepressant medication
  6. On a stable regimen of all medications for at least 2 months prior to enrollment and have no planned medication changes during the period of active participation.
  7. Commit to attend all in-person and remote study visits and participate in all data collection procedures.
  8. Have a score >/=20 on the Montgomery-Asberg Depression Rating Scale (MADRS), consistent with moderate or greater depressive symptom severity, at Baseline.
  9. If already engaged in psychotherapy or other non-pharmacologic treatments for depression, agree to maintain consistent engagement throughout the period of active study participation.

    10. If not engaged in psychotherapy or other non-pharmacologic treatments for depression,

    agree to avoid starting a new course of treatment for the period of active study participation.

    11. Agree to abstain from cannabis for a minimum of 72 hours prior to assessments on Day -

    1 and to remain abstinent through assessments on Day 0

    12. If a regular user of tobacco or nicotine, agree to maintain a consistent pattern of

    use throughout the period of active study participation; if an infrequent/occasional user, agree to abstain throughout the period of active study participation

    13. For people who can become pregnant or trying to conceive: agree to use highly

    effective contraception from entry into the trial through Day 7 assessments

You CAN'T join if...

  1. Lifetime history of schizophrenia or schizoaffective disorder or bipolar disorder or current psychosis with loss of insight
  2. Dementia or cognitive impairment as determined by a MoCA (telephone version) score <18 at screening.
  3. Moderate or severe substance use disorder during the 6 months prior to enrollment or a breathalyzer test showing an alcohol level > 0% at screening or a positive urine toxicology panel at screening. Note that a positive result for cannabis is an exception; see Inclusion Criteria
  4. Pregnancy, breastfeeding, or plans to become pregnant during the period of trial participation.
  5. Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) or transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) treatment within 30 days prior to enrollment or plans to begin either therapy during the participation period
  6. High risk of self-harm/suicide that warrants immediate treatment as determined by the Columbia-Suicide Severity Rating Scale (C-SSRS) at screening
  7. Current severity of depression symptoms warranting immediate treatment (i.e., resulting in inability to provide for basic needs/safety) at screening
  8. Meeting standard safety exclusion criteria for TMS (seizure disorder, ferrous metal or implanted devices above the chest, history of severe traumatic brain injury, tinnitus)
  9. Meeting standard safety exclusion criteria for ketamine treatment (previous hypersensitivity reaction to ketamine, hepatitis or liver failure, cystitis, or underlying cardiovascular conditions in which increased blood pressure would pose a risk of complications)

    10. Concomitant medications that may interfere with ketamine treatment or increase risk of

    adverse events (e.g., benzodiazepines, sedative-hypnotics, lamotrigine, MAOIs) if it is not medically appropriate or feasible for the participant to abstain from use for at least 5 half-lives prior to assessments on Day -1 and remain abstinent through assessments on Day 0

    11. Concomitant medications that may impact motor cortex plasticity (e.g., memantine,

    dextromethorphan) if it is not medically appropriate or feasible for the participant to abstain from use for at least 5 half-lives prior to assessments on Day -1 and remain abstinent through assessments on Day 0

    12. Concomitant medications that may increase risk of adverse events with TMS (i.e,. those

    that can lower the seizure threshold) if it is not medically appropriate or feasible for the participant to abstain from use for at least 5 half-lives prior to assessments on Day -1 and remain abstinent through assessments on Day 0

    13. Autoimmune disorders (e.g., multiple sclerosis, lupus, rheumatoid arthritis) or

    neoplastic disorders

    14. Use of cytokine antagonists or other medications that may modulate inflammation unless

    regimen has been stable for at least 2 months and there is no plan to alter the regimen during trial participation

    15. Another medical condition or diagnosis, physical exam finding, or laboratory

    abnormality that precludes participation in study procedures due to safety concerns.

Location

  • San Francisco VA Medical Center, San Francisco, CA
    San Francisco California 94121-1563 United States

Lead Scientist at University of California Health

  • Ellen R Bradley, MD (ucsf)
    Assistant Professor, Psychiatry, School of Medicine. Authored (or co-authored) 14 research publications

Details

Status
not yet accepting patients
Start Date
Completion Date
(estimated)
Sponsor
VA Office of Research and Development
ID
NCT06231563
Phase
Phase 2 research study
Study Type
Interventional
Participants
Expecting 80 study participants
Last Updated